How do erections work, and how long should they last?

An erection is a stiffen of the penis when the soft tissues inside it fill with blood. It occurs most frequently during sexual arousal but can sometimes besides happen randomly. How hanker an erection lasts varies among individuals, and many factors can affect it. The duration of an erection, a well as its timbre, can vary based on physical and psychological factors, including historic period, stress, health conditions, and medications. In this article, we discuss how erections work, what factors affect them, and approximately how hanker an erection should typically last.

How erections work 

a man and woman looking at each other lovingly in bed as they think about how long can the average man stay erect share on PinterestA number of factors can affect how long a person can stay erect. An erection occurs when the blood flow to the penis increases, causing it to change form and size. There are three stages to an erecting :

  • Soft or flaccid penis: This is the penis’s “normal” state, and it occurs when there is no sexual arousal or stimulation via sight, touch, or fantasizing. During this phase, blood flow to and from the penis is equal.
  • Swollen penis: Sexual stimulation causes the brain and nerves to change the blood vessels and other tissue of the penis so that more blood flows into the penis than flows out. The penis starts to swell during this phase.
  • Erect penis: The penis becomes erect as visual, imaginary, or touch stimulation continues. The brain and nerves continue to send more blood to the penis and restrict blood flow from it. The penis becomes fully erect, allowing manual stimulation or vaginal, anal, or oral sex to occur.

A variety show of physical or psychological issues can prevent an erecting from occurring or survive long enough for sexual natural process. It is besides potential that the penis will become rear for no acknowledge reason. An erection can occur at awkward times during the day. In these cases, a person can take certain steps, such as readjusting their pants or shirt, to hide the erection and try taking their thinker off their penis. If these steps fail, they can visit the toilet until the erection passes.

How long should sex and erections last? 

There is no universal put time for the length of sexual activities or how long a penis should remain erect. typically, an average erection may last from a few minutes to roughly half an hour. however, this can vary significantly ascribable to the many factors that can affect erection duration. It is besides worth noting that a person does not need an erecting to achieve orgasm. People may worry that they are on either end of the spectrum and that their erection lasts either besides farseeing or not long adequate. In some cases, a person may have trouble getting an erecting, having a firm erection, or maintaining one long enough for satisfactory sex. physical or psychological factors can contribute to erectile dysfunction ( ED ) or previous ejaculation ( PE ). In early cases, a person may have a drawn-out erecting unrelated to sexual natural process or interest, which is known as priapism. Medications, drugs, and injury can cause priapism, which can be a good condition due to the risk of permanent wave tissue damage.

Factors that affect erections

A kind of factors can temporarily cause erection problems. These include :

  • fatigue
  • alcohol or recreational drug use
  • distractions
  • feelings of self-consciousness
  • tension
  • being uncomfortable with a partner

In addition to impermanent causes of erection worry, medical issues can besides cause short- or long-run ED. For exercise, after receiving discussion for prostate gland cancer, some people may develop ED. however, it is still possible for these individuals to regain full intimate serve .

Erectile dysfunction

ED affects deoxyadenosine monophosphate many as 30 million people with a penis. ED occurs when a person is unable to get or keep an erection retentive adequate for sexual natural process. According to the Urology Care Foundation, ED occurs when erection troubles are an ongoing write out. several factors, such as tension or relationship issues, can worsen ED. Some coarse causes of ED include :

  • age over 50 years
  • high blood pressure or blood sugar levels
  • smoking
  • cardiovascular issues
  • obesity
  • lack of exercise
  • high cholesterol levels
  • recreational drug or alcohol use

several treatments are available for ED, including medications, physical interventions, and, potentially, surgery .

Premature ejaculation

PE is a form of sexual dysfunction that may prevent people from having satisfactory arouse. diverse factors can cause PE. These include psychological causes, such as anxiety or inexperience, and medical causes, such as drug use or health conditions. PE may resolve by itself, or it may require treatment options that will vary ascribable to the underlying causal agent. These can include therapy, topical drugs, or using different sexual methods .


priapism is a prolong erection unrelated to sexual arousal that is besides frequently irritating. Certain medications, such as ED drugs, blood thinners, antidepressants, and some blood blackmail drugs, can cause priapism. It is important for person who has had an erecting for 4 hours or more to seek immediate emergency caution. Tissue damage can begin 4–6 hours after erection attack. Any price to the sensible penile tissue may be permanent and nonreversible. Treatments to help reduce a prolong erection admit :

  • medication to decrease blood flow
  • aspiration to drain blood from the penis
  • surgery to restore normal blood flow to the penis

When to see a doctor

In some cases, a person may not need to see their doctor for erection troubles. Temporary problems, such as stress or relationship issues, may cause erecting difficulties but do not necessarily require a visit to the doctor. however, a person should talk to their doctor if they frequently have an issue with achieving an erecting. Their repair may be able to help them identify a root lawsuit, such as medication or aroused issues. The doctor can besides provide discussion to help the person get an erection. If a person has a elongated erecting that is unrelated to sexual activity and lasts more than a few hours, they should seek immediate aesculapian aid.


Erections are normally necessary for many types of intimate action involving a person with a penis. Erections typically start during arousal and normally go away when arousal stops or following ejaculation.

Read more: ED

Factors such as stress, alcohol, and medicine can affect a person ’ mho ability to achieve and maintain an erection. If a person has continual disturb with getting an erection, they should talk to their doctor because they may have ED. A person should besides see their doctor if they have an erecting that lasts a lot longer than the intimate activeness. priapism can result in permanent damage if a person does not receive treatment .

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