Classification of Vegetables | Cultivation & Practices of Medicinal Plants and Crops on Farm and Field | Horticulture and Agriculture | https://www.bestofcalgary.city

Classification of Vegetables

Vegetables may be classified on the basis of life cycle, edible or economic parts of the plant (use), adaptation, and botanical features.

Life Cycle

Based on life cycle, vegetables may be classified as annuals, biennials, or perennials.

  1. Annual: Most vegetable garden crops are true annuals, such as corn ( Zea mays ), or are cultivated as annuals, such as tomato ( Lycopersicon esculentum ). These plants are selected for either fall or summer cultivation. They require a few weeks to several months to adulthood, depending on the cultivar .
  2. Biennial: Few popular vegetable garden crops are biennials, and, even then, they are frequently cultivated as annuals and replanted each season. Examples are carbohydrate beet ( Beta vulgaris ) and carrot ( Daucus carota ) .
  3. Perennial:   Whenever perennial vegetable garden crops are cultivated, they must be strategically located so as not to interfere with seasonal worker land cooking activities needed for planting annual crops. These plants may be pruned to control growth or to remove dead tissue. Examples are asparagus ( Asparagus officinalis ) and horseradish ( Rorippa armoracia ) .

Edible or Economic Parts

Vegetables may be operationally classified according to the parts of the plant harvested for food or other uses.

  1. Pods: Pods are legumes that are harvested prematurely, cooked, and eat with the seeds inside. When harvest is delayed, pods develop fiber and become stringy and undesirable for fresh manipulation. Examples are green bean and okra.

  2. Roots : sometimes primary coil establish parts ( bow etymon, and leaf ) may become modified as storehouse organs for food. Roots may become enlarged as a leave of the accumulation of stored food.
    The roots are grok and eat baked, boiled, or fried. An case is a sweet potato.

  3. Bulbs: Like roots, bulbs are modified stems and leaves, as found in onions. The bow is highly compressed to form what is called a basal plate, while the leaves are memory organs.

  4. Tubers: Tubers look like modified roots. The deviation between them is that tubers are well up stems, whereas roots are well roots .
  5. Greens: Greens are vegetable crops whose leaves are normally picked at tender stages to be used for food. The leaves are by and large cooked before being eaten .

Adaptation

Just like fruits, certain vegetable species prefer cool temperatures during production, and others prefer warm temperatures. Based on seasons in which they grow best, vegetables may be classified
into two groupings.

  1. Cool season:  Cool-season crops require monthly temperatures of 15-18°C (60-65°F). Examples are sugar beet (Beta vulgaris) and cabbage (Brassica oleraceae).
  2. Warm season: Warm-season crops prefer monthly temperatures of 18-27°C. Examples are okra (Hibiscus esculentus), eggplant (Solanum melongena), corn (Zea mays), and shallot (Allium cepa).

It should be mentioned that plant breeders have developed cultivars with wide adaptation for many crop species. For example, popular garden crops including corn, tomato, and pepper are grown over a wide range of climates. Even though cultivars with cold or heat tolerance may have been bred for different crops, commercial large-scale production occurs in regions of best adaptation of these crops, unless production is under a controlled environment (greenhouse).

Botanical Features

Vegetables may be classified according to specific botanical characteristics they share in common.

  1. Vines: Vines are plants with stems that need physical support; without it they creep on the ground or climb onto other nearby plants in cultivation. Examples are squash, pumpkin, and cucumber.
  2. Solanaceous plants: Solanaceous plants belong to the family Solanaceae. Examples are eggplant, tomato, and pepper.
  3. Cole crops: Cole plants belong to the Brassica family. Examples are cabbage, cauliflower, and broccoli (Brassica oleraceae var botrytis).

Vegetables may be classified on the basis of life cycle, comestible or economic parts of the implant ( use ), adaptation, and botanical features.Based on life cycle, vegetables may be classified as annuals, biennials, or perennials.Vegetables may be operationally classified according to the parts of the plant harvested for food or early uses.Just like fruits, certain vegetable species prefer cool temperatures during output, and others prefer affectionate temperatures. Based on seasons in which they grow best, vegetables may be classified into two groupings.It should be mentioned that plant breeders have developed cultivars with wide adaptation for many crop species. For model, popular garden crops including corn, tomato, and capsicum are grown over a wide range of climates. even though cultivars with cold or heat allowance may have been bred for unlike crops, commercial large-scale production occurs in regions of best adaptation of these crops, unless production is under a controlled environment ( greenhouse ) .Vegetables may be classified according to specific botanical characteristics they share in common .

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