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insertion of the penis into the anus or other sexual activeness involving the anus

An example of anal sex Anal sex or anal intercourse is by and large the insertion and thrust of the tumid penis into a person ‘s anus, or anus and rectum, for intimate pleasure. [ 1 ] [ 2 ] [ 3 ] other forms of anal sex include fingering, the use of sexual activity toys for anal penetration, oral sex performed on the anus ( anilingus ), and pegging. [ 4 ] [ 5 ] Although anal sex most normally means penile–anal penetration, [ 3 ] [ 4 ] [ 6 ] sources sometimes use anal intercourse to entirely denote penile–anal penetration, and anal sex to denote any kind of anal intimate action, specially between pairings as opposed to anal masturbation. [ 6 ] [ 7 ]

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While anal sexual activity is normally associated with male homosexuality, research shows that not all gay men engage in anal sex and that it is not rare in heterosexual relationships. [ 2 ] [ 8 ] [ 9 ] Types of anal arouse can besides be a function of lesbian sexual practices. [ 10 ] People may experience joy from anal sexual activity by stimulation of the anal nerve endings, and orgasm may be achieved through anal penetration – by indirect stimulation of the prostate gland in men, indirect stimulation of the clitoris or an area of the vagina ( sometimes called the G-spot ) in women, and other sensational nerves ( particularly the pudendal nerve ). [ 2 ] [ 4 ] [ 11 ] however, people may besides find anal sex painful, sometimes extremely therefore, [ 12 ] [ 13 ] which may be due to psychological factors in some cases. [ 13 ] As with most forms of sexual natural process, anal arouse participants risk contracting sexually transmitted infections ( STIs ). anal sex is considered a bad sexual exercise because of the vulnerability of the anus and rectum. The anal and rectal tissues are delicate and do not provide lubrication like the vagina does, so they can easily tear and permit disease transmission, specially if a personal lubricant is not used. [ 3 ] [ 2 ] [ 14 ] Anal sexual activity without protective covering of a condom is considered the riskiest form of sexual natural process, [ 14 ] [ 15 ] [ 16 ] and therefore health authorities such as the World Health Organization ( WHO ) recommend safe sex practices for anal sexual activity. [ 17 ] potent views are often expressed about anal sex. It is controversial in versatile cultures, particularly with respect to religious prohibitions. This is normally due to prohibitions against anal sexual activity among males or teachings about the generative determination of sexual action. [ 5 ] [ 7 ] It may be considered taboo or affected, and is a criminal umbrage in some countries, penal by bodily or capital punishment. [ 5 ] [ 7 ] By contrast, anal sexual activity may besides be considered a natural and valid form of sexual activity a carry through as other desired sexual expressions, and can be an enhance or primary component of a person ‘s sex life. [ 5 ] [ 7 ]

