- water toxemia
- water poisoning
There aren ’ t any firm guidelines about how a lot water can kill you, but drinking more than a liter ( L ) or so per hour for respective hours isn ’ metric ton something doctors recommend.
Read on to learn more about water poisoning, including its symptoms and when it can be dangerous.
What are the symptoms of water intoxication?
Symptoms of water drunkenness tend to start appearing after you consume more than 3 to 4 L of body of water in a few hours. potential symptoms include :
- head pain
- cramping, spasms, or weakness in your muscles
- nausea or vomiting
- drowsiness and fatigue
In more severe cases, water system intoxication can besides cause seizures or loss of consciousness. If a person doesn ’ thyroxine receive treatment, water intoxication can be fatal.
What should I do if I notice symptoms?
If you or person else is showing any signs or symptoms of water intoxication, particularly seizures or sleepiness, it ’ mho best to seek immediate aesculapian care. As fluid builds up in the body, all of its cells, including brain cells, begin to swell. Swelling in the brain can finally lead to coma, seizures, and death if a doctor doesn ’ t treat it promptly. Eating a salty nosh may provide some short-run relief while waiting for aid to arrive .
Make sure it’s not dehydration Water intoxication symptoms can seem identical like to those of dehydration. If you aren ’ t sure which one you ’ ra experience, get immediate avail. Avoid drink or withhold urine until you confirm the underlie lawsuit of your symptoms .
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How much is too much?
There international relations and security network ’ t a set amount of water that always causes dangerous water poisoning. rather, it ’ sulfur best to think in terms of the amount of urine that person drinks per hour. person ’ second age, sex, and overall health can besides play a function. The kidney of a healthy adult can flush out 20 to 28 L of water each day, but they can only get rid of about 1 L each hour. This makes it hard for your kidneys to keep up when you drink more than 1 L per hour. The kidney of older adults and children tend to be less efficient, so the sum of water that they can safely drink per hour might be a spot lower. Water drunkenness can happen more cursorily in children or older adults .
What causes water intoxication?
When you drink besides much body of water, it can cause hyponatremia, which happens when your blood sodium concentration becomes very low. If you drink more water than your kidneys can flush out, it ’ ll dilute the sodium in your bloodstream, causing cells to swell. Most of the report cases of dangerous water poisoning have involved intense forcible activity, such as military train or running a marathon. Others have resulted from excessive water consumption due to an underlie mental health condition or forced consumption as a shape of mistreat. Water intoxication has besides been linked to using the drug MDMA, particularly at music festivals. That ’ second because people in these settings are much dancing for long periods of fourth dimension in hot environments. This, combined with MDMA ’ mho inclination to raise your body temperature, can make you drink a lot of water. While this is good for avoiding dehydration, it can promptly become besides a lot because MDMA besides causes urine retention. This means that you aren ’ metric ton urinating frequently, allowing all that supernumerary fluid to build up in your consistency .
Is it preventable?
If you regularly find yourself drinking a set of water over a curtly period of time, there are a few general rules that can help you debar water poisoning. generally, it ’ mho best to stick with toast water at the first feel of thirst. Once you feel quenched, hold off until you start to feel athirst again. Your urine color can besides be a helpful index. clear urine may be a sign that you ’ re at risk of overdoing it. On its own, unclutter urine international relations and security network ’ t necessarily badly, but it ’ s a thoroughly indicator that you don ’ t need to drink any water system for a while. If you ’ re about to do an intense exercise, consider hydrating with an electrolyte drink that contains sodium, such as a sports beverage.
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The bottom line
While it ’ s potential to die from drinking besides much water, it ’ sulfur rare. You ’ d have to drink a set of water in a short period of time, which most people will have a hard time doing by chance. But if you ’ re an survival athlete or do a batch of arduous physical activity, you could have a higher risk. In these cases, you can normally look to your urine color and hunger horizontal surface to tell you whether you truly need to be drinking extra urine. If you ’ re concerned about your water inhalation, talk to your healthcare provider. They can give you more specific recommendations based on your overall health, size, and early factors .