4.1 Internalization of Extrinsic Motivation
Within SDT, extrinsically motivate behaviors can become more autonomous through a march in which people internalize the values and regulations associated with the behaviors. internalization is the serve of taking in a value or regulation and making it one ’ s own. When the process functions optimally, individuals will have transformed an outwardly regulated extrinsic motivation into an internally regulated extrinsic motivation by integrating the regulation and its value into their sense of self. internalization has long been an important concept in many psychological theories. The theme is that the challenge of becoming self-acting of activities that are important for people but are not themselves personally compelling can be met through the process of internalization. To be self-acting, people must make inner what was initially external. The thing that makes SDT ’ s conceptualization of internalization different from most others is that it includes different types or degrees of internalization. In other words, SDT proposes that regulations can be internalized more or less amply, such that people will, to differing degrees, accept the regulations as personally authoritative for themselves and, thus, be more or less autonomous in enacting them. As such, there will be differences in the extent to which people do a demeanor because they want to rather than because they believe that they have to, and this will reflect the degree to which the regulation has been internalized. thus, SDT views internalization in terms of a continuum that describes how in full the person has transformed an external motivate into an internal regulation that will allow volitional or “ choiceful ” behavior. This continuum, therefore, illustrates how implemental ( i.e., extrinsic ) motivation for a behavior can range from passive voice submission to active personal commitment. One cause why this relative autonomy continuum is sol important is that it addresses an significant problem about internal rule of behavior. specifically, there are behaviors that people force themselves to do because they think they should do them and know they will feel guilty if they do not. The regulation of these behaviors is surely inner to these people, but it does not exhibit the qualities of volition or autonomy that, for example, are so apparent in intrinsic motivation. SDT uses the concept of introjection to refer to the character of internalization that leads to this internally blackmail regulation. In contrast, there are behaviors that people do not find interesting but that have become meaningful and authoritative for their own self-selected goals and personal life plans. As such, people do these behaviors quite autonomously, flush though the behaviors themselves are not inherently satisfying. In SDT, this is said to occur as people identify with the importance of the activities for themselves and then integrate that identification with other aspects of themselves. When this has occurred, people will feel fully autonomous as they enact an extrinsically motivated behavior because it would then emanate from their integrated sense of self.
The former exemplar, of introjection, is about controlling oneself, and the process bears considerable similarity to being controlled by early people. The latter example, in contrast, is more about making a choice to do the activeness because, all things considered, doing so feel desirable and right. frankincense, in the latter case, people experience a truly inner PLOC, even though the demeanor is still instrumental, that is, done for reasons other than the use of the activity itself. This important contrast, between what might be thought of as self-control and self-regulation, is highlighted in the SDT model of extrinsic motivation.
More specifically, the theory states that there are diverse forms of extrinsic motivation : one where the regulation is external to the person, one where the regulation has been merely introject and so must be buttressed by home honor or punishment ( for example, guilt ) contingencies, one where the person has identified with the importance of the behavior for himself or herself, and one where the regulation has been fully integrated with other aspects of the person ’ mho self. Although the latter three of these all represent home motivation, they vary in the academic degree to which the behaviors they motivate are autonomous. Integrated regulation represents a relatively full moon common sense of volition and personal committedness, with introjection representing a relative lack of these qualities ( Fig. 1 ).
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intrinsic motivation and in full desegregate extrinsic motivation are the two bases for autonomous or self-determined behaviors. More than three decades of research have immediately shown that the choice of people ’ s know and operation change as a officiate of the academic degree to which a behavior is autonomous or self-determined. therefore, when people have identified with and integrated the regulation of an extrinsically motivated behavior, the behavior shares many of the qualities of behaviors that are intrinsically motivated. not only do people feel a sense of option and feel an internal PLOC, but more importantly, autonomous extrinsic motivation, like intrinsic motivation, is positively related to psychological wellbeing angstrom well as to learning outcomes and effective performance, specially on activities that require a abstruse or fuller date with the natural process .