Anatomy and stimulation

male genital human body, showing the localization of the prostate gland with deference to the rectum The abundance of heart endings in the anal region and rectum can make anal sex enjoyable for men or women. [ 4 ] [ 2 ] [ 5 ] The inner and external sphincter muscles control the orifice and close of the anus ; these muscles, which are medium membranes made up of many nerve endings, facilitate pleasure or pain during anal sex. [ 2 ] [ 5 ] Human Sexuality: An Encyclopedia states that “ the inside third of the anal canal is less sensitive to touch than the forbidden two-thirds, but is more medium to pressure ” and that “ the rectum is a arch pipe about eight or nine inches long and has the capacity, like the anus, to expand ”. [ 5 ] research indicates that anal sex occurs importantly less frequently than other intimate behaviors, [ 1 ] but its association with dominance and submission, deoxyadenosine monophosphate well as taboo, makes it an appealing stimulation to people of all intimate orientations. [ 5 ] [ 18 ] [ 19 ] In addition to sexual penetration by the penis, people may use sex toys such as a dildo, a border chew or anal beads, engage in finger, anilingus, peg, anal masturbation or fisting for anal sexual action, and unlike sex positions may besides be included. [ 5 ] [ 20 ] Fisting is the least drill of the activities, [ 21 ] partially because it is uncommon that people can relax enough to accommodate an object arsenic big as a fist being inserted into the anus. [ 5 ] In a male receptive spouse, being anally penetrated can produce a enjoyable sensation due to the inserted penis rub or brush against the prostate gland through the anal wall. [ 4 ] [ 11 ] This can result in enjoyable sensations and can lead to an orgasm in some cases. [ 4 ] [ 11 ] Prostate foreplay can produce a deeper orgasm, sometimes described by men as more far-flung and intense, longer-lasting, and allowing for greater feelings of adam than orgasm elicited by penile stimulation only. [ 4 ] [ 11 ] The prostate gland is located future to the rectum and is the larger, more develop male homologue ( variation ) to the female Skene ‘s glands. [ 22 ] It is besides typical for a man to not reach orgasm as a receptive partner entirely from anal sex. [ 23 ] [ 24 ] General statistics indicate that 70–80 % of women require direct clitoral stimulation to achieve orgasm. [ 11 ] [ 25 ] [ 26 ] The vaginal walls contain significantly fewer heart endings than the clitoris ( which has many steel endings specifically intended for orgasm ), and consequently intense sexual pleasure, including orgasm, from vaginal sexual stimulation is less probable to occur than from direct clitoral stimulation in the majority of women. [ 27 ] [ 28 ] [ 29 ] The clitoris is composed of more than the outwardly visible glans ( head ). [ 2 ] [ 30 ] The vagina, for example, is flanked on each slope by the clitoral crus, the inner legs of the clitoris, which are highly sensible and become engorged with blood when sexually aroused. [ 31 ] [ 32 ] [ 33 ] indirect stimulation of the clitoris through anal penetration may be caused by the shared sensory nerves, particularly the pudendal heart, which gives off the subscript anal nerves and divides into the perineal nerve and the dorsal boldness of the clitoris. [ 4 ] Although the anus has many boldness endings, their determination is not specifically for inducing orgasm, and so a woman achieving orgasm entirely by anal stimulation is rare. [ 34 ] [ 35 ] The Gräfenberg touch, or G-spot, is a debate area of female anatomy, particularly among doctors and researchers, [ 27 ] [ 36 ] [ 28 ] but it is typically described as being located behind the female pubic bone surrounding the urethra and accessible through the anterior wall of the vagina ; it and other areas of the vagina are considered to have weave and nerves that are related to the clitoris. [ 31 ] [ 27 ] [ 28 ] directly stimulation of the clitoris, a G-spot area, or both, while engaging in anal sex can help some women enjoy the bodily process and strive orgasm during it. [ 2 ] [ 37 ] stimulation from anal sex can additionally be affected by popular sensing or portrayals of the action, such as pornography or pornography. In pornography, anal arouse is normally portrayed as a desirable, painless routine that does not require personal lubricant ; this can result in couples performing anal sex without wish, and men and women believing that it is strange for women, as receptive partners, to find discomfort or annoyance alternatively of joy from the activeness. [ 6 ] [ 38 ] [ 39 ] [ 40 ] By contrast, each person ‘s sphincter muscles react to penetration differently, the anal sphincters have tissues that are more prone to tear, and the anus and rectum do not provide lubrication for sexual penetration like the vagina does. Researchers say adequate application of a personal lubricant, easiness, and communication between intimate partners are crucial to avoid pain or wrong to the anus or rectum. [ 2 ] [ 13 ] [ 41 ] Additionally, ensuring that the anal area is clean and the intestine is empty, for both aesthetics and practicality, may be desired by participants. [ 21 ]

