Having excessively much sugar in the blood for long periods of time can cause serious health problems if it ‘s not treated. Hyperglycemia can damage the vessels that supply blood to vital organs, which can increase the gamble of affection disease and stroke, kidney disease, imagination problems, and nerve problems. These problems do n’t normally show up in kids or teens who have had the disease for only a few years. But they can happen in adulthood in some people with diabetes, peculiarly if they have n’t managed or controlled their diabetes well. Hyperglycemia ( pronounced : hi-per-gly-SEE-me-uh ) is the medical password for high blood boodle levels. High rake sugar levels happen when the soundbox either ca n’t make insulin ( type 1 diabetes ) or ca n’t respond to insulin by rights ( type 2 diabetes ). The torso needs insulin so glucose in the rake can enter the cells of the body where it can be used for energy. In people who have developed diabetes, glucose builds up in the blood, resulting in hyperglycemia. is the come of glucose in the blood. Glucose is a boodle that comes from the foods we eat, and it ‘s besides formed and stored inside the body. It ‘s the main reference of energy for the cells of our soundbox, and it ‘s carried to each cell through the bloodstream. If you have diabetes, you know that controlling lineage sugar levels ( or blood glucose levels ) is crucial. You have to keep your levels steady. Having a blood sugar level that ‘s excessively high can make you feel icky, and having it frequently can be insalubrious. Do n’t worry besides much if you get a high rake carbohydrate reading occasionally. But if you have systematically high blood sugar levels, you should talk to your doctor about it .
What Is Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA)?
When the torso does n’t have adequate insulin, glucose stays in the rake and ca n’t get into the body ‘s cells to be used for energy. This can happen, for exercise, when person skips doses of insulin or when the indigence for insulin suddenly increases ( like when a person is nauseated with the influenza ) and the doses are not adjusted .
When the body ca n’t use glucose for fuel, it starts to use fat. When this happens, chemicals called ketones are released into the rake. Some of these ketones, like extra glucose, pass out of the body through the urine .
high levels of ketones in the blood can be a trouble because they cause the blood to become acidic. besides much acid in the blood throws off the body ‘s chemical balance and causes the symptoms listed below. In people with diabetes, this problem is called diabetic
ketoacidosis ( pronounced : kee-toe-as-ih-DOE-siss ), or DKA. DKA is a very serious condition that can lead to coma or death if it ‘s not treated. The good news, though, is that it ‘s preventable and can be treated .
DKA happens more much in people with character 1 diabetes, but can sometimes besides happen to those with type 2 diabetes.
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What Are the Signs & Symptoms of DKA?
The symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis normally do n’t develop all at once — they normally come on lento over several hours. People who have DKA may :
- feel really tired
- feel really thirsty or pee way more than usual
- have a dry mouth and signs of dehydration
These symptoms are caused by the high blood sugar levels that normally happen before person develops DKA. If the person does n’t get treatment, these signs of DKA can happen :
- abdominal pain
- nausea and/or vomiting
- fruity breath odor
- rapid, deep breathing
- unconsciousness (“diabetic coma”)
Checking for DKA
How do you know if you have DKA ? Because the signs and symptoms of DKA can seem like the influenza, it ‘s important to check blood carbohydrate levels and urine ( or blood ) ketones when you ‘re nauseated or if you think you ‘re having symptoms of DKA .
Because high levels of ketones appear in the urine ( ampere well as the rake ), ketones can be checked at dwelling by testing a sample distribution of your peeing. If the urine test for ketones is negative, it normally means your symptoms are not due to DKA .
Follow your diabetes management plan about when to check for ketones and what to do if the trial is positive. In some cases, your diabetes management team may besides have you use special blood test strips to check ketone levels in your blood excessively .
How Is DKA Treated?
DKA is very dangerous, but it can be treated if you go to the doctor or hospital correct away. To feel good, a person with DKA needs to get insulin and fluids through a tube that goes into a vein in the body ( an IV ) .
Let your parents or person on your diabetes health caution team know if you have any of these symptoms or are sick and do n’t know what to do to take wish of your diabetes .
Always wear a medical identification watchband or necklace that says you have diabetes. then, if you are not feeling well, whoever ‘s helping you will know to call for aesculapian help. medical identification can besides include your doctor ‘s call number or a rear ‘s call number.
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Avoiding High Blood Sugar and DKA
No matter how well they take wish of themselves, people with diabetes will sometimes have high blood boodle levels. But the best room to avoid problems is to keep your lineage carbohydrate levels as close to your craved range as possible, which means following your diabetes management plan. Checking your blood carbohydrate levels respective times a day will let you know when your blood carbohydrate level is high. then you can treat it and help prevent DKA from happening .
high blood sugar levels do n’t constantly cause symptoms, and a person who is n’t testing regularly might be having rake sugar levels high enough to damage the body without even realizing it. Doctors may use the HbA1c trial to find out if person has been having high blood carbohydrate levels over meter, even if the person has not had obvious symptoms .
here are some other tips for avoiding high rake sugar levels and preventing DKA :
- Try to eat all your meals and snacks on time and not skip any.
- Take the right amount of insulin.
- Check your blood sugar levels regularly and your ketone levels when your diabetes management plan recommends it.
- Stick to your diabetes management plan.