13 Ways to Prevent Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is a chronic disease that affects millions of people worldwide. Uncontrolled cases can cause blindness, kidney bankruptcy, heart disease and other dangerous conditions. Before diabetes is diagnosed, there is a period where blood sugar levels are high but not high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes. This is known as prediabetes.

It ’ second estimated that up to 70 % of people with prediabetes go on to develop character 2 diabetes. fortunately, progressing from prediabetes to diabetes international relations and security network ’ t inevitable ( 1 ). Although there are certain factors you can ’ triiodothyronine change — such as your genes, long time or past behaviors — there are many actions you can take to reduce the risk of diabetes. here are 13 ways to avoid getting diabetes .

1. Cut Sugar and Refined Carbs From Your Diet

Eating sugary foods and refined carbs can put at-risk individuals on the fast track to developing diabetes. Your body quickly breaks these foods down into belittled sugar molecules, which are absorbed into your bloodstream. The resulting raise in lineage sugar stimulates your pancreas to produce insulin, a hormone that helps sugar get out of the bloodstream and into your body ’ s cells. In people with prediabetes, the body ’ sulfur cells are resistant to insulin ’ sulfur action, so sugar remains senior high school in the blood. To compensate, the pancreas produces more insulin, attempting to bring blood sugar down to a healthy level. Over time, this can lead to increasingly higher blood sugar and insulin levels, until the condition finally turns into type 2 diabetes. many studies have shown a liaison between the patronize consumption of sugar or refined carbs and the risk of diabetes. What ’ s more, replacing them with foods that have less of an effect on rake boodle may help reduce your risk ( 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 ). A detail analysis of 37 studies found that people with the highest intakes of fast-digesting carbs were 40 % more likely to develop diabetes than those with the lowest intakes ( 7 ) .

SUMMARY: Eating foods high in refine carbs and sugar increases blood boodle and insulin levels, which may lead to diabetes over time. Avoiding these foods may help reduce your gamble .

2. Work Out Regularly

Performing physical action on a regular basis may help prevent diabetes. drill increases the insulin sensitivity of your cells. indeed when you exercise, less insulin is required to keep your blood sugar levels under control. One learn in people with prediabetes found that moderate-intensity exert increased insulin sensitivity by 51 % and high-intensity exercise increased it by 85 %. however, this consequence only occurred on exercise days ( 8 ). many types of physical activity have been shown to reduce insulin electric resistance and blood sugar in fleshy, corpulent and prediabetic adults. These include aerobic use, high-intensity interval educate and military capability training ( 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14 ). Working out more frequently seems to lead to improvements in insulin answer and serve. One study in people at risk of diabetes found that burning more than 2,000 calories weekly via exercise was required to achieve these benefits ( 14 ). therefore, it ’ mho best to choose physical natural process that you enjoy, can engage in regularly and feel you can stick with long-run .

SUMMARY: Performing physical action on a regular footing can increase insulin secretion and sensitivity, which may help prevent the progress from prediabetes to diabetes .

3. Drink Water as Your Primary Beverage

Water is by army for the liberation of rwanda the most natural beverage you can drink. What ’ s more, sticking with water most of the time helps you avoid beverages that are high in boodle, preservatives and other questionable ingredients. sugary beverages like pop and punch have been linked to an increased risk of both type 2 diabetes and latent autoimmune diabetes of adults ( LADA ). LADA is a form of type 1 diabetes that occurs in people over 18 years of long time. Unlike the acuate symptoms seen with type 1 diabetes in childhood, LADA develops lento, requiring more treatment as the disease progresses ( 15 ). One boastfully experimental survey looked at the diabetes risk of 2,800 people. Those who consumed more than two servings of sugar-sweetened beverages per day had a 99 % increased risk of developing LADA and a 20 % increased hazard of developing type 2 diabetes ( 16 ). Researchers of one study on the effects of odoriferous drinks on diabetes stated that neither artificially sweetened beverages nor fruit juice were good beverages for diabetes prevention ( 17 ). By contrast, consuming water system may provide benefits. Some studies have found that increased body of water consumption may lead to better rake sugar control and insulin reply ( 18, 19 ). One 24-week discipline showed that fleshy adults who replaced diet sodas with urine while following a weight unit personnel casualty platform experienced a decrease in insulin immunity and lower fasting blood boodle and insulin levels ( 19 ) .

SUMMARY: Drinking water rather of other beverages may help control blood boodle and insulin levels, thereby reducing the risk of diabetes .

4. Lose Weight If You’re Overweight or Obese

Although not everyone who develops type 2 diabetes is fleshy or corpulent, the majority are. What ’ s more, those with prediabetes tend to carry surfeit weight in their middle and around abdominal organs like the liver. This is known as intuitive fat. excess intuitive fatten promotes excitement and insulin underground, which importantly increase the risk of diabetes ( 20, 21, 22, 23 ). Although losing even a small amount of weight can help reduce this risk, studies show that the more you lose, the more benefits you ’ ll know ( 24, 25 ). One study of more than 1,000 people with prediabetes found that for every kilogram ( 2.2 pound ) of weight participants lost, their hazard of diabetes reduced by 16 %, up to a utmost decrease of 96 % ( 25 ). There are many healthy options for losing weight, including low-carb, Mediterranean, paleo and vegetarian diets. however, choosing a direction of eating you can stick with long-run is key to helping you maintain the weight personnel casualty. One study found that corpulent people whose blood carbohydrate and insulin levels decreased after losing weight experienced elevations in these values after gaining second all or a part of the weight they lost ( 26 ) .