male to female

Behaviors and views

The anal sphincters are normally tighter than the pelvic muscles of the vagina, which can enhance the sexual joy for the inserting male during male-to-female anal sexual intercourse because of the pressure applied to the penis. [ 3 ] [ 37 ] [ 18 ] Men may besides enjoy the penetrative function during anal sex because of its association with authority, because it is made more alluring by a female spouse or society in general insist that it is prevent, or because it presents an extra choice for penetration. [ 5 ] [ 18 ] While some women find being a receptive spouse during anal sexual intercourse irritating or uncomfortable, or entirely engage in the act to please a male sexual partner, early women find the activeness enjoyable or prefer it to vaginal intercourse. [ 6 ] [ 37 ] [ 42 ] [ 43 ] In a 2010 clinical review article of heterosexual anal arouse, anal intercourse is used to specifically denote penile-anal penetration, and anal sex is used to denote any mannequin of anal sexual action. The review suggests that anal sex is exotic among the sexual practices of some heterosexuals and that “ for a sealed number of heterosexuals, anal intercourse is enjoyable, agitate, and possibly considered more inner than vaginal sex ”. [ 6 ] anal intercourse is sometimes used as a substitute for vaginal intercourse during menstruation. [ 5 ] The likelihood of pregnancy occurring during anal sex is greatly reduced, as anal sex alone can not lead to pregnancy unless sperm is somehow transported to the vaginal unfold. Because of this, some couples practice anal sexual intercourse as a phase of contraception, much in the absence of a condom. [ 5 ] [ 38 ] [ 44 ] Male-to-female anal arouse is normally viewed as a way of preserving female virginity because it is non-procreative and does not tear the hymen ; a person, particularly a adolescent female child or charwoman, who engages in anal sex or other sexual bodily process with no history of having engaged in vaginal intercourse is much regard among heterosexuals and researchers as not having however experienced virginity loss. This is sometimes called technical virginity. [ 45 ] [ 46 ] [ 47 ] [ 48 ] Heterosexuals may view anal sex as “ fooling around ” or as foreplay ; scholar Laura M. Carpenter stated that this view “ dates to the recently 1600s, with explicit ‘rules ‘ appearing around the twist of the twentieth century, as in marriage manuals defining caressing as ‘literally every caress known to marry couples but does not include complete sexual intercourse. ‘ ” [ 45 ]

prevalence

Because most inquiry on anal intercourse addresses men who have sex with men, little data exists on the prevalence of anal intercourse among heterosexual couples. [ 6 ] [ 49 ] In Kimberly R. McBride ‘s 2010 clinical reappraisal on heterosexual anal intercourse and other forms of anal intimate activeness, it is suggested that changing norms may affect the frequency of heterosexual anal arouse. McBride and her colleagues investigated the prevalence of non-intercourse anal sex behaviors among a sample of men ( n=1,299 ) and women ( n=1,919 ) compared to anal intercourse experience and found that 51 % of men and 43 % of women had participated in at least one act of oral–anal sex, manual–anal sex, or anal sex plaything practice. [ 6 ] The composition states the majority of men ( n=631 ) and women ( n=856 ) who reported heterosexual anal intercourse in the past 12 months were in exclusive, monogamous relationships : 69 % and 73 %, respectively. [ 6 ] The follow-up added that because “ relatively little attention [ is ] given to anal sexual intercourse and other anal sexual behaviors between heterosexual partners ”, this means that it is “ quite rare ” to have research “ that specifically differentiates the anus as a sexual electric organ or addresses anal sexual officiate or dysfunction as legitimate topics. As a result, we do not know the extent to which anal sexual intercourse differs qualitatively from sexual intercourse. ” [ 6 ] According to a 2010 study from the National Survey of Sexual Health and Behavior ( NSSHB ) that was authored by Debby Herbenick et al., although anal intercourse is reported by fewer women than other partner sex behaviors, partnered women in the old age groups between 18 and 49 are importantly more probable to report having anal sex in the past 90 days. Women engaged in anal intercourse less normally than men. vaginal intercourse was practiced more than insertive anal intercourse among men, but 13 % to 15 % of men aged 25 to 49 practiced insertive anal sexual intercourse. [ 50 ] [ 51 ] With involve to adolescents, limited data besides exists. [ 49 ] This may be because of the taboo nature of anal sex and that teenagers and caregivers subsequently avoid talking to one another about the subject. It is besides common for subject review panels and schools to avoid the subject. [ 49 ] A 2000 study found that 22.9 % of college students who self-identified as non-virgins had anal sex. They used condoms during anal sex 20.9 % of the clock time as compared with 42.9 % of the time with vaginal intercourse. [ 49 ] Anal sex being more common among heterosexuals nowadays than it was previously has been linked to the addition in consumption of anal pornography among men, particularly among those who view it on a regular footing. [ 39 ] [ 40 ] [ 52 ] Seidman et alabama. argued that “ cheap, accessible and, specially, synergistic media have enabled many more people to produce american samoa well as devour pornography ”, and that this modern room of producing pornography, in addition to the buttocks and anus having become more eroticize, has led to a significant interest in or compulsion with anal sex among men. [ 52 ]

