Do you know which part of the country is nicknamed the “Stone Belt”? Find out this and other fascinating facts about these mineral deposits formed by the human body.
You may have heard the oft-cited factoid that kidney stones are arsenic painful as childbirth, but do you know what kidney stones are made of or how to prevent them ? here we ’ ll expect into the foreign, storm and even “ shocking ” truths about them .
1. More than one type of stone exists
There are four major types of kidney stones : calcium, struvite, uric acid and cystine. At around 80 % of stones, the calcium type is the most coarse .
Struvite stones sometimes occur after repeated urinary tract infections. uric acidic stones form when urine is excessively acidic. Cystine stones, which are the rare, form ascribable to a familial perturb .
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“ Calcium and cystine stones are difficult, ” says Jamal Nabhani, MD, a urologist at Keck Medicine of USC and adjunct professor of clinical urology at the Keck School of Medicine of USC. “ Struvite stones tend to be softer and larger, sometimes taking up the integral area where urine collects in the kidney. They ’ rhenium called staghorn stones, because they can look like taurus horns. ”
uric acid stones, in particular, can be slippery to diagnose without the correct tools. “ Although uric acid and calcium stones are often like in appearance, you can ’ thymine see uric acid stones on an x-ray, ” Nabhani says. A connecticut scan is much used for diagnosis .
2. Kidney stones can come in almost any color
Although kidney stones can have versatile hues, “ most kidney stones have a yellow appearance, ” Nabhani says. “ Some have darker inner portions. ” The open of kidney stones may either be smooth or jagged .
3. Kidney stones can be many different sizes
You may have heard that passing a kidney pit is equitable arsenic atrocious as childbirth — and while that may be true in some instances, the trouble tied depends on the supreme headquarters allied powers europe and size of the stone .
Kidney stones can be the size of a pea or — although rare — can grow to the size of a golf ball. The largest kidney rock always recorded, according to Guinness World Records, was merely over 5 inches at its widest decimal point. Although identical humble stones can pass without you flush noticing, the larger they are, the more they normally hurt .
4. Certain foods can cause stones — but not calcium
ironically, although kidney stones are often made up of calcium, they are not caused by calcium consumption itself. “ calcium does not normally affect stone formation, unless you are eating much, much more than the recommend daily sum, ” Nabhani explains. “ We recommend most patients with kidney stones eat the daily recommend sum of calcium. ”
so what foods do lead to kidney stones ?
“ senior high school strategic arms limitation talks and nondairy animal protein — all types of meat, gripe, chicken, pisces and pork barrel — are associated with increased rock formation, ” Nabhani says .
Salt keeps calcium from being absorbed by the body .
“ In summation, foods rich in oxalate, such as nuts, cocoa, spinach and tea, may cause increased stone constitution, ” he adds .
5. Water can stave off stones
Salt may lead to stones, but good honest-to-god H2O can help prevent them .
“ Water inhalation is the individual most important dietary risk agent for kidney stone constitution, ” Nabhani says. “ not drinking enough water is estimated to play a function in 50 % of kidney stones. We recommend patients drink enough water to make 2.5 liters ( about 10.5 cups ) of urine per day, or try to keep their urine absolved to very pale scandalmongering. ”
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6. Kidney stones are more common in summer and in hotter climates
There ’ s a reason summer is called kidney stone season .
“ Hot weather leads to dehydration, which causes more kidney stones in warm climates, ” Nabhani says. “ The southeastern United States is known as the ‘ Stone Belt, ’ because the incidence of kidney stones is higher in this ardent region. Drink your water, particularly if it ’ randomness hot ! ”
If you regularly sweat a fortune during practice, such as with hot yoga, be surely to stay hydrated angstrom well .
7. More than 1 in 10 people will have a kidney stone at some point in their lives
unfortunately, kidney stones are common .
“ It ’ s estimated that 12 % of Americans will develop a kidney rock in their life — and the incidence is rising, ” Nabhani says .
Kidney stones in women are less coarse than in men .
8. Once you have one stone, you’re more likely to have another
One kidney stone may not be all you always have in your life, either. If you ’ ve had one, you have a 50 % hazard of developing another in the next five years. so once you experience a stone, it ’ mho particularly important to follow your doctor ’ randomness recommendations .
9. Kidney stones are linked to other conditions
One reason the incidence of kidney stones may be rising is that one of the risk factors, fleshiness, is besides on the lift. In addition to fleshiness, “ diabetes, metabolic disturbances, perennial urinary tract infections and parathyroid gland disease are associated with kidney stone formation, ” Nabhani says.
10. Kidney stones can be treated with shock waves
One way to treat certain kidney stones is with extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy, which uses high-octane reasoned waves as a noninvasive way to break up certain kidney stones so they ’ ra easier to pass. You still need to be given anesthesia before this procedure .
by Tina Donvito
Do you think you have a kidney stone ? Our adept urologists can help. If you are in the Los Angeles area, request an appointment or call ( 800 ) USC-CARE ( 800-872-2273 ) .