Gestational Diabetes

Smiling pregnant woman eating an apple Follow a healthy eating design to nourish you and your child .
Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that can develop during pregnancy in women who don ’ thyroxine already have diabetes. Every year, 2 % to 10 % of pregnancies in the United States are affected by gestational diabetes. Managing gestational diabetes will help make certain you have a healthy pregnancy and a healthy baby .

What Causes Gestational Diabetes?

Gestational diabetes occurs when your body can ’ thyroxine make adequate insulin during your pregnancy. Insulin is a hormone made by your pancreas that acts like a key to let blood sugar into the cells in your body for function as energy .
During pregnancy, your body makes more hormones and goes through other changes, such as weight acquire. These changes cause your body ’ randomness cells to use insulin less efficaciously, a condition called insulin resistance. Insulin electric resistance increases your body ’ s need for insulin.

All meaning women have some insulin resistance during late pregnancy. however, some women have insulin immunity even before they get pregnant. They start pregnancy with an increased indigence for insulin and are more likely to have gestational diabetes .
Preventing Type 2 Diabetes approximately 50 % of women with gestational diabetes go on to develop type 2 diabetes, but there are steps you can take to prevent it. Talk to your doctor about how to lower your risk and how frequently to have your blood sugar checked to make certain you ’ re on track .

Symptoms and Risk Factors

Gestational diabetes typically doesn ’ t have any symptoms. Your medical history and whether you have any risk factors may suggest to your doctor that you could have gestational diabetes, but you ’ ll indigence to be tested to know for sure .

Related Health Problems

Having gestational diabetes can increase your risk of high lineage imperativeness during pregnancy. It can besides increase your gamble of having a boastfully pamper that needs to be delivered by cesarean delivery section ( C-section ) .
If you have gestational diabetes, your baby is at higher hazard of :

  • Being very large (9 pounds or more), which can make delivery more difficult
  • Being born early, which can cause breathing and other problems
  • Having low blood sugar
  • Developing type 2 diabetes later in life

Your blood boodle levels will normally return to normal after your baby is born. however, about 50 % of women with gestational diabetes go on to develop type 2 diabetes. You can lower your risk by reaching a healthy body weight after manner of speaking. Visit your doctor to have your blood boodle tested 6 to 12 weeks after your baby is born and then every 1 to 3 years to make surely your levels are on target .

Testing for Gestational Diabetes

It ’ mho significant to be tested for gestational diabetes so you can begin treatment to protect your health and your child ’ s health .
Gestational diabetes normally develops around the 24th workweek of pregnancy, so you ’ ll credibly be tested between 24 and 28 weeks .
If you ’ re at higher risk for gestational diabetes, your doctor may test you earlier. blood sugar that ’ s higher than normal early in your pregnancy may indicate you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes rather than gestational diabetes .


Before you get pregnant, you may be able to prevent gestational diabetes by losing weight if you ’ re fleshy and getting regular physical activeness.

Don ’ t try to lose weight if you ’ re already fraught. You ’ ll need to gain some weight—but not besides quickly—for your pamper to be goodly. Talk to your sophisticate about how much weight you should gain for a healthy pregnancy .

Treatment for Gestational Diabetes

You can do a distribute to manage your gestational diabetes. Go to all your prenatal appointments and follow your treatment plan, including :

  • Checking your blood sugar to make sure your levels stay in a healthy range.
  • Eating healthy food in the right amounts at the right times. Follow a healthy eating plan created by your doctor or dietitian.
  • Being active. Regular physical activity that’s moderately intense (such as brisk walking) lowers your blood sugar and makes you more sensitive to insulin so your body won’t need as much. Make sure to check with your doctor about what kind of physical activity you can do and if there are any kinds you should avoid.
  • Monitoring your baby. Your doctor will check your baby’s growth and development.

If goodly eat and being active aren ’ thymine enough to manage your blood carbohydrate, your doctor may prescribe insulin, metformin, or other medication .

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