What to Do When a Diabetic Attack or Emergency Strikes

Diabetes is a chronic circumstance where the rake sugar level is excessively high. Insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas, removes sugar from the blood and moves it into cells for the body to use. In people with type 1 diabetes, their pancreas doesn ’ t make any insulin ; in those with type 2 diabetes, it doesn ’ t make enough .

healthy rake boodle levels are between 60 and 140 mg/dL. A blood glucose of above 140 mg/dL is considered excessively gamey, and one that ’ second below 60 mg/dL is excessively low. Having eminent lineage carbohydrate for a long time period of time puts people with diabetes at risk for other health problems, such as kidney disease, heart disease, stroke, and steel damage. Another common write out that people living with diabetes face is diabetic emergencies .

a man checking his blood sugar in the bedroom
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Types of Diabetic Emergencies

A diabetic emergency happens when blood sugar is besides high gear or excessively low for besides long. This is a dangerous condition that requires contiguous medical discussion. There are a few types of diabetic emergencies, and some conditions may increase the risk of a diabetic emergency .

diabetic Ketoacidosis

diabetic ketoacidosis ( DKA ) occurs when the consistency begins burning fat, rather of sugar, for fuel. This happens when there isn ’ thymine enough insulin to deliver boodle to cells for energy. To make up for this, the liver-colored begins breaking down fatness besides quickly for the body to process. This can lead to a buildup of ketones ( a type of acid ) in the blood, which can become poisonous .

Symptoms of DKA can include :

  • Rapid breathing
  • Flushed face
  • Nausea, vomiting, or abdominal pain
  • Decreased alertness
  • Frequent urination or thirst that lasts for a day or more
  • Dry skin or mouth
  • Muscle stiffness or aches
  • Dehydration
  • Headache
  • Fruity breath

DKA is most coarse in individuals with character 1 diabetes. It can sometimes be the first signal of type 1 in those who are not diagnosed. Causes of DKA in type 1 diabetes include contagion, injury, serious illness, missed insulin doses, or stress ascribable to surgery .

DKA is less common in people with type 2 diabetes. If it occurs, it is typically less severe. Causes of DKA in type 2 diabetes include uncontrolled gamey blood carbohydrate for a long period of time, missing medicine doses, or a severe illness or infection .

hypoglycemia

When you eat besides much sugar, the surfeit is stored in the muscles and liver-colored. When blood sugar decreases, the liver releases what it has stored, raising the amount of carbohydrate in the blood. For some, particularly those with diabetes, their lineage sugar doesn ’ t go up enough and is below 70 mg/dL, causing hypoglycemia, or broken blood sugar .

possible symptoms of hypoglycemia include :

  • Fast breathing
  • Sweating or chills
  • Fast heartbeat
  • Confusion
  • Lightheadedness or dizziness
  • Nausea
  • Irritability
  • Hunger
  • Color draining from the skin
  • Sleepiness
  • Weakness
  • Blurred vision
  • Tingling or numbness in the lips, tongue, or cheeks
  • Headaches
  • Coordination problems
  • Seizures

hypoglycemia can happen to anyone, but for people with diabetes, hypoglycemia can occur as a side effect of the medicine they ’ rhenium taking. Eating foods high in carbohydrates normally helps raise your blood carbohydrate to normal levels. If hypoglycemia happens excessively frequently, they need to consult with their healthcare supplier to see if they need to change their treatment design .

hyperglycemia

Hyperglycemia is lineage glucose greater than 125 mg/dL while fast, which is defined as not eating for at least eight hours. It can occur in people with diabetes if they ’ rhenium eating besides many carbohydrates, taking their medicine incorrectly, or their medicine is not a effective as it should be. Stress and the dawn phenomenon, a rush of hormones that lead to high lineage boodle in the dawn, could besides lead to hyperglycemia .

  Symptoms of hyperglycemia can include :

  • Increased urination or thirst
  • Headache
  • Blurred vision
  • Fatigue
  • Slow-healing cuts and sores

Hyperglycemic hyperosmolar syndrome ( HHS ) can occur if you have a high lineage sugar level for a long clock. Signs of HHS can include :

  • Blood sugar over 600 mg/dL
  • Extreme thirst or dry mouth
  • Confusion, hallucinations, drowsiness, or passing out
  • Fever over 100.4 degrees F
  • Weakness or paralysis on one side of the body
  • Frequent urination
  • Blurred vision

HHS normally develops in people who do not have their type 2 diabetes under command and who have an infection, stopped taking their medications, have a kernel attack or stroke, or take medicine that can cause this condition, such as steroids and diuretics .

