Hepatitis A – Symptoms and causes

Overview

hepatitis A is a highly catching liver-colored infection caused by the hepatitis A virus. The virus is one of respective types of hepatitis viruses that cause excitement and affect your liver ‘s ability to function .
You ‘re most probable to get hepatitis A from contaminated food or water or from close contact with a person or object that ‘s infected. Mild cases of hepatitis A do n’t require treatment. Most people who are infected recover wholly with no permanent liver damage .
Practicing full hygiene, including washing hands frequently, is one of the best ways to protect against hepatitis A. Vaccines are available for people most at risk.

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Symptoms

Hepatitis A signs and symptoms typically do n’t appear until you ‘ve had the virus for a few weeks. But not everyone with hepatitis A develops them. If you do, hepatitis signs and symptoms can include :

  • Fatigue
  • Sudden nausea and vomiting
  • Abdominal pain or discomfort, especially on the upper right side beneath your lower ribs (by your liver)
  • Clay-colored bowel movements
  • Loss of appetite
  • Low-grade fever
  • Dark urine
  • Joint pain
  • Yellowing of the skin and the whites of your eyes (jaundice)
  • Intense itching

These symptoms may be relatively mild and go aside in a few weeks. sometimes, however, hepatitis A infection results in a hard illness that lasts several months .

When to see a doctor

Make an appointee with your sophisticate if you have signs or symptoms of hepatitis A .
Getting a hepatitis A vaccine or an injection of immunoglobulin ( an antibody ) within two weeks of exposure to hepatitis A may protect you from infection. Ask your doctor or your local anesthetic health department about receiving the hepatitis A vaccine if :

  • You’ve traveled out of the country recently, particularly to Mexico or South or Central America, or to areas with poor sanitation
  • A restaurant where you recently ate reports a hepatitis A outbreak
  • Someone close to you, such as a roommate or caregiver, is diagnosed with hepatitis A
  • You recently had sexual contact with someone who has hepatitis A

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Causes

hepatitis A is caused by a virus that infects liver cells and causes ignition. The excitement can affect how your liver works and cause other signs and symptoms of hepatitis A .
The virus most normally spreads when you eat or drink something contaminated with faecal matter, even barely bantam amounts. It does not spread through sneeze or cough .
here are some of the specific ways the hepatitis A virus can spread :

  • Eating food handled by someone with the virus who doesn’t thoroughly wash his or her hands after using the toilet
  • Drinking contaminated water
  • Eating raw shellfish from water polluted with sewage
  • Being in close contact with a person who’s infected — even if that person has no signs or symptoms
  • Having sex with someone who has the virus

Risk factors

You ‘re at increase hazard of hepatitis A if you :

  • Travel or work in areas of the world where hepatitis A is common
  • Attend child care or work in a child care center
  • Live with another person who has hepatitis A
  • Are a man who has sexual contact with other men
  • Have any type of sexual contact with someone who has hepatitis A
  • Are HIV positive
  • Are experiencing homelessness
  • Have a clotting-factor disorder, such as hemophilia
  • Use any type of illegal drugs (not just those that are injected)

Complications

Unlike other types of viral hepatitis, hepatitis A does not cause long-run liver damage, and it does n’t become chronic .
In rare cases, hepatitis A can cause a sudden personnel casualty of liver function, specially in older adults or people with chronic liver diseases. Acute liver-colored failure requires a stay in the hospital for monitoring and treatment. Some people with acute liver failure may need a liver transplant .

Prevention

The hepatitis A vaccine can prevent infection with the virus. The vaccine is typically given in two shots. The first one is followed by a booster shoot six months late .
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends a hepatitis A vaccine for the follow people :

  • All children at age 1, or older children who didn’t receive the childhood vaccine
  • Anyone age 1 year or older who is experiencing homelessness
  • Infants ages 6 to 11 months traveling internationally
  • Family and caregivers of adoptees from countries where hepatitis A is common
  • People in direct contact with others who have hepatitis A
  • Laboratory workers who may come in contact with hepatitis A
  • Men who have sex with men
  • People who work or travel in parts of the world where hepatitis A is common
  • People who use any type of illicit drugs, not just injected ones
  • People with clotting-factor disorders
  • People with chronic liver disease, including hepatitis B or hepatitis C
  • Anyone wishing to obtain protection (immunity)

If you ‘re concerned about your gamble of hepatitis A, ask your doctor if you should be vaccinated .

Follow safety precautions when traveling

If you ‘re traveling to parts of the world where hepatitis A outbreak happen, take these steps to prevent infection :

  • Peel and wash all fresh fruits and vegetables yourself.
  • Don’t eat raw or undercooked meat and fish.
  • Drink bottled water and use it when brushing your teeth.
  • Avoid all beverages of unknown purity, with or without ice.
  • If bottled water isn’t available, boil tap water before drinking it.

Practice good hygiene

thoroughly wash your hands much, specially after using the toilet or changing a diaper and before preparing food or feed .

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