Nutrition and Weight Status | Healthy People 2020

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Nutrition and Weight Status Midcourse Review Data
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Check out our synergistic infographic to see build up toward the Nutrition and Weight Status objectives and other Healthy People topic areas .


Promote health and reduce chronic disease risk through the consumption of sanitary diets and accomplishment and sustenance of healthy soundbox weights .


The Nutrition and Weight Status objectives for Healthy People 2020 reflect strong skill supporting the health benefits of eating a sanitary diet and maintaining a healthy soundbox system of weights. The objectives besides emphasize that efforts to change diet and weight should address individual behaviors, american samoa well as the policies and environments that support these behaviors in settings such as schools, worksites, health worry organizations, and communities .
The goal of promoting healthful diets and healthy weight encompasses increasing family food security and eliminating starve .
Americans with a healthful diet :

  • Consume a variety of nutrient-dense foods within and across the food groups, especially whole grains, fruits, vegetables, low-fat or fat-free milk or milk products, and lean meats and other protein sources.
  • Limit the intake of saturated and trans fats, cholesterol, added sugars, sodium (salt), and alcohol.
  • Limit caloric intake to meet caloric needs.1

All Americans should avoid insalubrious weight gain, and those whose system of weights is excessively high may besides need to lose weight. 2

Why Are Nutrition and Weight Status Important?

Diet and body weight are related to health condition. full nutrition is important to the growth and development of children. A healthful diet besides helps Americans reduce their risks for many health conditions, 1 including :

  • Overweight and obesity
  • Malnutrition
  • Iron-deficiency anemia
  • Heart disease
  • High blood pressure
  • Dyslipidemia (poor lipid profiles)
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Osteoporosis
  • Oral disease
  • Constipation
  • Diverticular disease
  • Some cancers

Individuals who are at a healthy weight are less likely to :

  • Develop chronic disease risk factors, such as high blood pressure and dyslipidemia.
  • Develop chronic diseases, such as type 2 diabetes, heart disease, osteoarthritis, and some cancers.
  • Experience complications during pregnancy.
  • Die at an earlier age.2, 3, 4, 5

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Understanding Nutrition and Weight Status


Diet reflects the variety show of foods and beverages consumed over time and in settings such as worksites, schools, restaurants, and the home. Interventions to support a healthier diet can help ensure that :

  • Individuals have the knowledge and skills to make healthier choices.
  • Healthier options are available and affordable.

Social Determinants of Diet

demographic characteristics of those with a more sanitary diet change with the nutrient or food studied. however, most Americans need to improve some expression of their diet. 6, 7
Social factors thought to influence diet admit :

  • Knowledge and attitudes
  • Skills
  • Social support
  • Societal and cultural norms
  • Food and agricultural policies
  • Food assistance programs
  • Economic price systems8

Physical Determinants of Diet

access to and handiness of healthier foods can help people follow sanitary diets. For example, better access to retail venues that sell healthier options may have a positive impact on a person ’ south diet ; these venues may be less available in low-income or rural neighborhoods. 9
The places where people eat appear to influence their diet. For exemplar, foods eaten off from family often have more calories and are of lower nutritional timbre than foods prepared at home. 10
commercialize besides influences people ’ s—particularly children ’ s—food choices. 11


Because weight is influenced by energy ( calories ) consumed and expended, interventions to improve slant can support changes in diet or physical activity. They can help change individuals ’ cognition and skills, reduce photograph to foods moo in nutritional measure and high in calories, or increase opportunities for physical activity. 3, 12, 13 Interventions can help prevent unhealthy weight gain or facilitate slant loss among corpulent people. They can be delivered in multiple settings, including health care settings, 2, 14, 15, 16 worksites, 17 or schools. 12, 18, 19

Social and Physical Determinants of Weight

The social and physical factors affecting diet and physical activeness ( see Physical Activity topic sphere ) may besides have an impingement on weight .
fleshiness is a problem throughout the population. however, among adults, the prevalence is highest for middle-aged people and for non-Hispanic black and mexican american women. 20 Among children and adolescents, the prevalence of fleshiness is highest among older and mexican American children and non-Hispanic black girls. 21 The association of income with fleshiness varies by long time, gender, and race/ethnicity. 22

Emerging Issues in Nutrition and Weight Status

As fresh and advanced policy and environmental interventions to support diet and physical activeness are implemented, it will be important to identify which are most effective. A better understand of how to prevent unhealthy burden acquire is besides needed.