Increased susceptibility to Infections

high blood carbohydrate can negatively affect the immune system. It can lower the ability of white lineage cells to come to the locate of an infection and kill what is causing the infection. Nerve damage and difficulty breaking down and storing fats can contribute to an increased hazard of infection .

People with character 1 or type 2 diabetes are vulnerable to infections that can become life threaten, including :

  • Fungal infections, such as jock itch, athlete’s foot, ringworm, and vaginitis
  • Urinary tract infections
  • Bacterial infections of the skin and soft tissue that won’t heal

Signs of contagion can include fever, chills, afflictive throat or mouth sores, red or bulge, or pain with micturition .

diabetic Coma

A diabetic coma, where a person passes out ascribable to extremely moo or eminent blood carbohydrate, is an hand brake that requires immediate checkup care. Because extreme hypoglycemia or hyperglycemia can cause a diabetic coma, symptoms of these two conditions could be signs of a diabetic coma .

early circumstances can besides increase the risk of diabetic coma, such as :

  • Surgery or other bodily trauma
  • Illness or infection
  • Drinking alcohol
  • Skipping insulin doses
  • Poor diabetes management

diabetic ketoacidosis or hypoglycemia are more likely to cause a diabetic coma in those with type 1 diabetes, while HHS places people with type 2 diabetes more at gamble of this condition .

When to Call Your Healthcare Provider

You should call your healthcare supplier or 911 if you have diabetes and the following :

  • Your blood sugar is 300 mg/dL or higher two times in a row for an unknown reason.
  • You have a low blood sugar that has not come up after three treatments.

preeclampsia

Preeclampsia is pregnancy-induced high blood press ( high blood pressure ) and liver or kidney damage. It frequently occurs after the twentieth workweek of pregnancy. The risk of preeclampsia is two to four times higher among people with type 1 or type 2 diabetes .

The claim causal agent of preeclampsia is obscure. It is estimated to occur in about 3 % to 7 % of all pregnancies .

Women with preeclampsia often do not feel nauseated, but symptoms could include :

  • Swelling of the hands and face or eyes
  • Sudden weight gain over one to two days or more than two pounds a week
  • Headache that does not go away or becomes worse
  • Trouble breathing
  • Belly pain on the right side, below the ribs
  • Not urinating very often
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Vision changes, such as temporary blindness, seeing flashing lights or spots, sensitivity to light, and blurry vision
  • Feeling lightheaded or faint

Heart Attack or Stroke

evening when diabetes is controlled, high blood carbohydrate can still damage the blood vessels and nerves of the heart over the years. The longer you have diabetes, the higher the chances that you will develop center disease. This increases the risk of heart attack or stroke .

Signs of a heart attack can include :

  • Pain or pressure in your chest that lasts longer than a few minutes or goes away and returns
  • Pain or discomfort in one or both arms, or the shoulders, back, neck, or jaw
  • Shortness of breath
  • Sweating or lightheadedness
  • Feeling extreme fatigue
  • Indigestion or nausea

Women are more likely to experience nausea or vomit, back or call on the carpet annoyance, and shortness of breath as heart attack symptoms .

Signs of a stroke are :

  • Sudden numbness or weakness on one side of the body
  • Trouble seeing or walking
  • Sudden severe headaches with no known cause
  • Confusion, difficulty speaking or understanding speech

If you experience any of these symptoms, call 911 immediately .

prevention

To avoid a diabetic hand brake, you must manage your diabetes angstrom well as possible. Check your blood sugar frequently, and get into the habit of recognizing the early signs that levels are rising or dropping toward a dangerous image .

other tips to prevent a diabetic emergency include :

  • Eat regularly and avoid foods that are processed or have added sugar
  • Stay active and exercise regularly
  • Take medications as prescribed

It ’ mho besides a effective idea to carry snacks that you can eat to cursorily get sugar into your lineage to treat hypoglycemia. These might include raisins, sugarcoat, or glucose tablets .

For hyperglycemia, exert will lower your rake carbohydrate, but if your lineage sugar is above 240 mg/dL, you need to check your urine for ketones. Exercising with a gamey ketone level will raise your rake carbohydrate even higher .

If you are pregnant, your healthcare provider may recommend that you take daily low-dose aspirin to help prevent preeclampsia and its related complications .

A Word From Verywell

Managing diabetes and the possibility of diabetic emergencies can feel consuming, but these emergencies are largely preventable by keeping your condition under command .

Eating healthy, taking medicines as prescribed, exercising regularly, and recognizing the early signs of rising or falling blood sugar levels can help you keep these emergencies at bay and become prepare in the event that they do occur .

reference : https://www.bestofcalgary.city
Category : Health

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