Impact of Lifestyle on Health

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Introduction

Lifestyle is a way used by people, groups and nations and is formed in particular geographic, economic, political, cultural and religious text. Lifestyle is referred to the characteristics of inhabitants of a region in special time and place. It includes day to day behaviors and functions of individuals in job, activities, playfulness and diet. In holocene decades, life manner as an important factor of health is more concerned by researchers. According to WHO, 60 % of refer factors to individual health and quality of life are correlated to lifestyle ( 1 ). Millions of people follow an unhealthy life style. Hence, they encounter illness, disability and even death. Problems like metabolic diseases, articulation and bony problems, cardio-vascular diseases, high blood pressure, corpulence, violence and so on, can be caused by an unhealthy life style. The relationship of life style and health should be highly considered. today, wide changes have occurred in life of all people. Malnutrition, unhealthy diet, fume, alcohol consume, drug abuse, stress and so on, are the presentations of unhealthy life manner that they are used as dominant form of life style. Besides, the lives of citizens face with new challenges. For example, emerging new technologies within IT such as the internet and virtual communication networks, lead our world to a major challenge that threatens the forcible and mental health of individuals. The challenge is the overexploitation and misapply of the technology.

consequently, according to the existing studies, it can be said that : life style has a significant determine on physical and genial health of human being. There are unlike forms of such influences. Consanguinity in some ethnicity is a prevailing form of life stylus that it leads to the familial disorders. reformation of this insalubrious life style is a prevent factor for decreasing the rate of genic diseases ( 2 ). In some countries, the overuse of drugs is a major insalubrious animation stylus. Iran is one of the 20 countries using the most medications. They prefer medicine to early intervention. furthermore, in 15–40 % of cases they use medications about without prescription ( 3 ). pain relievers, eye drops and antibiotics have the most usage in Iran. While self-medications such as antibiotics have a negative effect on the immune system, if the individual would be affected by infection, antibiotics will not be effective in discussion. Overall, 10 percentage of those who are self-medicated will experience hard complications such as drug resistance. sometimes drug allergy is so severe that it can cause death ( 4 ). finally, variables of life style that influence on health can be categorized in some items :

  1. Diet and Body Mass Index (BMI) : Diet is the greatest factor in life style and has a direct and positivist sexual intercourse with health. Poor diet and its consequences like fleshiness is the common healthy problem in urban societies. insalubrious life style can be measured by BMI. Urban life style leads to the nutriment problems like using fast foods and poor foods, increasing problems like cardiovascular ( 5 ) .
  2. Exercise: For treating general health problems, the exercise is included in animation style ( 6 ). The continuous drill along with a healthy diet increases the health. Some studies stress on the relation of active life style with happiness ( 7, 8 ) .
  3. Sleep: One of the bases of goodly life is the sleep. Sleep can not be apart from life. sleep disorders have several social, psychological, economic and healthy consequences. Lifestyle may effect on sleep and sleep has a net influence on mental and physical health ( 9 ).
  4. Sexual behavior: Normal sexual activity relative is necessity in goodly life. dysfunction of sex relation is the problem of most of societies and it has a significant effect on mental and physical health. It can be said that dysfunctional sex relation back may result in assorted kin problems or sex relate illnesses like ; AIDS
  5. Substance abuse: Addiction is considered as an insalubrious life style. smoke and using other substance may result in respective problems ; cardiovascular disease, asthma, cancer, mind wound. According to the resent studies in Iran, 43 % of females and 64 % of males experience the use of hookah ( 10 ). A longitudinal study shows that 30 % of people between 18–65 years old smoke cigarette permanently ( 11 ) .
  6. Medication abuse: It is a park phase of using medication in Iran and it is considered as an unhealthy life vogue. unhealthy behaviors in using medicine are as keep up : self-treatment, sharing medication, using medications without prescription, prescribing besides many drugs, prescribing the large number of each drug, unnecessary drugs, regretful handwriting in prescription, disregard to the contradictory drugs, disregard to harmful effects of drugs, not explaining the effects of drugs .
  7. Application of modern technologies: Advanced engineering facilitates the life sentence of human beings. Misuse of engineering may result in unpleasant consequences. For exemplar, using of calculator and early devices up to midnight, may impression on the design of rest and it may disturb sleep. addiction to use fluid earphone is related to depression symptoms ( 12 ).
  8. Recreation: Leisure guide clock is a substitute factor of animation dash. Neglecting leisure can bring negative consequences. With disorganize design and unhealthy leisure, people endanger their health .
  9. Study: Study is the exercise of person. Placing survey as a factor in life style may lead to more physical and mental health. For exercise, prevalence of dementia, such as Alzheimer ‘s disease is lowerin educated people. Study could slow procedure of dementia .

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