Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Overview

Hashimoto ’ sulfur thyroiditis, besides known as Hashimoto ’ south disease, damages your thyroid gland function. It ’ sulfur besides called chronic autoimmune lymphocytic thyroiditis. In the United States, Hashimoto ’ randomness is the most common cause of hypothyroidism ( an hypoactive thyroid ). Your thyroid releases hormones that regulate your metamorphosis, body temperature, brawn forte, and many other functions of the body.

What causes Hashimoto’s thyroiditis?

Hashimoto ’ sulfur thyroiditis is an autoimmune disorder. The condition causes white blood cells and antibodies to mistakenly attack the cells of the thyroid gland. Doctors do not know why this happens, but some scientists believe genetic factors may be involved.

What are the symptoms of Hashimoto’s thyroiditis?

Symptoms of Hashimoto ’ second are not unique to the disease. alternatively, it causes the symptoms of an hypoactive thyroid gland. Signs that your thyroid international relations and security network ’ thyroxine working by rights include :

  • constipation
  • dry, pale skin
  • hoarse voice
  • high cholesterol
  • depression
  • lower body muscle weakness
  • fatigue
  • feeling sluggish
  • cold intolerance
  • thinning hair
  • irregular or heavy periods
  • problems with fertility

You may have Hashimoto ’ s for many years before you experience any symptoms. The disease can progress for a long time before it causes detectable thyroid damage. Some people with this condition develop an enlarged thyroid. Known as a goiter, this may cause the movement of your neck to become well. A goiter rarely causes any pain, though it may be tender when touched. however, it may make swallowing difficult, or cause your throat feel wide.

Hashimoto’s thyroiditis diagnosis

Your repair may suspect this condition if you have the symptoms of an hypoactive thyroid. If so, they ’ ll check your thyroid-stimulating hormone ( TSH ) levels with a blood test. This common test is one of the best ways to screen for Hashimoto ’ second. TSH hormone levels are high when thyroid activity is low because the body is working hard to stimulate the thyroid gland gland to produce more thyroid gland hormones. Your doctor may besides use lineage tests to check your levels of :

  • other thyroid hormones
  • antibodies
  • cholesterol

These tests can help confirm your diagnosis .

Treatment of Hashimoto’s thyroiditis

Most people with Hashimoto ’ s need treatment. however, if your thyroid is functioning normally, your repair may monitor you for changes. If your thyroid international relations and security network ’ thyroxine producing enough hormones, you need medicine. Levothyroxine is a synthetic hormone that replaces the missing thyroid hormone thyroxine ( T4 ). It has virtually no side effects. If you need this drug, you ’ ll likely be on it for the respite of your biography. unconstipated practice of levothyroxine can return your thyroid hormone levels to normal. When this happens, your symptoms will normally disappear. however, you ’ ll probably need regular tests to monitor your hormone levels. This allows your doctor to adjust your drug as necessity .

Things to consider

Some supplements and medications can affect your body ’ mho ability to absorb levothyroxine. It ’ second important to talk to your doctor of the church about any other medications you ’ ra consume. Some products that are known to cause problems with levothyroxine admit :

  • iron supplements
  • calcium supplements
  • proton pump inhibitors, a treatment for acid reflux
  • some cholesterol medications
  • estrogen

You may need to adjust the meter of day you take your thyroid gland medication when taking other medicines. Certain foods may besides affect absorption of this drug. Talk to your doctor about the best direction for you to take thyroid medication based on your diet.

Complications related to Hashimoto’s

If left untreated, Hashimoto ’ s thyroiditis can cause complications, some of which can be hard. These can include :

  • heart problems, including heart failure
  • anemia
  • confusion and loss of consciousness
  • high cholesterol
  • decreased libido
  • depression

Hashimoto ’ randomness can besides cause problems during pregnancy. recent inquiry suggests that women with this condition are more likely to give parturition to babies with heart, mind, and kidney defects. In ordering to limit these complications, it ’ south important to monitor thyroid function over the course of pregnancy in women who have thyroid problems. For women with no known thyroid disorders, routine thyroid screening international relations and security network ’ t recommended during pregnancy, according to the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology .

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Category : Health

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