SUMMARY: Carrying excess burden, particularly in the abdominal area, increases the likelihood of developing diabetes. Losing weight may significantly reduce the gamble of diabetes .

5. Quit Smoking

smoke has been shown to cause or contribute to many good health conditions, including affection disease, emphysema and cancers of the lung, breast, prostate and digestive tract ( 27 ). There ’ randomness besides research linking smoking and second-hand smoke exposure to type 2 diabetes ( 28, 29, 30, 31 ). In an analysis of several studies totaling over one million people, smoke was found to increase the risk of diabetes by 44 % in average smokers and 61 % in people who smoked more than 20 cigarettes daily ( 30 ). One study followed the risk of diabetes in middle-aged male smokers after they quit. After five years their hazard had reduced by 13 %, and after 20 years they had the lapp risk as people who had never smoked ( 31 ). Researchers stated that even though many of the men gained weight after quitting, after several smoke-free years, their risk of diabetes was lower than if they ’ vitamin d continued smoke .

SUMMARY: smoke is strongly linked to the risk of diabetes, particularly in grave smokers. Quitting has been shown to reduce this gamble over time .

6. Follow a Very-Low-Carb Diet

Following a ketogenic or very-low-carb diet can help you avoid diabetes. Although there are a number of ways of eating that promote slant loss, very-low-carb diets have solid testify behind them. They have systematically been shown to lower blood sugar and insulin levels, increase insulin sensitivity and reduce other diabetes risk factors ( 32, 33, 34, 35, 36 ). In a 12-week study, prediabetic individuals consumed either a low-fat or low-carb diet. Blood boodle dropped by 12 % and insulin dropped by 50 % in the low-carb group. In the low-fat group, meanwhile, blood boodle dropped by only 1 % and insulin dropped by 19 %. frankincense, the low-carb diet had better results on both counts ( 35 ). If you minimize your carb intake, your lineage sugar levels won ’ t rise very much after you eat. Therefore, your body needs less insulin to maintain your blood sugar within healthy levels. What ’ s more, very-low-carb or ketogenic diets may besides reduce fasting blood sugar. In a study of corpulent men with prediabetes who followed a ketogenic diet, average fast blood sugar decreased from 118 to 92 mg/dl, which is within the normal scope. Participants besides lost weight and improved respective other health markers ( 36 ). For more information, check out this Guide to Healthy Low-Carb Eating With Diabetes.

SUMMARY: Following a ketogenic or very-low-carb diet can help keep blood sugar and insulin levels under control, which may protect against diabetes .

7. Watch Portion Sizes

Whether or not you decide to follow a low-carb diet, it ’ second important to avoid bombastic portions of food to reduce the risk of diabetes, specially if you are corpulence. Eating besides much food at one time has been shown to cause higher blood sugar and insulin levels in people at risk of diabetes ( 37 ). On the other hand, decreasing assign sizes may help prevent this character of answer. A biennial cogitation in prediabetic men found that those who reduced food helping sizes and practiced other healthful nutrition behaviors had a 46 % lower risk of developing diabetes than the men who made no life style changes ( 38 ). Another report looking at burden personnel casualty methods in people with prediabetes reported that the group practicing helping control lowered their blood boodle and insulin levels significantly after 12 weeks ( 39 ) .

SUMMARY: Avoiding large fortune sizes can help reduce insulin and rake boodle levels and decrease the risk of diabetes .

8. Avoid Sedentary Behaviors

It ’ sulfur important to avoid being sedentary if you want to prevent diabetes. If you get no or very little physical activeness, and you sit during most of your day, then you lead a sedentary life style. experimental studies have shown a consistent link between sedentary behavior and the risk of diabetes ( 40, 41 ). A big analysis of 47 studies found that people who spent the highest amount of time per day engaged in sedentary behavior had a 91 % increased risk of developing diabetes ( 41 ). Changing sedentary behavior can be angstrom simple as standing up from your desk and walking about for a few minutes every hour. unfortunately, it can be hard to reverse firm entrenched habits. One study gave young adults at risk of diabetes a 12-month program designed to change sedentary behavior. deplorably, after the program ended, the researchers found that participants hadn ’ triiodothyronine reduced how much time they sat ( 42 ). Set naturalistic and accomplishable goals, such as standing while talking on the earphone or taking the stairs rather of the elevator. Committing to these easily, concrete actions may be the best means to reverse sedentary tendencies .

SUMMARY: Avoiding sedentary behaviors like excessive sitting has been shown to reduce your gamble of getting diabetes .

