Chronic gastritis: Causes, symptoms, and treatments

gastritis is when the line of the stomach becomes inflame or swollen. This normally happens after the stomach line has been damaged. gastritis that is durable or recurring is known as chronic gastritis. Chronic gastritis is one of the most coarse chronic conditions and can last for years or even a life if left untreated. A wide range of different conditions and factors are known to cause or contribute to the development of chronic gastritis. Resolving mild cases of gastritis can frequently be through the use of medicine and life style changes. however, for some people with severe chronic gastritis, a cure may not be possible, and the focus of discussion will be on managing the symptoms.

In this article, we look at the symptoms, causes, risk factors, and possible complications of chronic gastritis. We besides cover when to see a doctor of the church, diagnosis, treatment, and life style and dietary changes.


Woman holding stomach due to chronic gastritis share on PinterestIndigestion, nausea, bloating, and a burning feeling in the stomach can be symptoms of chronic gastritis. People with minor cases of gastritis that are caused by the bacteria Helicobacter pylorus may not constantly poster any symptoms. however, most people with chronic gastritis know a variety of symptoms, including :

  • indigestion
  • a burning or gnawing feeling in the stomach
  • the sensation of being full after eating a small amount
  • nausea and vomiting
  • belching
  • unintentional weight loss
  • bloating
  • loss of appetite
  • upper abdominal pain or discomfort
  • bleeding, usually only in erosive gastritis
  • Gastritis is termed “erosive” if the stomach lining has been worn away, exposing the tissue to stomach acids.


Chronic gastritis refers to a group of conditions that cause chronic ignition of the mucosal trace of the stomach. There are many different causes of chronic gastritis, but most cases are related to one of the take after :

H. pylori bacterial infection

H. pylori bacterial infection is the most park lawsuit of gastritis worldwide. many people first become infect during childhood, but not everyone experiences symptoms. While H. pylori infection can cause both acute accent and chronic gastritis, it is not much associated with caustic gastritis. Researchers think H. pylorus spreads through infected food, urine, sage and early bodily fluids .

Damage to the stomach lining

damage to the stomach line can lead to chronic inflammation. Causes of this admit :

  • overuse or long-term use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen and naproxen
  • excessive alcohol consumption
  • chronic stress
  • injuries and impact
  • exposure to radiation
  • recurring bile reflux from the small intestine
  • cocaine use

Autoimmune conditions

In people with autoimmune gastritis, their immune system attacks the stomach liner for no apparent reason. Autoimmune gastritis is normally chronic but non-erosive. In some people, autoimmune gastritis may be linked to chronic or severe H. pylorus infection .

Other causes

Less common causes of chronic gastritis include :

  • Crohn’s disease
  • irritable bowel syndrome
  • sarcoidosis
  • food allergies
  • other types of fungal, bacterial, or viral infections

Risk factors

share on PinterestRisk factors for chronic gastritis include diets high in fat, oil, salt, and preservatives. possible hazard factors for chronic gastritis include :

  • diets high in salt or preservatives
  • diets high in fat and oil, especially saturated and trans fats
  • smoking
  • long-term consumption of alcohol
  • conditions that weaken the immune system
  • cocaine use
  • long-term use of NSAIDs and some other medications
  • long-term use of medications for acid reflux and indigestion

Possible complications

If by rights treated, acute cases of gastritis are rarely associated with complications. however, people may experience serious health complications if they have austere or untreated chronic gastritis. erosive gastritis can cause peptic ulcers. once an ulcer has formed, they can increasingly degrade the surrounding tissues, widening and enlarging themselves. dangerous ulcers may finally cause internal bleed, which can be dangerous if left untreated. early possible complications of chronic gastritis include :

  • anemia caused by iron deficiency
  • anemia caused by internal bleeding
  • vitamin B-12 deficiency
  • abnormal stomach growths, such as polyps and tumors

When to see a doctor

People with symptoms of gastritis should see a doctor if the symptoms :

  • are severe
  • last for more than a week
  • do not respond to treatment or lifestyle adjustments

Internal bleed requires contiguous medical attention. Signs of inner bleed can include :

  • dizziness
  • unexplained weakness
  • paleness
  • black, tarry stools
  • red, fresh-looking blood in the stool
  • red blood in vomit or vomiting blood
  • unexplained drowsiness
  • difficulty breathing or swallowing
  • confusion
  • passing out


Doctors use a across-the-board range of tests and tools to diagnose chronic gastritis, including :

  • medical history
  • physical exam
  • stool tests to check for both H. pylori and signs of bleeding
  • endoscopy when a camera on a tube is put down the throat into the stomach
  • blood tests
  • X-rays
  • urea breath test to check for H. pylori infections


Treatment depends on the type, lawsuit, and badness of gastritis. gastritis caused by H. pylorus infections is normally treated with a combination of antacids and antibiotics, even if the infection is not causing any symptoms. People will often need to take supplements or make dietary adjustments to prevent complications if their chronic gastritis is causing nutritional deficiencies. Most gastritis medications focus on reducing the come of acidic in the stomach. coarse acid-reducing medications include :

  • Antacids. Antacids typically contain magnesium, calcium, sodium, or aluminum salts that can help neutralize stomach acids. Antacids can sometimes cause constipation or diarrhea and other side effects.
  • Proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs). These reduce the amount of acid the stomach produces. People can buy low-strength versions of lansoprazole and omeprazole over the counter, but most PPIs are only available on prescription.
  • H2 blockers. H2 blockers are antihistamines that can help reduce stomach acid production. Most types of H2 blockers are available in both over-the-counter and prescription strengths.

Lifestyle and dietary changes

share on PinterestGastritis may be prevented or treated by eating a diet rich in whole fruits and vegetables. careless of the causal agent or badness of symptoms, making dietary and life style adjustments may help treat gastritis or prevent it occurring. park dietary suggestions for people with chronic gastritis include :

  • avoiding or reducing alcohol consumption
  • avoiding spicy foods
  • avoiding rich, oily, or fried foods
  • avoiding acidic foods, especially citrus fruits and juices
  • eating smaller meals but more frequently
  • reducing salt consumption
  • eating less red meat

Eating a healthy, poise diet deep in antioxidants, roughage, and probiotics may besides help. You find these substances in foods such as :

  • whole fruits and vegetables
  • whole-grain breads, cereals, rice, and pasta
  • fermented products, including yogurt, kefir, sourdough bread, sauerkraut, and kimchi
  • lean proteins, including chicken, fish, beans, legumes, nuts, and seeds

Some people with chronic gastritis may besides find benefit from eating foods with anti-bacterial properties, such as :

  • garlic
  • cumin
  • ginger
  • turmeric
  • cranberries
  • peppers
  • mild curries

common life style changes recommended for people with chronic gastritis include :

  • quitting smoking
  • avoiding or reducing the use of NSAIDs, sometimes by talking to a doctor about other medications
  • practicing good food and personal hygiene, including washing the hands frequently
  • exercising regularly
  • drinking plenty of water to stay hydrated
  • managing stress and pain with relaxation techniques and practices, such as meditation, yoga, controlled breathing, and acupuncture


chronic gastritis can cause trouble and discomfort and lead to dangerous complications if left untreated. People should see their doctor if they have symptoms of chronic gastritis. management of chronic gastritis involves treating any underlie conditions, taking medications to counteract stomach acid, and making life style and dietary changes .

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