Abdominal Organs Anatomy, Diagram & Function

At the height of the cavity is the liver, the torso ’ mho largest electric organ. It acts like a filtration system. It rids the torso of toxins and produces bile, which aids in the digestion and assimilation of fats and vitamins that dissolve in fat, such as A, D, E, and K.

The gallbladder is a small theca underneath the liver that holds extra bile made by the liver until it is pumped into the small intestine.

directly below the liver, the stomach stores food and prepares it for digestion. In the stomach, food mixes with digestive juices. The stomach muscles churn this desegregate, breaking it down further before it passes into the modest intestine. digestive juices in the stomach include hydrochloric acid, electrolytes, and enzyme, like pepsin. The pancreas is a gland that produces enzyme to help your body digest proteins, carbohydrates, and fats. It besides makes hormones that help regulate the distribution of nutrients, including sugar. The small intestine occupies the majority of the distance of the abdominal cavity. This 21-foot long tube is where the bulk of digestion occurs. The small intestine breaks down fats, starches, and proteins into fatso acids, which can then be absorbed. The food you eat takes three to five hours to work its way through the modest intestine.

Despite its deceptive identify, the large intestine is shorter ( about five feet ) than the little intestine, but it is larger in cinch. It is the last separate of the digestive nerve pathway and made up of the cecum, colon, and rectum. Behind the intestines are the kidneys, important organs that contain an estimated 1 million filtering units called nephrons. The kidneys play a vital function in processing the blood the heart pumps before it goes into general circulation. Every infinitesimal, about 1,200 milliliters of blood flows through the kidneys, about one-fifth of all the blood pumped from the kernel. Blood is pumped from the kernel into the kidneys through the nephritic artery, which branches directly from the abdominal aorta, a section of the soundbox ’ sulfur main artery.

directly on exceed of the kidneys are the suprarenal (adrenal) glands. function of the endocrine system, these glands are divided into two portions, the adrenal cortex and the adrenal myelin, and each synthesize and secretes a different jell of hormones. The versatile hormones help the kidneys to conserve sodium, therefore conserving water. They besides play a role in supporting the body ’ s sexual functions, among other things. The ureters are two tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the urinary bladder. The ends of each tube act as valves by closing when the bladder is entire and preventing backflow of urine.

The main bones in the abdominal region are the ribs. The rib cage protects vital inner organs. There are 12 pairs of ribs and they attach to the spur. There are seven amphetamine rib, known as “ truthful ” rib, which attach to the sternum ( sternum ) in the front of body. The eighth, ninth, and tenth pairs are known as “ assumed ” rib because they are not attached to the sternum but, rather, to the seventh rib. The eleventh and one-twelfth pairs of ribs are called floating rib because they attach entirely to the spinal column, leaving their face-to-face ends unattached. The seven pairs of true ribs are connected to the sternum by costal cartilage, which is flexible and allows the rib cage to expand and retract during breathe .

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