roughly two-thirds of adults, about 30 % of children are fleshy or corpulent
SEATTLE—The highest symmetry of fleshy and corpulent people – 13 % of the ball-shaped total – live in the United States, a nation which accounts for only 5 % of the world ’ south population, according to a first-of-its-kind analysis of swerve data from 188 countries .
An estimated 160 million Americans are either corpulent or corpulence. about three-quarters of american men and more than 60 % of women are corpulent or fleshy. These are besides major challenges for America ’ s children – closely 30 % of boys and girls under age 20 are either corpulent or fleshy, up from 19 % in 1980 .
Published in The Lancet on May 29, the study, “ Global, regional, and national preponderance of corpulence and fleshiness in children and adults during 1980–2013 : a taxonomic psychoanalysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013, ” was conducted by an external consortium of researchers led by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation ( IHME ) at the University of Washington. Overweight is defined as having a Body Mass Index ( BMI ), or weight-to-height proportion, greater than or equal to 25 and lower than 30, while fleshiness is defined as having a BMI equal to or greater than 30.
The results are besides available in an on-line joyride at hypertext transfer protocol : //vizhub.healthdata.org/obesity .
When looking at fleshiness alone, there are more corpulent adults living in America today – 78 million – than in any other area in the earth. China follows at a distant second with 46 million corpulent and India with 30 million – countries which together represent 15 % of the populace ’ s corpulent population. approximately one-third of american men ( 32 % ) and women ( 34 % ) were corpulent in 2013 compared with about 4 % of Chinese and indian adults .
Among american english children, 13 % were corpulent in 2013, putting the US among the top 15 countries with the greatest fleshiness preponderance in children cosmopolitan. Obesity prevalence among american english children was closely twice what was found among westerly Europeans. The pace of children being overweight but not corpulent reached a point in 2004 and has lento declined, but fleshiness rates have remained at about 13 % since 2003 .
“ The surface in fleshiness among children in the US is specially trouble oneself, ” said Marie Ng, Assistant Professor of Global Health at IHME and the paper ’ s lead author. “ We know that there are severe health effects related to childhood fleshiness, including cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and many cancers. We need to be thinking now about how to turn this drift round. ”
When examining corpulence and fleshiness trends across North America, more american men and women were found to be corpulent or fleshy than Canadians. The prevalence of being either corpulent or fleshy among american men ( 71 % ) was higher than among canadian men ( 65 % ), and higher in american women ( 62 % vs. 49 % ). When compared with mexican men ( 67 % ), American men had slightly higher rates of being either corpulent or corpulence. however, more mexican women ( 71 % ) were corpulent or corpulence than american women .
In the US the greatest prevalence of fleshiness and fleshy was found among men aged 50 to 54 ( 80 % ) and women aged 60 to 64 ( 73 % ). Among Americans under age 20, the greatest preponderance in being fleshy or corpulent was found among children ages 10 to 14, with boys at 38 % and girls at 37 % .
“ Being overweight or flush corpulent is a growing, unbridled trouble in the US nowadays, ” said Dr. Ali Mokdad, Professor of Global Health at IHME. “ We are looking at a major populace health epidemic that must be stopped. ”
Over the course of the 33-year study, the prevalence of fleshy and fleshiness in adults in the US and Canada – the highest-income countries in North America – rose from 50 % to 65 %, achieving the highest preponderance observed in all of the GBD regions examined. For children, the prevalence of corpulence and fleshiness in Canada and the US combined rose substantially, from 19 % to about 29 % over the study period.
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“ Obesity is an consequence affecting people of all ages and incomes, everywhere, ” said Dr. Christopher Murray, director of IHME and a co-founder of the Global Burden of Disease ( GBD ) discipline. “ In the last three decades, not one nation has achieved success in reducing fleshiness rates, and we expect fleshiness to rise steadily as incomes rise in low- and middle-income countries in detail, unless pressing steps are taken to address this public health crisis. ”
globally, while the percentage of people worldwide who are either corpulence or corpulent has risen substantially over the death 30 years, there have been marked variations across regions and countries. In developed countries, increases in fleshiness that began in the 1980s and accelerated from 1992 to 2002 have slowed since 2006. conversely, in developing countries, where about two-thirds of the worldly concern ’ s corpulent people presently live, increases are likely to continue .
between 1980 and 2013, the prevalence of overweight/obese children and adolescents increased by closely 50 %. In 2013, more than 22 % of girls and closely 24 % of boys living in evolve countries were found to be fleshy or corpulent. Rates are besides on the surface among children and adolescents in the develop universe, where closely 13 % of boys and more than 13 % of girls are fleshy or corpulent. particularly high rates of child and adolescent fleshiness were seen in Middle Eastern and north african countries, notably among girls .
- More than 50% of the world’s 671 million obese live in 10 countries (ranked beginning with the countries with the most obese people): US, China, India, Russia, Brazil, Mexico, Egypt, Germany, Pakistan, and Indonesia.
- In high-income countries, some of the greatest increases in adult obesity have been in the US, Australia (where nearly 30% of men and women are obese), and the UK (where around a quarter of the adult population is obese).
- Today, 2.1 billion people – nearly one-third of the world’s population – are overweight or obese. The number of overweight and obese individuals in the world has increased from 857 million (20%) in 1980 to 2.1 billion (30%) in 2013.
- From 1980 to 2013, the prevalence of overweight and obesity in children increased by nearly 50%.
Health risks such as cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes, osteoarthritis, and chronic kidney disease increase when a person ’ south BMI exceeds 23. In 2010, fleshiness and corpulence were estimated to have caused 3.4 million deaths globally, most of which were from cardiovascular causes. Research indicates that if left unaddressed, the rise in fleshiness could lead to future declines in life anticipation in countries worldwide .
Download the study at hypertext transfer protocol : //www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736 ( 14 ) 60460-8/abstract
The on-line data visual image tool is available at hypertext transfer protocol : //vizhub.healthdata.org/obesity
The Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) is an mugwump global health research constitution at the University of Washington that provides rigorous and comparable measurement of the universe ’ s most authoritative health problems and evaluates the strategies used to address them. IHME makes this information wide available then that policymakers have the attest they need to make inform decisions about how to allocate resources to best better population health.
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William Heisel, IHME
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Mala Persaud, GMMB
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