What is hypoglycemia?
low rake carbohydrate, besides known as hypoglycemia, can be a dangerous stipulate. first gear lineage boodle can happen in people with diabetes who take medications that increase insulin levels in the body. Sulfonylureas and insulin are both types of medications that can increase a person ’ randomness insulin levels. Taking excessively much medication, skipping meals, eating less than normal, or exercising more than common can lead to low blood carbohydrate for these individuals. blood boodle is besides known as glucose. Glucose comes from food and serves as an authoritative department of energy reference for the body. Carbohydrates — foods such as rice, potatoes, boodle, tortilla, cereal, fruit, vegetables, and milk — are the body ’ s main reservoir of glucose.
After you eat, glucose is absorbed into your bloodstream, where it travels to your body ’ s cells. A hormone called insulin, which is made in the pancreas, helps your cells use glucose for energy. If you eat more glucose than you need, your body will store it in your liver-colored and muscles or change it into fat so it can be used for energy when it ’ s needed former. Without enough glucose, your consistency can not perform its normal functions. In the short term, people who aren ’ triiodothyronine on medications that increase insulin have adequate glucose to maintain blood boodle levels, and the liver can make glucose if needed. however, for those on these specific medications, a short-run reduction in blood boodle can cause a lot of problems. Your blood sugar is considered low when it drops below 70 mg/dL. Immediate treatment for low blood boodle levels is important to prevent more serious symptoms from developing.
What are the symptoms of hypoglycemia?
Symptoms of low lineage sugar can occur on the spur of the moment. They include :
- pale skin
- blurry vision
- rapid heartbeat
- sudden mood changes
- sudden nervousness
- unexplained fatigue
- difficulty sleeping
- skin tingling
- trouble thinking clearly or concentrating
- loss of consciousness, seizure, coma
People with hypoglycemic unknowingness do not know their lineage sugar is dropping. If you have this condition, your blood sugar can drop without you noticing it. Without immediate treatment, you can faint, experience a seizure, or even go into a coma .
What to do if you have symptoms
very low blood sugar is a medical hand brake. If person you know has diabetes and they ’ ra experiencing mild to moderate symptoms, have them eat or drink 15 grams of well digestible carbohydrates, such as :
- half a cup of juice or regular soda
- 1 tablespoon of honey
- 4 or 5 saltine crackers
- 3 or 4 pieces of hard candy or glucose tablets
- 1 tablespoon of sugar
If person is having a severe chemical reaction, such as unconsciousness, it ’ sulfur authoritative to administer a medication called glucagon and liaison hand brake services immediately. People who are at risk for low lineage boodle should talk with their doctor about getting a prescription drug for glucagon. You should never give an unconscious person anything by mouth, as it could cause them to choke.
What causes hypoglycemia?
moo blood carbohydrate can occur for a number of reasons. It ’ sulfur normally a side effect of diabetes treatment .
Possible causes with diabetes
Diabetes affects your torso ’ s ability to use insulin. Think of insulin as the cardinal that unlocks your cells, letting glucose in for energy. People with diabetes use a diverseness of treatments to help their bodies use the glucose in their lineage. Among these are oral medications that increase insulin production and insulin injections. If you take besides much of these types of medications, your rake sugar may drop excessively low. People besides sometimes experience low rake sugar when planning to eat a big meal, but then they do not eat enough. Skipping meals, eating less than normal, or eating late than normal but taking your medication at your normal fourth dimension can besides lead to abject lineage sugar levels. unintentional excess physical activeness without eating adequate can besides cause a flatten in rake sugar levels. Drinking alcohol when you ’ re on these medications can besides lead to low blood sugar, particularly if it replaces food. When the body is trying to get rid of alcohol it becomes worse at managing blood sugar levels .
Possible causes without diabetes
You don ’ t have to have diabetes to experience first gear blood boodle. Some other causes of low blood sugar include :
- certain medications, such as quinine
- some medical conditions, such as hepatitis or kidney disorders
- a tumor that produces excess insulin
- endocrine disorders, such as adrenal gland deficiency
How is hypoglycemia diagnosed?
If you suspect you have low rake sugar, it ’ mho important to check your lineage sugar right away. If you don ’ t have a meter and you ’ re on diabetes medications that increase insulin, spill with your doctor about getting a blood glucose meter. If you experience low blood boodle often — say, a few times a week — see your doctor justly away to determine why. Your doctor will begin your visit by requesting your medical history, asking questions about your eating habits, and learning more about the symptoms you ’ ra have. If you don ’ t have diabetes but suspect you have hypoglycemia, spill with your repair about your symptoms. They will perform a forcible interrogation. They will use three criteria, sometimes referred to as “ Whipple ’ mho trio, ” to diagnose first gear blood sugar. These include :
- Signs and symptoms of low blood sugar. Your doctor may require you to fast, or abstain from drinking and eating for an extended period of time, so they can observe your low blood sugar signs and symptoms.
- Documentation of low blood sugar when your signs and symptoms occur. Your doctor will order a blood test to analyze your blood sugar levels in a laboratory.
- Disappearance of the signs and symptoms of low blood sugar. Your doctor will want to know whether the signs and symptoms go away when your blood sugar levels are raised.
