Kidney Stones: Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment

once your health care supplier finds out why you are forming stones, he or she will give you tips on how to prevent them. This may include changing your diet and taking sealed medications. There is no “ one-size-fits-all ” diet for preventing kidney stones. Everyone is different. Your diet may not be causing your stones to form. But there are dietary changes that you can make to stop stones from continuing to form .

Diet Changes

Drink enough fluids each day.

If you are not producing enough urine, your health care supplier will recommend you drink at least 3 liters of liquid each day. This equals about 3 quarts ( about ten 10-ounce glasses ). This is a big way to lower your risk of forming modern stones. Remember to drink more to replace fluids lost when you sweat from use or in hot upwind. All fluids count toward your fluid intake. But it ‘s best to drink largely no-calorie or low-calorie drinks. This may mean limiting sugar-sweetened or alcoholic drinks. Knowing how a lot you drink during the day can help you understand how much you need to drink to produce 2.5 liters of urine. Use a family measuring cup to measure how much fluent you drink for a day or two. Drink from bottles or cans with the fluid ounces listed on the pronounce. Keep a log, and add up the ounces at the end of the day or 24-hour menstruation. Use this entire to be certain you are reaching your daily target urine total of at least 85 ounces ( 2.5 liters ) of urine daily. Health wish providers recommend people who form cystine stones drink more liquid than early stone formers. normally 4 liters of liquid is advised to reduce cystine levels in your urine.

Reduce the amount of salt in your diet.

This tip is for people with eminent sodium inhalation and high urine calcium or cystine. sodium can cause both urine calcium and cystine to be excessively high. Your health wish provider may advise you to avoid foods that have a distribute of salt. The Centers for Disease Control ( CDC ) and other health groups advise not eating more than 2,300 milligram of salt per day. The follow foods are high in salt and should be eaten in temperance :

  • Cheese (all types)
  • Most frozen foods and meats, including salty cured meats, deli meats (cold cuts), hot dogs, bratwurst and sausages
  • Canned soups and vegetables
  • Breads, bagels, rolls and baked goods
  • Salty snacks, like chips and pretzels
  • Bottled salad dressings and certain breakfast cereals
  • Pickles and olives
  • Casseroles, other “mixed” foods, pizza and lasagna
  • Canned and bottled sauces
  • Certain condiments, table salt and some spice blends
Eat the recommended amount of calcium.

If you take calcium supplements, make sure you are n’t getting excessively much calcium. On the other hand make sure you are n’t getting excessively little calcium either. lecture with your health care provider or dietician about whether you need supplements. good sources of calcium to choose from often are those low in salt. Eating calcium-rich foods or beverages with meals every day is a good habit. There are many non-dairy sources of calcium, such as calcium-fortified non-dairy milks. There are full choices, particularly if you avoid dairy. You can normally get enough calcium from your diet without supplements if you eat three-to-four servings of calcium-rich food. many foods and beverages have calcium in them. Some foods and beverages that might be easy to include on a casual basis with meals are :

Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables.

Eating at least five servings of fruits and vegetables daily is recommended for all people who form kidney stones. Eating fruits and vegetables give you potassium, fiber, magnesium, antioxidants, phytate and citrate, all of which may help keep stones from forming. A serve means one objet d’art of fruit or one potato or one cup of naked vegetables. For cook vegetables, a serve is ½ cup. If you are disquieted you may not be eating the mighty amount of fruits and vegetables, lecture to your health worry provider about what will be best for you .

Eat foods with low oxalate levels.

This recommendation is for patients with high gear urine oxalate. Eating calcium-rich foods ( see table above ) with meals can frequently control the oxalate floor in your urine. urinary oxalate is controlled because eating calcium lowers the oxalate tied in your body. But if doing that does not control your urine oxalate, you may be asked to eat less of certain high-oxalate foods. about all plant foods have oxalate, but a few foods contain a lot of it. These include spinach, rhubarb and almonds. It is normally not necessary to wholly stop eating foods that contain oxalate. This needs to be determined individually and depends on why your oxalate levels are high in the first invest.

Eat less meat.

If you make cystine or calcium oxalate stones and your urine uric acid is high gear, your health care supplier may tell you to eat less animal protein. If your health care provider thinks your diet is increasing your risk for stones, he or she will tell you to eat less kernel, fish, seafood, domestic fowl, pork, lamb, mouton and game meat than you eat now. This might mean eating these foods once or twice quite than two or three times a day, fewer times during the week, or eating smaller portions when you do eat them. The amount to limit depends on how much you eat now and how much your diet is affecting your uric acerb levels .


Changing your diet and increasing fluids may not be enough to prevent stones from forming. Your health worry provider may give you medications to take to help with this. The type of pit and the urine abnormalities you have will help your health caution supplier decide if you need medicine and which medicate is best. common medications include :

Thiazide diuretics

are for patients who have calcium stones and high levels of calcium in their urine. Thiazides lower urine calcium by helping the kidney take calcium out of the urine and put it back in the rake stream. When taking thiazides, you need to limit how much salt you take in, as these medications work well when urine sodium is first gear .

Potassium citrate

is for patients with calcium stones and humble urinary citrate, and for those with uric acid and cystine stones. potassium citrate makes the urine less acidic or more alkaline ( basic ). This helps prevent cystine and uric acidic stones. It besides raises the citrate level in the urine, helping to prevent calcium stones .


is frequently prescribed for gout, which is caused by high uric acid in the blood. Allopurinol not only lowers the flat of uric acid in the blood but besides in the urine, so it may besides be prescribed to help prevent calcium and uric acid stones.

Acetohydroxamic acid (AHA)

is for patients who produce struvite or infection stones. These stones human body because of repeat urinary nerve pathway infections ( UTI ). AHA makes the urine unfavorable for struvite stones to form. The best way to prevent stuvite stones is to prevent repeat UTIs caused by specific types of bacteria and to completely remove the stones with operating room .

Cystine-binding thiol drugs

are used lone for patients who form cystine stones. These medications ( d-penicillamine or tiopronin ) bind to cystine in the urine and form a compound that is less likely than cystine to crystallize in the urine. This drug is used when early measures fail, such as raising fluent intake, reducing salt inhalation or using potassium citrate .

Vitamin supplements

should be used carefully as some can increase your risk of forming kidney stones. Your health care provider and a dietician may be good sources of data about nonprescription nutritional supplements .

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