male to male

Behaviors and views

historically, anal sex has been normally associated with male homosexuality. however, many gay men and men who have sex with men in general ( those who identify as cheery, bisexual, heterosexual or have not identified their intimate identity ) do not engage in anal sex. [ 8 ] [ 9 ] [ 53 ] [ 54 ] Among men who have anal sex with other men, the insertive partner may be referred to as the top and the one being penetrated may be referred to as the bottom. Those who enjoy either role may be referred to as versatile. [ 55 ] [ 56 ] Gay men who prefer anal sex may view it as their adaptation of intercourse and a natural expression of affair that is capable of providing pleasure. [ 19 ] [ 53 ] [ 57 ] The impression that it might resonate with cheery men with the same emotional significance that vaginal sex resonates with heterosexuals has besides been considered. [ 57 ] [ 58 ] Some men who have sex with men, however, believe that being a receptive partner during anal sex questions their masculinity. [ 59 ] [ 60 ] serviceman who have sex with men may besides prefer to engage in frot or other forms of reciprocal masturbation because they find it more enjoyable or more affectionate, to preserve technical foul virginity, or as dependable sex alternatives to anal sex, [ 53 ] [ 55 ] [ 61 ] while other frot advocates denounce anal sexual activity as degrading to the receptive spouse and unnecessarily bad. [ 58 ] [ 62 ]

preponderance

Reports regarding the prevalence of anal sex among cheery men and early men who have sex with men vary. A survey in The Advocate in 1994 indicated that 46 % of gay men preferred to penetrate their partners, while 43 % preferred to be the receptive partner. [ 55 ] early sources suggest that roughly three-fourths of homosexual men have had anal sex at one time or another, with an adequate share enter as tops and bottoms. [ 55 ] A 2012 NSSHB sexual activity review in the U.S. suggests high life engagement in anal sexual activity among gay men : 83.3 % report card ever taking part in anal sex in the insertive position and 90 % in the centripetal position, even if lone between a third and a quarter self-report identical late engagement in the drill, defined as 30 days or less. [ 63 ] oral arouse and reciprocal masturbation are more coarse than anal foreplay among men in intimate relationships with early men. [ 1 ] [ 53 ] [ 64 ] According to Weiten et al., anal sexual intercourse is broadly more popular among brave male couples than among heterosexual couples, but “ it ranks behind oral sexual activity and common masturbation ” among both intimate orientations in prevalence. [ 1 ] Wellings et aluminum. reported that “ the equation of ‘homosexual ‘ with ‘anal ‘ sexual activity among men is common among ballad and health professionals alike ” and that “ however an Internet review of 180,000 MSM across Europe ( EMIS, 2011 ) showed that oral sex was most normally practised, followed by common masturbation, with anal intercourse in one-third home ”. [ 9 ]

