Hematuria: The presence of red blood cells in the urine – Urology at UCLA
Affiliated : bladder Cancer | Kidney Cancer | Kideny Stones | Expert Second Opinion
Hematuria – the presence of red blood cells in the urine – can be caused by a number of different conditions.
Most of them are not good and will cursorily resolve themselves. arduous exercise and medications such as certain laxatives, aspirin and penicillin can allow lineage to leak into the urine, for example, and these are problems that will go away on their own. Certain foods ( beets, berries, pieplant ) can give the urine a red, blood-like appearance that is nothing to worry about. But because hematuria can besides be a symptom of a urinary nerve pathway infection or a more serious perturb, including kidney disease and cancer, it should never be ignored.
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Types and Symptoms
It ’ s estimated that one in 10 people will experience hematuria. The rake in the urine is not constantly visible to the naked center ; it can be microscopic, discovered only when the urine is being checked for other reasons. Gross hematuria, the type that can be easily seen, tends to appear as red, pink, or dark brown. It international relations and security network ’ thymine constantly irritating, it may or may not be associated with early symptoms, and it could be dogged or intermittent. The sum of blood in the urine – or whether it is microscopic or crude – doesn ’ t necessarily indicate whether the problem is serious – or whether there is a problem at all. Hematuria plainly means that somewhere in the genitourinary tract – either in the bladder, the kidneys, the ureters ( the tubes that carry the urine into the bladder ), the urethra ( the tube carrying the urine out of the body ), and in men, the prostate – red blood cells are leaking into the urine, requiring farther probe.
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Among the most benign causes is arduous exercise – particularly long-distance running, which tends to jar the bladder. other common causes include certain medications, urinary tract infections ( peculiarly common among women ), urinary tract blockages, benign prostate hyperplasia ( in middle-aged and older men ), kidney and bladder stones, kidney disease, physical trauma to the kidneys, a sexually transmit disease, and certain inherit disorders such as sickle cell disease and lupus. Hematuria can besides be the first sign of prostate gland, kidney, or bladder cancer .
A physical examination, personal and family history, and variety of tests may be given in an campaign to pinpoint the cause of hematuria. These include urinalysis, blood tests, imaging tests, and cystoscopy, which injects a tube with a bantam camera to take pictures inside the bladder. Sometimes the induce can not be determined, but at minimal certain conditions can be eliminated .