Liver cancer – Symptoms and causes


Liver cancer

Liver cancer

Liver cancer

Liver cancer begins in the cells of the liver-colored. The most park form of liver cancer begins in cells called hepatocytes and is called hepatocellular carcinoma .
Liver cancer is cancer that begins in the cells of your liver. Your liver is a football-sized organ that sits in the upper properly share of your abdomen, beneath your diaphragm and above your stomach .
respective types of cancer can form in the liver-colored. The most common type of liver cancer is hepatocellular carcinoma, which begins in the independent type of liver-colored cell ( hepatocyte ). early types of liver cancer, such as intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma and hepatoblastoma, are much less common.

cancer that spreads to the liver is more coarse than cancer that begins in the liver cells. cancer that begins in another area of the body — such as the colon, lung or front — and then spreads to the liver is called metastatic cancer rather than liver cancer. This type of cancer is named after the electric organ in which it began — such as metastatic colon cancer to describe cancer that begins in the colon and spreads to the liver .



The liver

The liver, located above the stomach

The liver

The liver is your largest internal organ. About the size of a football, it ‘s located chiefly in the upper berth right part of your abdomen, beneath the diaphragm and above your digest .
Most people do n’t have signs and symptoms in the early on stages of primary coil liver cancer. When signs and symptoms do appear, they may include :

  • Losing weight without trying
  • Loss of appetite
  • Upper abdominal pain
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • General weakness and fatigue
  • Abdominal swelling
  • Yellow discoloration of your skin and the whites of your eyes (jaundice)
  • White, chalky stools

When to see a doctor

Make an appointment with your doctor if you experience any signs or symptoms that worry you .


Liver cancer happens when liver cells develop changes ( mutations ) in their deoxyribonucleic acid. A cell ‘s deoxyribonucleic acid is the fabric that provides instructions for every chemical process in your body. deoxyribonucleic acid mutations cause changes in these instructions. One leave is that cells may begin to grow out of operate and finally form a tumor — a mass of cancerous cells.

sometimes the campaign of liver cancer is known, such as with chronic hepatitis infections. But sometimes liver cancer happens in people with no underlying diseases and it ‘s not clear what causes it .

Risk factors

Factors that increase the risk of chief liver cancer include :

  • Chronic infection with HBV or HCV. Chronic infection with the hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis C virus (HCV) increases your risk of liver cancer.
  • Cirrhosis. This progressive and irreversible condition causes scar tissue to form in your liver and increases your chances of developing liver cancer.
  • Certain inherited liver diseases. Liver diseases that can increase the risk of liver cancer include hemochromatosis and Wilson’s disease.
  • Diabetes. People with this blood sugar disorder have a greater risk of liver cancer than those who don’t have diabetes.
  • Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. An accumulation of fat in the liver increases the risk of liver cancer.
  • Exposure to aflatoxins. Aflatoxins are poisons produced by molds that grow on crops that are stored poorly. Crops, such as grains and nuts, can become contaminated with aflatoxins, which can end up in foods made of these products.
  • Excessive alcohol consumption. Consuming more than a moderate amount of alcohol daily over many years can lead to irreversible liver damage and increase your risk of liver cancer.


Reduce your risk of cirrhosis

cirrhosis is scarring of the liver-colored, and it increases the risk of liver cancer. You can reduce your risk of cirrhosis if you :

  • Drink alcohol in moderation, if at all. If you choose to drink alcohol, limit the amount you drink. For women, this means no more than one drink a day. For men, this means no more than two drinks a day.
  • Maintain a healthy weight. If your current weight is healthy, work to maintain it by choosing a healthy diet and exercising most days of the week. If you need to lose weight, reduce the number of calories you eat each day and increase the amount of exercise you do. Aim to lose weight slowly — 1 or 2 pounds (0.5 to 1 kilograms) each week.

Get vaccinated against hepatitis B

You can reduce your risk of hepatitis B by receiving the hepatitis B vaccine. The vaccine can be given to about anyone, including infants, older adults and those with compromise immune systems .

Take measures to prevent hepatitis C

No vaccine for hepatitis C exists, but you can reduce your risk of infection .

  • Know the health status of any sexual partner. Don’t engage in unprotected sex unless you’re certain your partner isn’t infected with HBV, HCV or any other sexually transmitted infection. If you don’t know the health status of your partner, use a condom every time you have sexual intercourse.
  • Don’t use intravenous (IV) drugs, but if you do, use a clean needle. Reduce your risk of HCV by not injecting illegal drugs. But if that isn’t an option for you, make sure any needle you use is sterile, and don’t share it. Contaminated drug paraphernalia is a common cause of hepatitis C infection. Take advantage of needle-exchange programs in your community and consider seeking help for your drug use.
  • Seek safe, clean shops when getting a piercing or tattoo. Needles that may not be properly sterilized can spread the hepatitis C virus. Before getting a piercing or tattoo, check out the shops in your area and ask staff members about their safety practices. If employees at a shop refuse to answer your questions or don’t take your questions seriously, take that as a sign that the facility isn’t right for you.

Seek treatment for hepatitis B or C infection

Treatments are available for hepatitis B and hepatitis C infections. research shows that treatment can reduce the risk of liver cancer .

Ask your doctor about liver cancer screening

For the general population, screening for liver cancer has n’t been proved to reduce the risk of dying of liver cancer, and it is n’t broadly recommended. People with conditions that increase the risk of liver cancer might consider screening, such as people who have :

Read more: Wikipedia

  • Hepatitis B infection
  • Hepatitis C infection
  • Liver cirrhosis

Discuss the pros and cons of screening with your repair. together you can decide whether screen is correct for you based on your gamble. Screening typically involves a rake test and an abdominal ultrasound examination every six months .

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