Best diet for hyperthyroidism: Foods to eat and avoid

A person ’ s diet can have an effect on the symptoms of hyperthyroidism. Some foods can improve the condition, while others can make symptom worse or interfere with medications. Hyperthyroidism, a character of hyperthyroidism, is a condition in which the thyroid gland produces besides much thyroid hormone. Some people refer to this discipline as an hyperactive thyroid. The most coarse cause of hyperthyroidism is an autoimmune condition called Graves ’ disease. The symptoms of an hyperactive thyroid include unintentional system of weights loss, anxiety, sweating, frequent intestine movements, difficulty sleep, and muscleman helplessness. Hyperthyroidism is much more coarse in women than in men.

In this article, we discuss how diet affects hyperthyroidism and provide lists of foods to eat and avoid.

How does diet affect hyperthyroidism?

child holding fresh vegetables for hyperthyroidism diet share on PinterestEating fresh fruits and vegetables can benefit an overactive thyroid. Eating sealed foods will not cure hyperthyroidism, but some nutrients and minerals play a function in managing the underlie condition. Diet can affect both the output of thyroid hormones and how the thyroid functions. The trace nutrients and chemicals are among those that can affect hyperthyroidism :

  • Iodine, which the thyroid gland uses to produce thyroid hormone. Too much iodine in the diet can increase the production of thyroid hormone.
  • Calcium and vitamin D are vital because hyperthyroidism can cause problems with bone mineral density.
  • Foods and drinks containing caffeine can worsen the symptoms of hyperthyroidism.

Below, we discuss some of the nutrients that can affect thyroid function and note which foods contain them.

Foods to eat

The succeed foods can have benefits for people with an hyperactive thyroid :

Low iodine foods

If a person is planning to receive radioactive iodine treatment for hyperthyroidism, their doctor may ask them to follow a low tincture of iodine diet. Foods and drinks that are humble in tincture of iodine admit :

  • noniodized salt
  • egg whites
  • fresh or frozen vegetables
  • tea and black coffee
  • herbs and spices
  • vegetable oils
  • sugar, jam, jelly, and honey
  • unsalted nuts and nut butter
  • soda and lemonade
  • beer and wine
  • moderate portions of beef, chicken, turkey, veal, and lamb
  • fruit and fruit juices

The American Thyroid Association offer tips on how to follow a low iodine diet .

Cruciferous vegetables

Some cruciferous vegetables contain compounds that decrease thyroid hormone output and may reduce iodine uptake by the thyroid. Both of these effects may be beneficial for a person with hyperthyroidism. however, anyone with hypothyroidism ( decreased thyroid gland officiate ) should avoid eating large amounts of these foods. These cruciferous vegetables include :

  • Brussels sprouts and cabbage
  • collard greens, mustard greens, and turnip roots and greens
  • kale and arugula
  • radishes and rutabagas
  • bok choy
  • cauliflower
  • broccoli and broccoli rabe

Foods containing selenium

share on PinterestBrazil nuts are rich in selenium. selenium is a micronutrient that the body requires for the metamorphosis of thyroid gland hormones. Research suggests that selenium can help improve some of the symptoms of autoimmune thyroid disease, such as thyroid eye disease. Among people using anti-thyroid medications, those who take selenium supplements may achieve normal thyroid gland levels more cursorily than those who do not. Foods rich in selenium include :

  • Brazil nuts
  • tuna
  • halibut
  • shrimp
  • ham
  • fortified pasta and cereals
  • beef
  • turkey
  • chicken
  • rice
  • eggs
  • cottage cheese
  • baked beans
  • oatmeal
  • spinach

Foods containing iron

Iron is a nutrient that is important for normal bodily processes, including thyroid health. Iron helps the red blood cells carry oxygen to other cells in the consistency. Researchers have linked low levels of iron to hyperthyroidism.

People can maintain an adequate inhalation of iron by including these foods in their diet :

  • fortified cereals
  • raisins
  • oysters and fish
  • white beans, kidney beans, and black beans
  • dark chocolate
  • beef, chicken, turkey, and pork
  • lentils
  • spinach
  • tofu
  • sardines
  • chickpeas

Foods containing calcium and vitamin D

There is an association between longstanding hyperthyroidism and decreased bone mineral density, which can lead to osteoporosis. calcium and vitamin D are both nutrients that are significant for bone health. Foods rich in calcium include :

  • milk
  • cheese
  • yogurt
  • ice cream
  • canned salmon
  • sardines
  • broccoli
  • fortified orange juice
  • kale
  • bok choy
  • tofu and fortified soy milks

many people with hyperthyroidism have vitamin D lack. The basal generator of vitamin D is the sun hitting the skin so that the body can make its own. however, due to concerns about sunlight exposure and increased gamble of skin cancer, many people actively limit their time in the sun or use sunscreen. not many foods are adept sources of vitamin D, but the surveil foods contain some of this vitamin :

  • salmon and tuna
  • milk and some fortified dairy products (check the labels)
  • fortified soy milk
  • fortified cereals


parcel on PinterestTurmeric may reduce the frequency of thyroid disease. Studies have linked sealed spices, including turmeric and k chili, to a reduce frequency of thyroid disease, including hyperthyroidism. Turmeric besides has anti-inflammatory properties. People can use different spices, such as turmeric, to add flavor to their food.

Foods to avoid

Below, we look at the foods that can be harmful to people with hyperthyroidism if they eat them in large quantities :

Iodine-rich foods

excessively much tincture of iodine can make hyperthyroidism worse by leading the thyroid gland gland to produce besides much thyroid hormone. A person with hyperthyroidism should avoid eating excessive amounts of iodine-rich foods, such as :

  • iodized salt
  • fish and shellfish
  • seaweed or kelp
  • dairy products
  • iodine supplements
  • food products containing red dye
  • egg yolks
  • blackstrap molasses
  • carrageenan, which is an additive
  • baked goods with iodate dough conditioners


Animal studies have shown that soy consumption can interfere with radioactive tincture of iodine uptake for the treatment of hyperthyroidism. Sources of soy include :

  • soy milk
  • soy sauce
  • tofu
  • edamame beans
  • soybean oil


inquiry suggests that autoimmune thyroid disease, including Graves ’ disease, is more common among people who have celiac disease than among those who do not. The reason for this is not apparent, but genetics may play a character. Having celiac disease can besides make a person more likely to develop other autoimmune disorders. Celiac disease causes damage to the belittled intestine as a solution of the consumption of gluten. Gluten is a protein in pale yellow, barley, oats, and rye. People with coeliac disease indigence to follow a gluten free diet. Some research suggests that following a gluten free diet may facilitate better assimilation of thyroid medications by the intestine and decrease ignition .


caffeine can worsen some symptoms of hyperthyroidism, including palpitations, tremors, anxiety, and insomnia. Where possible, a person with hyperthyroidism should try to avoid foods and drinks containing caffeine. These include :

  • regular coffee
  • black tea
  • chocolate
  • regular soda
  • energy drinks


hyperthyroidism is a stipulate in which the thyroid gland is hyperactive and produces excess thyroid gland hormone. People should follow their treatment plan and any dietary recommendations from their doctor of the church. Changing the diet might improve symptoms of hyperthyroidism. Certain nutrients may help support healthy thyroid gland serve or decrease hyperthyroidism symptoms. A doctor or dietician will be able to provide more information about dietary changes for hyperthyroidism .

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Category : Health

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