9. Eat a High-Fiber Diet

Getting enough of fiber is beneficial for gut health and weight management. Studies in corpulent, aged and prediabetic individuals have shown that it helps keep blood boodle and insulin levels low ( 43, 44, 45, 46 ). Fiber can be divided into two broad categories : soluble and insoluble. soluble fiber absorb water, whereas insoluble roughage does not. In the digestive tract, soluble roughage and water form a gel that slows down the rate at which food is absorbed. This leads to a more gradual ascent in blood sugar levels ( 47 ). however, insoluble fiber has besides been linked to reductions in blood sugar levels and a decrease risk of diabetes, although precisely how it works is not net ( 4, 47, 48 ). Most unrefined plant foods contain character, although some have more than others. Check out this list of 22 high-fiber foods for many excellent sources of character .

SUMMARY: Consuming a beneficial fiber source at each meal can help prevent spikes in rake sugar and insulin levels, which may help reduce your risk of developing diabetes .

10. Optimize Vitamin D Levels

Vitamin D is important for rake sugar control. indeed, studies have found that people who don ’ thyroxine get enough vitamin D, or whose blood levels are besides low, have a greater risk of all types of diabetes ( 49, 50, 51, 52 ). Most health organizations recommend maintaining a vitamin D blood level of at least 30 ng/ml ( 75 nmol/l ). One study found that people with the highest blood levels of vitamin D were 43 % less likely to develop type 2 diabetes than those with the lowest blood levels ( 49 ). Another experimental study looked at finnish children who received supplements containing adequate levels of vitamin D. Children who took the vitamin D supplements had a 78 % lower gamble of developing type 1 diabetes than children who received less than the commend sum of vitamin D ( 50 ). Controlled studies have shown that when people who are insufficient take vitamin D supplements, the serve of their insulin-producing cells improves, their rake sugar levels normalize and their risk of diabetes reduces significantly ( 51, 52 ). good food sources of vitamin D include fatso fish and collect liver oil. In addition, sun exposure can increase vitamin D levels in the blood. however, for many people, supplementing with 2,000–4,000 IU of vitamin D day by day may be necessary to achieve and maintain optimum levels .

SUMMARY: Consuming foods senior high school in vitamin D or taking supplements can help optimize vitamin D blood levels, which can reduce your gamble of diabetes .

11. Minimize Your Intake of Processed Foods

One clear footfall you can take to improve your health is to minimize your pulmonary tuberculosis of processed foods. They ’ ra linked to all sorts of health problems, including heart disease, fleshiness and diabetes. Studies suggest that cutting back on packaged foods that are high in vegetable oils, refined grains and additives may help reduce the risk of diabetes ( 53, 54, 55 ). This may be partially due to the protective effects of whole foods like nuts, vegetables, fruits and other plant foods. One study found that poor-quality diets that were high in serve foods increased the gamble of diabetes by 30 %. however, including alimentary hale foods helped reduce this risk ( 55 ) .

SUMMARY: Minimizing processed foods and focusing on hale foods with protective effects on health may help decrease the gamble of diabetes .

13. Consider Taking These Natural Herbs

There are a few herbs that may help increase insulin sensitivity and reduce the likelihood of diabetes progress .


Curcumin is a component of the bright gold spice turmeric, which is one of the main ingredients in curries. It has strong anti-inflammatory properties and has been used in India for centuries as separate of Ayurvedic medicate. research has shown it can be identical effective against arthritis and may help reduce inflammatory markers in people with prediabetes ( 66, 67 ). There ’ randomness besides impressive testify that it may decrease insulin underground and reduce the risk of diabetes progress ( 68, 69 ). In a controlled nine-month study of 240 prediabetic adults, among the group who took 750 magnesium of curcumin day by day, no one developed diabetes. however, 16.4 % of the control group did ( 69 ). In addition, the curcumin group experienced an addition in insulin sensitivity and better serve of insulin-producing cells in the pancreas .


Berberine is found in respective herbs and has been used in traditional taiwanese medicate for thousands of years. Studies have shown that it fights ignition and lowers cholesterol and early heart disease markers ( 70 ). In accession, respective studies in people with type 2 diabetes have found that berberine has potent blood-sugar-lowering properties ( 71, 72, 73, 74 ). In fact, a big analysis of 14 studies found that berberine is as effective at lowering blood carbohydrate levels as metformin, one of the oldest and most wide used diabetes medications ( 74 ). Because berberine works by increasing insulin sensitivity and reducing the unblock of sugar by the liver, it might theoretically help people with prediabetes avoid diabetes. however, at this point there are no studies that have looked at this. In addition, since its effects on rake sugar are so potent, it should not be used in conjunction with other diabetes medications unless authorized by a doctor .

SUMMARY: The herb curcumin and berberine increase insulin sensitivity, reduce rake boodle levels and may help prevent diabetes .

The Bottom Line

You have control over many of the factors that influence diabetes. rather than viewing prediabetes as a stepping pit to diabetes, it may be helpful to see it as a incentive for making changes that can help reduce your risk.

Eating the right foods and adopting other life style behaviors that promote healthy rake carbohydrate and insulin levels will give you the best find at avoiding diabetes. Read this article in spanish .

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