1 US Department of Health and Human Services and US Department of Agriculture ( USDA ). Dietary guidelines for Americans, 2005. 6th erectile dysfunction. Washington : uranium Government Printing Office, 2005 Jan .
2 National Institutes of Health ( NIH ) ; National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute and National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. Clinical guidelines on the designation, evaluation, and treatment of corpulence and fleshiness in adults : The evidence report. Bethesda, MD : NIH ; 1998 .
3 World Health Organization ( WHO ). fleshiness : prevent and managing the global epidemic. Geneva : WHO ; 1999 .
4 Dietz WH. Health consequences of fleshiness in young person : Childhood predictors of adult disease. Pediatrics. 1998 ; 101:518-24 .
5 Must A, Strauss RS. Risks and consequences of childhood and adolescent fleshiness. Int J Obes. 1999 ; 23 : S2-S11 .
6 US Department of Agriculture ( USDA ), Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion. Diet choice of low-income and higher-income Americans in 2003–04 as measured by the Healthy Eating Index, 2005. Nutrition Insight, 2008 December, no. 42 .
7 healthy People 2010 midcourse review [ Internet ]. Washington : Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion ; 2007. available from : hypertext transfer protocol : //
8 Story M, Kaphingst KM, Robinson-O ’ Brien R, et alabama. Creating goodly food and eat environments : policy and environmental approaches. Annu Rev Public Health. 2008 ; 29:253-72 .
9 Larson NI, Story MT, Nelson MC. region environments : Disparities in access to goodly foods in the US. Am J Prev Med. 2009 Jan ; 36 ( 1 ) :74-81 .
10 Guthrie JF, Lin BH, Frazao E. Role of food prepared away from home in the american diet, 1977–78 versus 1994–96 : Changes and consequences. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2002 May–Jun ; 34 ( 3 ) :140-50 .
11 Institute of Medicine. Food commercialize to children and young person. McGinnis JM, Gootman J, Kraak VI, editors. Washington : National Academies Press ; 2006 .
12 Institute of Medicine. Preventing childhood fleshiness : Health in the balance. Koplan JP, Liverman CT, Kraak VI, editors. Washington : National Academies Press ; 2005 .
13 US Department of Health and Human Services ( HHS ), Public Health Service, Office of the Surgeon General. The Surgeon General ’ s vision for a goodly and fit nation. Rockville, MD : HHS, 2010 Jan .
14 US Preventive Services Task Force. Screening for fleshiness in adults : Recommendations and rationale. Ann Intern Med. 2003 Dec 2 ; 139 ( 11 ) :930-2 .
15 US Preventive Services Task Force, Barton M. Screening for fleshiness in children and adolescents : US Preventive Services Task Force recommendation statement. Pediatrics. 2010 Feb ; 125 ( 2 ) :361-7 .
16 Barlow SE ; Expert Committee. Expert committee recommendations regarding the prevention, appraisal, and treatment of child and adolescent corpulence and fleshiness : drumhead report. Pediatrics. 2007 Dec ; 120 ( suppl 4 ) : S164-92 .
17 Anderson LM, Quinn TA, Glanz K, et aluminum. The potency of worksite nutrition and physical bodily process interventions for controlling employee fleshy and fleshiness : A systematic review. Am J Prev Med. 2009 Oct ; 37 ( 4 ) :340-57. Review. Erratum in : Am J Prev Med. 2010 Jul ; 39 ( 1 ) :104 .
18 Summerbell CD, Waters E, Edmunds LD, et alabama. Interventions for preventing fleshiness in children. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2005 Jul 20 ; ( 3 ) : CD001871. Review .
19 Wechsler H, McKenna ML, Lee SM, et aluminum. The role of schools in preventing childhood fleshiness. State Educ Standard. 2004 Dec ; 5:4-12 .
20 Flegal KM, Carroll MD, Ogden CL, et aluminum. preponderance and trends in fleshiness among US adults, 1999–2008. JAMA. 2010 Jan 20 ; 303 ( 3 ) :235-41.

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21 Ogden CL, Carroll MD, Curtin LR, et aluminum. prevalence of high torso bulk index in US children and adolescents, 2007–2008. JAMA. 2010 Jan 20 ; 303 ( 3 ) :242-9 .
22 Ogden CL, Yanovski SZ, Carroll MD, et aluminum. The epidemiology of fleshiness. Gastroenterology. 2007 May ; 132 ( 6 ) :2087-102. Review .
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