Colonoscopy: When you need it and when you don’t

Colonoscopy: When you need it and when you don’t

colonoscopy is the most accurate test for cancer of the colon and rectum, prove to detect the disease early and salvage lives. But even a very good test can be done excessively often. here ’ mho when you need it, and when you might not .
Having a colonoscopy more than once every five or ten years usually isn’t necessary.
A grape-like growth, or polyp, in the colon or rectum is coarse in adults and normally harmless. But some polyps—known as adenomas— may finally turn into cancer. Health care providers can spot and remove polyps during a colonoscopy, which uses a elastic, lighted pipe to examine the colon and rectum. If the screen doesn ’ thyroxine find adenoma or cancer and you don ’ thymine have risk factors for the disease, your find of developing it is low for the future ten years. That ’ randomness because the quiz misses very few adenoma, and colorectal cancer grows slowly. even if one or two small, low-risk adenoma are removed, you ’ re improbable to develop cancer for at least five years, and repeating the screen sooner provides little benefit. indeed most people need the examination equitable once a ten, and only a few with larger, more serious polyps may need it more frequently than every five years .
The test can pose risks.

Colonoscopy is a safe procedure. But occasionally it can cause heavy bleed, tears in the colon, excitement or infection of pouches in the colon known as diverticulitis, severe abdominal pain, and problems in people with center or blood- vessel disease. Some complications can lead to blood transfusions, operating room, hospitalization, or rarely, death. The test besides has inconveniences. You have to restrict your diet and take laxatives advance. And because the examination requires sedation, person has to drive you home and you may miss a day of work. So you don ’ thymine want to have the test more often than necessary .
So when is it warranted?
colon cancer cover should begin at old age 50 for most people. If a colonoscopy doesn ’ metric ton find adenoma or cancer and you don ’ triiodothyronine have gamble factors, the adjacent test should be in ten-spot years. If one or two modest, low-risk adenoma are removed, the examination should be repeated in five to ten years. Ask your health care provider when and how often to have a colonoscopy if you have inflammatory intestine disease ; a history of multiple, large, or bad adenoma ; or a parent, sibling, or child who had colorectal cancer or adenoma. routine checks normally aren ’ deoxythymidine monophosphate needed after historic period 75.

Protect against colon cancer:
The follow steps can help :
Make lifestyle changes. Eat more fruits, vegetables, and hale grains, and less fatty foods and red or processed kernel. Lose excess weight, exercise, limit alcohol, and don ’ thymine fastball.

Get accurate test results. Carefully follow your health manage supplier ’ south instructions preparing your bowels before the procedure. If you have questions, call the office and go over them with the breastfeed .
Consider alternatives. If you ’ re at average hazard, talk with your health care supplier about other test options, and ask your insurance company about coverage. early tests that can find polyp and cancer, and require intestine homework, include elastic sigmoidoscopy, which uses a short pipe to examine the rectum and lower colon, and CT colonography, in which a tube is inserted into the rectum and an roentgenogram scanner creates pictures. stool tests can find signs of cancer and don ’ thyroxine require intestine planning. Abnormalities found on an option quiz must be followed up with a colonoscopy .
Report warning signs. Those include changes in intestine habits lasting a workweek or two, such as rectal run, dark or narrow stools, constipation or diarrhea, abdominal cramps, or the urge to move your bowels when you don ’ t need to. Constant tire, anemia, and unexplained burden personnel casualty can
be late signs .

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