Female to male

A charwoman wearing a strap-on dildo about to engage in anal sex with a man Women may sexually stimulate a man ‘s anus by fingering the exterior or inner areas of the anus ; they may besides stimulate the perineum ( which, for males, is between the base of the scrotum and the anus ), massage the prostate or engage in anilingus. [ 5 ] [ 21 ] [ 65 ] Sex toys, such as a dildo, may besides be used. [ 5 ] [ 21 ] The drill of a woman penetrating a valet ‘s anus with a strap-on dildo for sexual natural process is called peg. [ 20 ] [ 66 ] normally, heterosexual men reject the theme of being centripetal partners during anal sex because they believe it is a womanly act, can make them vulnerable, or contradicts their sexual orientation ( for case, that it is indicative that they are homosexual ). [ 21 ] [ 67 ] The BMJ stated in 1999, however :

There are little published data on how many heterosexual men would like their anus to be sexually stimulated in a heterosexual relationship. Anecdotally, it is a hearty number. What data we do have about all refer to penetrative sexual acts, and the superficial contact of the anal band with fingers or the tongue is even less well documented but may be assumed to be a common intimate bodily process for men of all sexual orientations. [ 68 ]

Reece et alabama. reported in 2010 that receptive anal intercourse is infrequent among men overall, stating that “ an calculate 7 % of men 14 to 94 years old reported being a receptive spouse during anal sexual intercourse ”. [ 69 ]

Female to female

A charwoman performing anilingus ( anal–oral arouse ) on another charwoman With attentiveness to lesbian sexual practices, anal sex includes fingering, use of a dildo or other sexual activity toys, or anilingus. [ 10 ] [ 70 ] There is less inquiry on anal sexual activity among women who have sex with women compared to couples of other sexual orientations. In 1987, a non-scientific study ( Munson ) was conducted of more than 100 members of a lesbian social arrangement in Colorado. When asked what techniques they used in their last ten sexual encounters, lesbians in their 30s were twice arsenic likely as early age groups to engage in anal stimulation ( with a finger or dildo ). [ 2 ] A 2014 study of partner lesbian women in Canada and the U.S. found that 7 % engaged in anal stimulation or penetration at least once a week ; about 10 % did then monthly and 70 % did not at all. [ 71 ] Anilingus is besides less frequently practiced among female same-sex couples. [ 72 ] [ 73 ]

Health risks

General risks

mucous membranes of the rectum anal arouse can expose its participants to two principal dangers : infections due to the eminent number of infectious microorganisms not found elsewhere on the soundbox, and physical damage to the anus and rectum due to their fragility. [ 14 ] [ 16 ] Unprotected penile-anal penetration, colloquially known as barebacking, [ 74 ] carries a higher risk of passing on sexually transmitted infections ( STIs ) because the anal sphincter is a delicate, well tear tissue that can provide an entry for pathogens. [ 14 ] [ 16 ] Use of condoms, ample lubrication to reduce the risk of tearing, [ 2 ] [ 41 ] and safer sex practices in general, reduce the risk of STIs. [ 16 ] [ 75 ] however, a condom can break or otherwise come off during anal arouse, and this is more likely to happen with anal sex than with other sex acts because of the tightness of the anal sphincters during friction. [ 16 ]

