Belching, gas and bloating: Tips for reducing them

Belching, gas and bloating: Tips for reducing them

Belching, gas and bloat can be embarrassing and uncomfortable. here ‘s what causes these signs and symptoms — and how you can minimize them .By Mayo Clinic Staff
Belching or passing gas ( fart ) is natural and common. excessive belch or fart, accompanied by bloating, pain or well of the abdomen ( dilatation ), can occasionally interfere with daily activities or cause embarrassment. But these signs and symptoms normally do n’t point to a serious underlying discipline and are often reduced with simpleton life style changes.

When belch, gasoline or bloat interferes with your casual activities, there may be something wrong. Find out how to reduce or avoid gasoline and natural gas pains, and when you may need to see your doctor .

Belching: Getting rid of excess air

Belching is normally known as burp. It ‘s your body ‘s room of expelling excess air from your upper digestive tract. Most belch is caused by swallowing surfeit publicize. This air most frequently never even reaches the digest but accumulates in the esophagus .
You may swallow excess breeze if you eat or drink excessively fast, spill while you eat, chew gingiva, suck on hard candies, drink carbonated beverages, or roll of tobacco. Some people swallow air as a aflutter habit even when they ‘re not eating or drink .
Acid reflux or gastroesophageal ebb disease ( GERD ) can sometimes cause excessive erupt by promoting increase immerse .
Chronic belching may besides be related to ignition of the stomach trace or to an infection with Helicobacter pylorus, the bacteria creditworthy for some stomach ulcers. In these cases, the belch is accompanied by early symptoms, such as heartburn or abdominal pain .
You can reduce belching if you :

  • Eat and drink slowly. Taking your time can help you swallow less air. Try to make meals relaxed occasions; eating when you’re stressed or on the run increases the air you swallow.
  • Avoid carbonated drinks and beer. They release carbon dioxide gas.
  • Skip the gum and hard candy. When you chew gum or suck on hard candy, you swallow more often than normal. Part of what you’re swallowing is air.
  • Don’t smoke. When you inhale smoke, you also inhale and swallow air.
  • Check your dentures. Poorly fitting dentures can cause you to swallow excess air when you eat and drink.
  • Get moving. It may help to take a short walk after eating.
  • Treat heartburn. For occasional, mild heartburn, over-the-counter antacids or other remedies may be helpful. GERD may require prescription-strength medication or other treatments.

Flatulence: Gas buildup in the intestines

Gas in the small intestine or colon is typically caused by the digestion or agitation of undigested food by bacteria found in the intestine. Gas can besides form when your digestive system does n’t completely break down certain components in foods, such as gluten, found in most grains, or the boodle in dairy products and fruit .
other sources of intestinal gas may include :

  • Food residue in your colon
  • A change in the bacteria in the small intestine
  • Poor absorption of carbohydrates, which can upset the balance of helpful bacteria in your digestive system
  • Constipation, since the longer food waste remains in your colon, the more time it has to ferment
  • A digestive disorder, such as lactose or fructose intolerance or celiac disease

To prevent excess flatulence, it may help to :

  • Eliminate certain foods. Common gas-causing offenders include beans, peas, lentils, cabbage, onions, broccoli, cauliflower, whole-grain foods, mushrooms, certain fruits, and beer and other carbonated drinks. Try removing one food at a time to see if your gas improves.
  • Read labels. If dairy products seem to be a problem, you may have some degree of lactose intolerance. Pay attention to what you eat and try low-lactose or lactose-free varieties. Certain indigestible carbohydrates found in sugar-free foods (sorbitol, mannitol and xylitol) also may result in increased gas.
  • Eat fewer fatty foods. Fat slows digestion, giving food more time to ferment.
  • Temporarily cut back on high-fiber foods. Fiber has many benefits, but many high-fiber foods are also great gas producers. After a break, slowly add fiber back to your diet.
  • Try an over-the-counter remedy. Some products such as Lactaid or Dairy Ease can help digest lactose. Products containing simethicone ( Gas-X, Mylanta Gas, others ) have n’t been proved to be helpful, but many people feel that these products make .
    Products such as Beano, particularly the liquid form, may decrease the boast produced during the breakdown of certain types of beans .

Bloating: Common but incompletely understood

Bloating is a sensation of having a full abdomen. Distension is a visible or measurable increase in abdominal size. People frequently describe abdominal symptoms as bloat, specially if those symptoms do n’t seem to be relieved by belching, passing boast or having a intestine motion.

The claim connection between intestinal gas and bloat is not in full understand. many people with bloating symptoms do n’t have any more gas in the intestine than do other people. many people, peculiarly those with excitable intestine syndrome or anxiety, may have a greater sensitivity to abdominal symptoms and intestinal natural gas, rather than an overindulgence total .
however, bloating may be relieved by the behavioral changes that reduce erupt, or the dietary changes that reduce fart .

When to see your doctor

excessive burp, passing gas and bloat much resolve on their own or with simple changes. If these are the entirely symptoms you have, they rarely represent any unplayful underlying condition .
Consult your doctor if your symptoms do n’t improve with simple changes, particularly if you besides notice :

  • Diarrhea
  • Persistent or severe abdominal pain
  • Bloody stools
  • Changes in the color or frequency of stools
  • Unintended weight loss
  • Chest discomfort
  • Loss of appetite or feeling full quickly

These signs and symptoms could signal an fundamental digestive condition. intestinal symptoms can be embarrassing — but do n’t let embarrassment keep you from seeking help .

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