Medications for GERD Treatment –

GERD Medications: Over the Counter and Prescription

Therapy though medicines may be the most allow future step for the treatment of GERD, if diet and life style changes alone do not resolve symptoms. For many patients, treatment with medicines will reduce heartburn and ebb symptoms. Patients with more severe symptoms may alone experience overtone symptom command through medicines .
Acid inhibition is the main function of GERD checkup therapy. Three types of medicines are normally used to treat GERD : antacids, h2-receptors (H2RAs) and proton pump inhibitors (PPIs). Some drugs are available as over the counter ( OTC ) medications and others are available by prescription only. PPIs are the most normally used drug to treat GERD symptoms and to heal esophagitis .

Types of Medications Used for Treating GERD

  • Antacids: This type of medication directly neutralizes gastric acid and provides rapid but temporary relief. Antacids are usually consumed in frequent doses as needed, and most are available over the counter.
  • H2RAs: H2RAs reduce the amount of acid produced in the stomach by inhibiting the release of histamine, the principal stimulus for acid secretion in the stomach. Clinical trials evaluating histamine for the treatment of GERD showed only modest benefit over a placebo. Also, several studies have revealed drug tolerance to H2RAs as early as two weeks after beginning therapy. This means that patients experience a reduced reaction to a given dosage relatively quickly after starting to use it.
  • PPIs: PPIs are the most effective medical therapy to treat GERD. PPIs work by blocking the mechanism that produces stomach acid. This lowers the acidity of the digestive fluids involved in reflux, and thus reduces reflux symptoms. PPIs are available in both prescription and over-the-counter strengths.

While effective at reducing the acidity of digestive fluids in the upper GI tract, research has indicated that PPIs do not address anatomic deficiencies which much are the root lawsuit of abnormal ebb .

Risks of Long-Term PPI Use for Treating Reflux

PPIs are by and large approved by the FDA for eight weeks of use for the heal of esophagitis, and they are safe and effective for most patients. however, studies evaluating PPI use over an extended period of time demonstrate several likely long-run concerns including :

See the FDA Proton Pump Inhibitor Safety page for details on long-run side-effects of PPI use .

Limitations of Medications for Treating GERD

medication can help control symptoms such as heartburn by reducing the sourness of reflux, but it does not change the amount or quantity of reflux. As a result, it can leave early symptoms such as trouble accept, frequent regurgitation, or chronic respiratory problems unresolved .
If the medicine regimen is stopped, reflux-related symptoms typically recur. This can lead to dependence on these medicines. Over time, the medicine can lose its potency, requiring higher doses or more mighty medicines .
Having reflux from time to time is normal; having it interrupt your life is not. If you suffer symptoms of reflux doubly or more per week, you may have GERD. Take the GERD-HRQL surveil if you suspect a trouble.

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