endocrinology is the study of the body ’ s endocrine glands. Endocrine glands produce hormones, which are molecules that serve as messengers throughout the body. Each hormone is designed to trigger a very specific reply in a specific part of the body. Endocrinologists are physicians who specialize in diagnosing and treating disorders of the endocrine gland system .
The Endocrine Glands
Location: There are two adrenal glands located on the lead of each kidney .
Hormones produced: Adrenaline, aldosterone and hydrocortisone .
Purpose: Hormones of the adrenal glands maintain sodium, chloride and potassium levels in the blood, maintain rake pressure, help control kidney function and control overall fluid concentrations in the body.
Reading: Endocrine System
Location: Within the brain. Hormones produced : many hormones that affect the brain, nervous system, and other glands .
Purpose: Hormones of the hypothalamus regulate an highly across-the-board range of basic soundbox functions, such as heart pace, rake coerce, sleep, appetite, thirst and regulation of consistency water and body temperature. These hormones exert their control by acting on the brain, skittish system and early hormone glands .
Location: Deep in the abdomen behind the stomach .
Hormones produced: Insulin, glucagon, somatostatin and others .
Purpose: Hormones of the pancreas dominance blood carbohydrate and regulate the use and storage of nutrients such as glucose, amino acids, and triglycerides. The pancreas besides plays a function in digestion ; it produces digestive enzymes that are secreted into the small intestine .
Location: There are four parathyroid gland glands located in the neck behind the thyroid gland.
Hormone produced: Parathyroid hormone ( PTH ) .
Purpose: PTH maintains the right levels of calcium and phosphorous throughout the soundbox .
Location: Base of the brain .
Hormones produced: Thyroid stimulating hormone ( TSH ), follicle stimulating hormone ( FSH ), adrenocorticotropic hormone ( ACTH ), emergence hormone, and others .
Purpose: The pituitary plays a key function in regulating emergence and growth, metabolism and reproduction. It controls the natural process of many early endocrine glands, including the thyroid, ovaries, adrenal gland and others. Examples of pituitary hormones and their functions : growth hormone regulates emergence ; ACTH stimulates the adrenal gland glands to produce hydrocortisone ; TSH signals the thyroid gland to produce thyroid gland hormone ; luteinizing hormone and follicle-stimulating hormone baffle ovulation and estrogen and progesterone production in women, and sperm formation and testosterone production in men.
Reproductive Glands—Ovaries and Testicles
Location: Ovaries ( in women ) are located inside the lower abdomen. Testes ( in men ) are located underneath the penis .
Hormones produced: Ovaries produce estrogen and progesterone. Testes produce a kind of “ male ” hormones called androgens, including testosterone .
Purpose: Reproductive hormones baffle growth and generative functions. Estrogen controls development of female sexual activity characteristics during puberty and besides stimulates emergence of the uterine lining during the menstrual cycle. Progesterone helps fertilized eggs to attach to the uterus and develop into an embryo. testosterone is responsible for the development of male sex characteristics during puberty and for stimulating sperm festering. Androgens enhance the growth of body tissues, particularly brawn .