GERD Diet: Foods to Eat and Avoid for Acid Reflux

Acid reflux occurs when there is acidic backflow from the abdomen into the esophagus. This happens normally but can cause complications or troublesome symptoms, such as heartburn. One reason this happens is that the lower esophageal sphincter ( LES ) is weakened or damaged. normally the LES closes to prevent food in the stomach from moving into the esophagus. The foods you eat affect the come of acid your stomach produces. Eating the correct kinds of food is key to controlling acid ebb or gastroesophageal ebb disease ( GERD ), a austere, chronic form of acidic reflux.

Foods to eat

Reflux symptoms may result from stomach acid touching the esophagus and causing aggravation and annoyance. If you have excessively much acid, you can incorporate these specific foods into your diet to manage symptoms of acid ebb. none of these foods will cure your condition, and your decision to try these specific foods to soothe your symptoms should be based on your own experiences with them .


Vegetables are naturally low in fat and boodle. dear options include k beans, broccoli, asparagus, cauliflower, leafy greens, potatoes, and cucumbers .


Ginger has lifelike anti-inflammatory properties, and it ’ s a natural treatment for heartburn and other gastrointestinal problems. You can add grated or sliced ginger root to recipes or smoothies, or drink ginger tea to ease symptoms .


Oatmeal, a breakfast darling, is a whole grain, and is an excellent beginning of fiber. A diet high in fiber has been linked with a lower risk of acid ebb. other fiber options include whole-grain breads and whole-grain rice .

Non-citrus fruits

Non-citrus fruits, including melons, bananas, apples, and pears, are less likely to trigger ebb symptoms than acidic fruits .

Lean meats and seafood

lean meats, such as wimp, turkey, pisces, and seafood, are low-fat and can reduce symptoms of acid ebb. Try them grilled, broiled, baked, or poached .

Egg whites

egg whites are a good option. Limit egg yolks, though, which are high gear in fat and may trigger ebb symptoms .

Healthy fats

Sources of goodly fats include avocados, walnuts, linseed, olive oil, sesame anoint, and sunflower vegetable oil. Reduce your consumption of saturate fats and trans fats and replace them with these healthier unsaturated fats.

Finding your triggers

Heartburn is a park symptom of acid reflux and GERD. You may develop a burn sensation in your stomach or breast after eating a full meal or certain foods. GERD can besides cause vomiting or regurgitation as acid moves into your esophagus. other symptoms include :

  • dry cough
  • sore throat
  • bloating
  • burping or hiccups
  • difficulty swallowing
  • lump in the throat

many people with GERD find that certain foods trigger their symptoms. No single diet can prevent all symptoms of GERD, and food triggers are different for everyone. To identify your individual triggers, keep a food diary and track the follow :

  • what foods you eat
  • what time of day you eat
  • what symptoms you experience

Keep the diary for at least a week. It ’ s helpful to track your foods for a longer period if your diet varies. You can use the diary to identify particular foods and drinks that affect your GERD. The diet and nutrition advice here is a starting point to plan your meals. Use this lead in junction with your food diary and your doctor of the church ’ sulfur advice. The goal is to minimize and control your symptoms.

Foods to avoid

Although doctors debate which foods actually cause ebb symptoms, certain foods have been shown to cause problems for many people. To control your symptoms, you could start by eliminating the following foods from your diet :

High-fat foods

Fried and fatty foods can cause the LES to relax, allowing more abdomen acid to back up into the esophagus. These foods besides delay abdomen evacuate. Eating high-fat foods puts you at greater hazard for ebb symptoms, so reducing your total daily fat intake can help. The following foods have a high-fat capacity. Avoid these or eat them meagerly :

  • French fries and onion rings
  • full-fat dairy products, such as butter, whole milk, regular cheese, and sour cream
  • fatty or fried cuts of beef, pork, or lamb
  • bacon fat, ham fat, and lard
  • desserts or snacks, such as ice cream and potato chips
  • cream sauces, gravies, and creamy salad dressings
  • oily and greasy foods

Tomatoes and citrus fruit

Fruits and vegetables are important in a goodly diet. But certain fruits can cause or worsen GERD symptoms, particularly highly acidic fruits. If you have patronize acid ebb, you should reduce or eliminate your intake of the following foods :

  • oranges
  • grapefruit
  • lemons
  • limes
  • pineapple
  • tomatoes
  • tomato sauce or foods that use it, such as pizza and chili
  • salsa


Chocolate contains an ingredient called methylxanthine. It has been shown to relax the smooth muscle in the LES and increase ebb .

Garlic, onions, and spicy foods

piquant and lemony foods, such as onions and garlic, trigger heartburn symptoms in many people. These foods won ’ t trigger reflux in everyone. But if you eat a batch of onions or garlic, track your meals carefully in your diary. Some of these foods, along with piquant foods, may bother you more than other foods do .


Mint and products with mint flavorer, like chewing gum and breath mints, can besides trigger acid ebb symptoms .

Other options

While the lists above include common triggers, you may have alone intolerances to early foods. You might consider eliminating the following foods over time to see if symptoms improve : dairy, flour-based products like bread and crackers, and whey protein .

Lifestyle tips

In summation to controlling ebb symptoms with diet and nutrition, you can manage symptoms with life style changes. Try these tips :

  • Take antacids and other medications that reduce acid production. (Overuse can cause negative side effects.)
  • Maintain a healthy weight.
  • Chew gum that isn’t flavored with peppermint or spearmint.
  • Avoid alcohol.
  • Stop smoking.
  • Don’t overeat, and eat slowly.
  • Remain upright for at least 2 hours after eating.
  • Avoid tight clothing.
  • Don’t eat for 3 to 4 hours before going to bed.
  • Raise the head of your bed 4 to 6 inches to reduce reflux symptoms while sleeping.


No diet has been proven to prevent GERD. however, certain foods may ease symptoms in some people. inquiry shows that increased fiber intake, specifically in the form of fruits and vegetables, may protect against GERD. But scientists aren ’ triiodothyronine however certain how fiber prevents GERD symptoms. Increasing your dietary fiber is generally a good mind. In summation to helping with GERD symptoms, character besides reduces the gamble of :

  • high cholesterol
  • uncontrolled blood sugar
  • hemorrhoids and other bowel problems

talk to your doctor if you have questions about whether certain foods should be a depart of your diet. Foods that help improve acid ebb for one person may be debatable for person else. Working with your repair or record dietician can help you develop a diet to control or lessen your symptoms. People with GERD can normally manage their symptoms with life style changes and over-the-counter medications.

talk to your doctor of the church if life style changes and medications don ’ deoxythymidine monophosphate improve symptoms. Your doctor can recommend prescription drug medications, or in extreme cases, operating room .

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