Blood Sugar Level Chart and Information
Published : 2014-03-27 – Updated : 2021-12-20
author : Thomas C. Weiss | Contact : disabled World ( Disabled-World.com ) outline : information and printable chart showing diabetic blood boodle levels for persons with diabetes or pre-diabetes. The results of blood sugar tests vary by testing method and lab but by and large doctors consider a fast blood boodle of up to 100 mg/dL to be within the average stove. A phone number of checkup studies have shown a dramatic kinship between elevated blood boodle levels and insulin electric resistance in people who are not very active on a day by day or regular footing.
A sophisticate might orderliness a examination of the sugar level in a person ‘s lineage if there is a concern that they may have diabetes, or have a boodle level that is either excessively low or excessively high. The screen, which is besides called a check of blood boodle, rake glucose, fasting blood carbohydrate, fasting plasma glucose, or fasting rake glucose, indicates how much glucose is introduce is salute in a person ‘s blood .
What Is Blood Sugar Level?
blood carbohydrate concentration or blood glucose level is defined as the total of glucose ( carbohydrate ) present in the lineage of a human or animal. The torso naturally tightly regulates rake glucose levels as a partially of metabolic homeostasis. The international standard way of measuring blood glucose levels are in terms of a molar concentration, measured in mmol/L ( millimoles per liter ; or millimolar, abbreviated millimeter ). In the United States, mass concentration is measured in mg/dL ( milligrams per deciliter ) – See our mmol/L to mg/dl chart for rake carbohydrate number conversions .
When a person eats carbohydrates, such as pasta, bread or fruit, their body converts the carbohydrates to sugar – besides referred to as glucose. Glucose travels through the blood to supply energy to the cells, to include muscle and brain cells, a well as to organs. Blood sugar levels normally fluctuate depending upon what a person eats and how long it has been since they last consume. however ; consistent or highly low levels of glucose in a person ‘s blood might cause symptoms such as :
Warning signs of perilously high gear levels of rake boodle include sleepiness or confusion, dry mouth, extreme thirst, senior high school fever, hallucinations, loss of vision, or skin that is warm and dry .
A rake carbohydrate test requires a finger prickle or needle stick. A repair might orderliness a, ‘fasting, ‘ blood glucose test. What this means is a person will not be able to drink or eat for 8-10 hours before the test, or the doctor may order the test for a random fourth dimension or right field after the person eats. If a woman is meaning, her doctor might order a, ‘glucose-tolerance test, ‘ which involves drinking glucose solution and having rake drawn a specify amount of clock time late. The results of a blood carbohydrate test are measured in milligrams per deciliter .
Average Blood Sugar Levels
|Average Blood Sugar Levels|
|100 mg/dL average|
|140 mg/dL 2 hours after eating|
|180 mg/dL 1 hour after drinking glucose|
|155 mg/dL 2 hours after drinking glucose|
|140 mg/dL 3 hours after drinking glucose|
|95 mg/dL after fasting for glucose-tolerance test for pregnant women|
The results of blood boodle tests vary by testing method acting and lab but by and large doctors consider a fast blood sugar of up to 100 mg/dL to be within the average range. From rake guide 2 hours after a person eats, doctors consider a degree of up to 140 mg/dL to be average. In a glucose-tolerance trial for fraught women, a degree of 95 mg/dL after fasting is considered to be the, ‘target, ‘ level. A sophisticate who is concerned might order extra test at 1,2 and 3 hours after a person drinks glucose. The prey levels for those tests are 180 mg/dL, 155 mg/dL and 140 mg/dL. Gestational diabetes is indicated if 2 or more of the 4 levels equal or go over the desire target floor .
High Blood Sugar Levels
‘Hyperglycemia, ‘ or high fast lineage carbohydrate levels of between 100-150 mg/dL, might indicate pre-diabetes and levels above this image may indicate diabetes. A number of other conditions may cause hyperglycemia excessively, including :
- Acute stress
- Renal failure
- Pancreatic cancer
- Cushing syndrome
hyperglycemia may besides be the result of excessive over-eating or taking some prescription medications .
