Your cholesterol test
A cholesterol test ( besides known as a lipid profile or lipid panel ) measures total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, and triglyceride levels. You ’ ll get the most accurate results with a fasting lipid profile, in which you fast overnight before having your blood draw. Though advanced testing can offer extra data, for many people it is not necessary .
When to test
Because the process of atherosclerosis starts during childhood, the american english Academy of Pediatrics recommends LDL cholesterol testing for all children between the ages of 9 and 11, and once again between the ages of 17 and 21. The theme is to identify the estimated two out of 10 children who have eminent cholesterol as a result of inadequate diet or lack of exercise. The finish is not to start them on lipid-lowering medicine drugs, but to identify those at meaning risk, so they can be encouraged to adopt better life style habits .
Testing can besides detect the smaller count of children ( an estimated one in 300 to 500 ) who have very high LDL because of a familial disorder. Children ages 2 to 8 should have a cholesterol test if they have a parent, grandparent, aunt, uncle, or sibling who has an inheritable cholesterol disorder, or who had a heart attack or stroke or needed bypass surgery or angioplasty at a young age ( under 55 years in a man, under 65 years in a womanhood ).
For adults, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommends cholesterol testing for all men ages 35 and older, and for men and women over old age 20 with other risk factors, such as diabetes, fleshiness, or fume. valet ages 20 to 35 and women ages 20 and older who don ’ t have early risk factors for heart disease can decide with their doctors whether to get tested. That ’ s because for people in these groups, the benefits and harms of treatment are so balance that it ’ s not possible to make a blanket recommendation.
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If you have a low gamble of heart disease, the American Heart Association recommends that you get a fast lipid profile once every five years. But your repair might recommend more frequent testing if any of the stick to applies :
- Your total cholesterol is 200 mg/dl or more.
- You are a man over age 45 or a woman over age 50.
- Your HDL cholesterol is less than 40 mg/dL.
- You have other risk factors for heart disease and stroke.
Getting accurate test results
Getting a cholesterol test is easy. It involves having a metro ’ s worth of blood pull from your arm during a everyday chew the fat to your doctor. The preparation, however, takes a little attempt to ensure the most accurate reading. Food and drink can affect your triglyceride level, so you should fast for 12 hours ahead. You should besides avoid drinking alcohol for at least 24 hours before the test. You can drink water and take most medications you normally use, as these should not affect the quiz results. If you are not surely about your medications, control with your doctor before getting the test done .