Fruit vs Vegetable – Difference and Comparison | Diffen

A fruit is the mature ovary of a source plant, normally developed from a flower. Fruits have seeds so they further the generative motorbike. A vegetable is a plant or that separate of a plant which is edible, and does not necessarily have a function in the plant ‘s generative cycle. While most vegetables and fruits are slowly to distinguish and classify, some are still ambiguous as to whether they are a vegetable or a fruit. Tomatoes, olives and avocados are frequently considered vegetables, but are actually fruits .


What is a fruit?

A fruit is defined as the develop ovary of a seed implant with its contents and accessory parts, as the pea pod, crackpot, tomato, or pineapple. It is the edible part of a plant developed from a flower, with any accessory tissues, as the spill the beans, mulberry, or banana. A fruit is the often sweet and fleshy separate of a plant that surrounds the seeds, although some fruits like berries bear the seed on the outside of the fruit .

What is a vegetable?

All early comestible plant parts are considered vegetables. A vegetable is an herbaceous plant cultivated for an comestible part, such as the solution of the beet, the leaf of spinach, or the flower bud of broccoli or cauliflower .

Examples of fruits and vegetables

here ‘s an matter to list of fruits that are often thought to be vegetables :

  • tomatoes
  • cucumbers
  • squashes and zucchini
  • avocados
  • green, red, and yellow peppers
  • peapods
  • pumpkins
  • olives
  • sweet potatoes and yams

Apples, eggplants, rose hips and corn kernels are besides fruits. It is besides interesting to note that mushrooms are neither fruit nor vegetable ; they are a type of fungus .

Types of Vegetables

Examples of vegetables include broccoli, potato, onions ] ], boodle, spinach, turnips, cauliflower ,. Vegetables are classified according to the partially of the plant :

  • Root vegetables: underground plant parts consumed by people as food. Root vegetables are generally storage organs, enlarged to store energy in the form of carbohydrates.
    • Bulb vegetables like garlic, onion, shallot
    • Tuberous roots like sweet potatoes and yams
    • Taproots like radishes and carrots
    • Root-like stems such as Florida arrowroot
    • Modified plant stems like turmeric, lotus root, taro, water lily, ginger and potato
  • Edible Flowers: flowers that are consumed either raw or after cooking. e.g. broccoli, chives, cornflower, cauliflower, basil, bean, okra
  • Stems like asparagus, leek, sugar cane
  • Leafy vegetables like spinach, lettuce, kale, mustard and cabbage

Differences in popular usage

Fruits and vegetables are vegetarian equally well as vegan, therefore constitute a big separate of the staple diet in about every family.

traditionally, most people categorize “ vegetables ” as foods that are eaten as separate of a meal ‘s main course and “ fruits ” as foods that are eaten for dessert or as a nosh. Most fruits are angelic with bitter seeds, because they contain a simple sugar called fructose, while most vegetables are less sweet because they have much less fructose. The pleasantness of fruit encourages animals to eat it and spit out the biting seeds on the ground so they spread and further the plant ‘s life cycle .


Both fruits and vegetables are very eminent in nutrition as they contain many vitamins and are low in adipose tissue and calories. A cup of fruit may contain more calories than a cup of vegetables because fruits have higher sugar content. however, starchy vegetables like beet and potato are higher in calorie adenine well as sugar. Although vegetables and fruits are extensively used in preparations that involve cooking or baking, they provide most nutrition when they are consume naked.

Because of the combination of high nutrition and low calorie, most weight loss and diet plans recommend high portions of fruits and veggies over processed food. In the video below, a dietician talks about the importance of fruits and vegetables to the diet and whether canned or freeze fruits and vegetables are merely equally alimentary as fresh .


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