Because of vs. Despite | Grammar Quizzes

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Indicate a causal or non-causal relationship

fire

Cause and Effect Relationship—Because of vs. Despite

BECAUSE OF
Because of, due to, on account of, owing to and thanks to are connective prepositions that relate extra information to the main clause. Each may be followed by a noun phrase ( NP ) or gerund article ( Ger ) that expresses ( 1 ) the cause—an act of nature or of world, or ( 2 ) the intelligent ( homo think ) for the consequence stated in the main article. The phrase may be placed before the chief clause ( with a comma ) to focus on or space emphasis on the cause.

CAUSE  EFFECT 
PREP PHRASE [P + NP} MAIN CLAUSE
Because of the gas plosion,
connection + noun phrase
several homes burned down .
Because of an exploding flatulence production line , respective homes burned down
due to the dislodge hang of gas , urine could not put out the fire .
due to free-flowing natural gas , body of water could not put out the fire .
On explanation of the old age of the grapevine , it broke .
On account of being so erstwhile , the grapevine broke .
Owing to the delay in replacing the pipeline , the accident was likely to occur .
Thanks to the agile reaction of the fire department,
( positive cause )
people were evacuated in time .
DESPITE
Despite, in malice of and even though are connective prepositions that relate extra information to the main clause. Each may be followed by a noun phrase ( NP ) or gerund clause ( Ger ) that expresses ( 1 ) contrary reasoning—the action or opinion that follows does not fit logically with the response ( the effect ) in the chief clause—or ( 2 ) concession—the gossip that follows acknowledges a failing or admits an exception to the situation in the effect clause .
NOT THE CAUSE  EFFECT 
PREP PHRASE / THAT + CLS MAIN CLAUSE
Despite their flying arrival,
connection + noun give voice
the firemen could do nothing .
Despite arriving cursorily,
connection + gerund clause
the firemen could do nothing to stop the conflagration .
In malice of their quick arrival,
connection + noun phrase
the firemen could do nothing except determine the hell burn .
evening with the firemen ‘s quick arrival,
connection + noun phrase
they could do nothing to stop the hell .
even knowing about the smell of boast,
connection + noun phrase
the gas company did nothing to replace the boast wrinkle .
even though residents smelled natural gas,
connection + article
the grapevine was not replaced.

Though residents smelled natural gas,
connection + article
the pipeline was not replaced .
regardless of the fact that the fire department responded cursorily,
that + article
thirty eight homes burned up in the hell .

assertion ( N ) — a statement or declaration that something is true ( without support or reason ) concede ( V ) — give in on a point, admit something to be dependable ( reluctantly ), admit get the better of in a game or an election double prepositions — prepositions that include another prepositional phrase : Because of the fact, by virtue of the fact, in light of the fact, in view of the fact, on account of, owing to the fact, due to the fact
besides see Because/ Though Grammar Notes and Pop-Q “ Though “ .

CAUSE EFFECT → NO CAUSE-EFFECT
reason
effect–cause
The firemen did well because of their training for catastrophic gas explosions .
The opinion or action is a legitimate answer to the assertion or situation in early clause—cause-effect .
CONCESSIVE REASON
effect–an exception
The firemen did well despite some initial confusion about the source of the explosion .
The situation or legal action is something that does not logically fit with the previous statement—a helplessness, an advantage, an exception. See Concession .
CONTRARY REASON
effect–no causal agent
The firemen did well despite their inexperience with catastrophic gas explosions .
The opinion or action is a not a legitimate or an expected answer to the affirmation or situation in other clause. ( The reason they did good was due to something else. ) See reverse Reasoning .

catastrophic ( Adj ) – very destructive, black
inexperience ( N ) – no or very little feel
initial ( Adj ) – in the get down, early on
not intelligent ( Adj ) – not having good or accurate cognition about

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