Low Blood Sugar Levels
‘Hypoglycemia, ‘ or low blood sugar, might suggest that a person is not corrode enough or that they are taking excessively much diabetes medicine or insulin. extra causes of hypoglycemia include hypothyroidism, hypopituitarism and having taken certain kinds of medications. A blood sugar level below 60 mg/dL, or a drop of more than 100 mg/dL an hour at any fourth dimension indicates hypoglycemia .
Average A1C Test Level
An A1C test is performed to measure the average of a person ‘s blood sugar levels over the concluding 3 months. The results of the test are presented as a share. The average scope falls in between 4-6 %. A1C test levels of greater than 7 % uncover hapless diabetes management and the indigence for changes in the future. Some crucial facts about lineage sugar include the following :
- Insulin is a hormone produced by a person’s pancreas, it helps to maintain average blood sugar levels
- Glucose is a simple sugar; it is one of the primary molecules that serve as energy sources for both animals and plants
- High or uncontrolled blood sugar levels may lead to health complications such as heart disease, blindness or kidney disease
- Increased concentration of glucose in a person’s blood leads to a condition referred to as, ‘diabetic coma,’ or hyperglycemia
|Blood Sugar Chart|
|Diabetes Check – Blood Sugar Levels||HbA1c||mg/dl||mmol/l|
|depleted||less than 4||less than 65||less than 3,6|
|Complications Can Arise||8||208||11,6|
|Complications Can Arise||8,1||212||11,8|
|Complications Can Arise||8,2||215||12|
|Complications Can Arise||8,3||219||12,2|
|Complications Can Arise||8,4||223||12,4|
|Complications Can Arise||8,5||226||12,6|
|Complications Can Arise||8,6||230||12,8|
|Complications Can Arise||8,7||233||13|
|Complications Can Arise||8,8||237||13,2|
|Complications Can Arise||8,9||240||13,4|
Improving Fasting Blood Sugar Levels
If a person does not have arrant fasting rake carbohydrate levels, yet the levels are not quite high adequate to be considered diabetes, they should take it as an opportunity to improve their health and achieve average blood glucose levels anterior to developing type 2 diabetes. normally, high blood carbohydrate levels have to do with a poor diet, but tied more much they have to do with a person ‘s lack of exert and physical action .
A phone number of medical studies have shown a dramatic relationship between elevated blood sugar levels and insulin resistance in people who are not very active voice on a day by day or regular basis. Many of the same studies have besides shown that the most efficient manner of improving insulin resistance is to increase the amount of physical activity. Doing so helps a person to achieve weight loss, increase blood hang and circulation, equally well as lower rake carbohydrate levels .
Deciding to begin exercising and become active besides involves beginning to eat better. Changing eating habits alone will help, yet doing both in concert will supercharge a person ‘s efforts. Try to find a cookbook filled with choice foods and meal plans that are ideal for people with diabetes, people with pre-diabetes, adenine well as those with high rake carbohydrate levels who might be insulin resistant .
Thomas C. Weiss is a research worker and editor program for Disabled World. Thomas attended college and university courses earning a Masters, Bachelors and two Associate degrees, ampere well as pursing Disability Studies. As a nurse Assistant Thomas has assisted people from a variety of racial, religious, gender, course, and senesce groups by providing care for people with all forms of disabilities from multiple Sclerosis to Parkinson ‘s ; para and quadriplegia to Spina Bifida. You ‘re reading Disabled World. See our home page for enlightening disability news, reviews, sports, stories and how-tos. You can besides connect with us on social media such as Twitter and Facebook or learn more about Disabled World on our about us page.
Read more: ED
disabled World provides general information only. Materials presented are in no way meant to be a utility for professional aesculapian care by a qualify practitioner, nor should they be construed as such. Any 3rd party offer or advertise on disabled-world.com does not constitute endorsement by Disabled World. Cite This Page ( APA ) : Thomas C. Weiss. ( 2014, March 27 ). Blood Sugar Level Chart and Information. Disabled World. Retrieved December 21, 2021 from www.disabled-world.com/health/diabetes/mg-dl.php