Your doctor may send you home plate with a blood glucose meter — a little, hand-held rake testing device — to track your blood sugar over meter at home plate. They will give you instructions to test your lineage sugar during certain times of the day, such as after waking up and after eating meals. To perform a blood sugar test, you will need to prick your finger with a lancet arch ( provided in your blood glucose test kit ). You ’ ll put a humble sample of blood from this onto a clean inserted into the blood glucose meter.
If you don ’ t have a lineage sugar testing machine on hand and are experiencing signs or symptoms of low blood sugar with diabetes, those symptoms may be adequate to diagnose first gear blood sugar. Be surely to treat it right away. Use the tips for eating 15 grams of carbohydrate described above. Test again in 15 minutes, and if your blood carbohydrate is not increasing, treat with another 15 grams of carbs. If your lineage carbohydrate remains unresponsive, contact your doctor or hand brake services properly away. When in doubt, treat. Symptoms of low blood carbohydrate normally get worse if they ’ re left untreated. Make an appointment to see your doctor if you have diabetes and experience gloomy rake carbohydrate levels frequently, or if you have symptoms, even if you don ’ t have diabetes .
How is hypoglycemia treated?
When your blood sugar levels are excessively first gear, eating something made of carbohydrates is cardinal. If you have diabetes, try to keep high-carbohydrate snacks on hand. The American Diabetes Association recommends that your bite have at least 15 grams of carbohydrates. Some good snacks to keep on handwriting include :
- glucose tablets
- hard candies
- non-diet soda or juice
- honey or table sugar
- jelly beans or gum drops
You besides can take glucose tablets to quickly raise your blood boodle if it ’ sulfur first gear. These are available without a prescription. It ’ sulfur significant to check how many grams are in each pill before taking them. Aim to get 15 to 20 grams of carbohydrates. Wait 15 minutes after eating or taking a glucose pad, and test your blood sugar again. If your blood sugar is not going up, eat another 15 grams of carbohydrates or take another drug of glucose tablets. Repeat this until your lineage carbohydrate level starts to rise. If your regularly scheduled meal is not for a while, eat a modest bite after the low blood sugar sequence. Be surely not to overeat ! This could lead to blood sugar levels that are besides high .
Complications from spells of hypoglycemia
gently low lineage carbohydrate levels are slightly common for people with diabetes ; however, hard first gear blood carbohydrate levels can be life threatening. They may lead to seizures and nervous system damage if left untreated long adequate. Immediate treatment is critical. It ’ sulfur significant to learn to recognize your symptoms and treat them fast. For people at risk for low blood sugar, having a glucagon kit — a medicine that raises blood boodle levels — is authoritative. spill with your doctor for more information. You may besides want to talk with friends, family members, drill partners, and co-workers about how to care for you if your rake sugar drops besides gloomy. It ’ sulfur important for them to learn to recognize low blood carbohydrate symptoms and know how to use the glucagon kit out, a well as understand the importance of calling 911 if you lose consciousness. Wearing a medical identification bracelet is a good idea. It can help emergency responders care for you by rights if you need hand brake attention. Treat abject lineage carbohydrate angstrom soon as possible. Avoid driving if you are experiencing low blood boodle, as it can increase your risk for having an accident.
How can episodes of hypoglycemia be prevented?
There are respective ways that you can prevent low blood boodle .
regularly checking your blood boodle tied can help you keep it in your target range. If you ’ ve had low blood sugar episodes in the past, you may want to check your blood boodle levels before driving or operating machinery. spill the beans with your doctor about when and how much you should check your blood sugar .
Consider having a bite before you leave your home plate, if you know it will be more than 5 hours until your following full meal or if your blood carbohydrate levels are less than 100 mg/dL. It ’ s a dear idea to keep carbohydrate-rich snacks on pass at all times in case your blood sugar dips while you ’ re out and about. As mentioned above, some dependable choices include granola bars, fresh or dry fruit, fruit juice, pretzels, and cookies .
Fuel during exercise
drill uses up department of energy, so it can quickly cause your blood sugar to drop if you haven ’ thyroxine eaten correctly advance. First, check your blood sugar 1 to 2 hours before exercising to make indisputable it ’ s within your aim stove before engaging in use. If it ’ south besides abject, eat a small meal or carbohydrate-rich bite. If you plan to exercise for an hour or more, consume extra carbohydrates during your exercise. use gels, sports drinks, granola bars, and even candy bars can provide the body with a promptly abound of glucose during exercise. workplace with your healthcare team to come up with the proper program for you. Moderate to intense drill can cause blood glucose to flatten for up to 24 hours after exercise. It ’ south significant to check your blood glucose immediately after exercise and every 2 to 4 hours subsequently up until you go to sleep. Avoid intense drill immediately before go to bed.
Listen to your doctor
If you follow a meal plan or take medications that increase insulin to manage depleted blood sugar, it ’ mho authoritative to stick to the plan your doctor prescribed to help prevent drops in your blood sugar charge. not eating the good foods or taking the veracious medications at the right times can cause your blood boodle to drop. Check in often with your repair so they can adjust your treatment plan if and when necessary. Read this article in spanish .