Eurobarometer is a series of populace impression surveys conducted regularly on behalf of the european Commission and early EU Institutions since 1973. These surveys address a wide-eyed diverseness of topical issues relating to the European Union throughout its extremity states. The Eurobarometer results are published by the European Commission ‘s Directorate-General Communication. Its database since 1973 is one of the largest in the populace .
Forerunners of Eurobarometer [edit ]
In 1970 and 1971, the european Commission conducted surveys in the six member countries ( at that time ) of the European Community ( Belgium, France, West Germany, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands ). These surveys assessed populace opinion on individual national priorities angstrom well as integrated european functions and organisations, including the common Market ( european Economic Community ).
Reading: Eurobarometer – Wikipedia
regular semi-annual polls of extremity nations – now besides including Denmark, Ireland and the United Kingdom – began in September 1973, with the sketch series first being given the name Eurobarometer in 1974. The fieldwork for Euro-Barometer 1 was conducted in April–May of that year, with results published in July. A first international survey on attitudes towards european fusion ( “ Attitudes towards Europe ” ) was carried out in 1962 at the request of the Press and Information Service of the european Communities in ( Belgium, France, West Germany, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands ) .
Standard Eurobarometer sketch [edit ]
The Standard Eurobarometer survey serial is a cross-national longitudinal study, designed to compare and gauge trends within Member States of the European Union. This survey is carried out each fall and give. Although the range of questions has been expanded over the years, the course of study aims to keep most of the survey constant, so that datum is comparable over time. Starting with Eurobarometer 34 ( 1990 ), separate auxiliary surveys on extra topics have been conducted under about every Eurobarometer wave. special irregularly repeated modules investigate topics such as agribusiness, biotechnology, consumer behavior, aged people, energy, environment, family, gender issues, health, immigration, poverty, regional identity, skill and engineering, urban traffic, working conditions, young, etc. from a european perspective. In the character of some supplementary studies, particular youth and aged samples have been drawn.
In the 2019 Eurobarometer survey, when people across Europe were asked to name the two most pressing issues confronting them personally, 18 % mentioned health and social security, 15 % pensions, 14 % the environment, and 13 % their own fiscal situation. other economic and social issues followed, with crime ( 6 % ), immigration ( 5 % ), and terrorism ( 2 % ), in that order. [ 1 ]
Flash Eurobarometer [edit ]
The Flash Eurobarometer was introduced in the 1990s and consists of interviews, conducted by call, which are undertaken on an ad hoc basis. The main advantage of the Flash review, as opposed to a convention Eurobarometer survey, is that it is much faster, providing results about instantaneously. In addition, it is more desirable to the target of specific groups within the EU population .
Central and Eastern Eurobarometer [edit ]
The Central and Eastern Eurobarometer series was carried out annually on behalf of the european Commission between 1990 and 1997. The CEEB surveys monitored economic and political changes, equally well as attitudes towards Europe and the European Union, in up to 20 countries of the region.
In 2001, the european Commission launched a series of surveys in the 13 countries that were applying for European Union membership under the title of “ Candidate Countries Eurobarometer ” ( initially named “ applicant Countries Eurobarometer ” or AC-EB ). The CC-EB surveys were carried out in Bulgaria, Republic of Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia and Turkey. Since the EU enlargements of 2004 and 2007, the CC-EB countries that have become Member States have been included in the Standard Eurobarometer .
See besides [edit ]
References [edit ]
- Website of the European Commission’s Directorate-General Communication, providing public access to the official Eurobarometer reports
- Data Archive services providing access to Eurobarometer primary data for re-use (statistical analysis) in social science research and training (GESIS)
- Cross-national survey programmes historical overview and links to resources (GESIS)