Unprotected receptive anal sex ( with an HIV positive partner ) is the sex act most probable to result in HIV transmittance. [ 14 ] [ 15 ] [ 16 ] early infections that can be transmitted by unprotected anal arouse are human papillomavirus ( HPV ) ( which can increase gamble of anal cancer [ 76 ] ) ; typhoid fever ; [ 77 ] amebiasis ; chlamydia ; [ 15 ] cryptosporidiosis ; E. coli infections ; giardiasis ; gonorrhea ; [ 15 ] hepatitis A ; hepatitis B ; hepatitis C ; herpes simplex ; [ 15 ] Kaposi ‘s sarcoma-associated herpesvirus ( HHV-8 ) ; [ 78 ] lymphogranuloma venereum ; Mycoplasma hominis ; Mycoplasma genitalium ; pubic bird louse ; [ 15 ] salmonellosis ; shigella ; syphilis ; [ 15 ] tuberculosis ; and Ureaplasma urealyticum. [ 79 ] As with other sexual practices, people without fathom cognition about the intimate risks involved are susceptible to STIs. Because of the see that anal sex is not “ real sex ” and consequently does not result in virginity loss, or pregnancy, teenagers and other young people may consider vaginal intercourse riskier than anal sexual intercourse and believe that a STI can only result from vaginal intercourse. [ 80 ] [ 81 ] [ 82 ] It may be because of these views that condom use with anal sex is frequently reported to be depleted and discrepant across all groups in respective countries. [ 80 ] Although anal sex entirely does not lead to pregnancy, pregnancy can however occur with anal sex or other forms of sexual bodily process if the penis is near the vagina ( such as during intercrural sex or other genital-genital rubbing ) and its sperm is deposited near the vagina ‘s entrance and travels along the vagina ‘s lubricate fluids ; the hazard of pregnancy can besides occur without the penis being near the vagina because sperm may be transported to the vaginal afford by the vagina coming in reach with fingers or other non-genital body parts that have come in contact with semen. [ 83 ] [ 84 ] There are a variety show of factors that make male-to-female anal intercourse riskier than vaginal intercourse for women, including the risk of HIV transmittance being higher for anal intercourse than for vaginal intercourse. [ 3 ] [ 85 ] [ 86 ] The gamble of injury to the charwoman during anal sexual intercourse is besides significantly higher than the gamble of injury to her during vaginal sexual intercourse because of the lastingness of the vaginal tissues compared to the anal tissues. [ 3 ] [ 87 ] [ 88 ] Additionally, if a man moves from anal intercourse immediately to vaginal intercourse without a condom or without changing it, infections can arise in the vagina ( or urinary tract ) due to bacteria confront within the anus ; these infections can besides result from switching between vaginal sexual activity and anal sexual activity by the use of fingers or sex toys. [ 2 ] [ 3 ] [ 89 ] pain during centripetal anal sexual activity among brave men ( or men who have sex with men ) is formally known as anodyspareunia. [ 13 ] In one study, 61 % of homosexual or bisexual men said they experienced irritating receptive anal sex and that it was the most patronize sexual difficulty they had experienced. By contrast, 24 % of gay or bisexual men stated that they always experienced some degree of pain during anal sex, [ 13 ] and about 12 % of gay men find it excessively afflictive to pursue receptive anal arouse ; it was concluded that the perception of anal arouse as painful is american samoa probably to be psychologically or emotionally based as it is to be physically based. [ 13 ] [ 90 ] Factors predictive of pain during anal sex include inadequate lubrication, feeling tense or anxious, miss of stimulation, vitamin a well as miss of social ease with being gay and being closeted. Research has found that psychological factors can in fact be the chief contributors to the experience of pain during anal intercourse and that adequate communication between sexual partners can prevent it, countering the notion that pain is constantly inevitable during anal sex. [ 13 ] [ 90 ] Unprotected anal sexual activity is a risk factor for geological formation of antisperm antibodies ( ASA ) in the recipient. In some people, ASA may cause autoimmune sterility. [ 91 ] Antisperm antibodies impair fertilization, negatively affect the implantation process and mar growth and development of the embryo. [ 92 ] [ 91 ]

physical wrong and cancer

anal sex can exacerbate hemorrhoids and consequently leave in run ; in other cases, the geological formation of a hemorrhoid is attributed to anal sex. [ 3 ] [ 93 ] If bleed occurs as a resultant role of anal sex, it may besides be because of a bust in the anal or rectal tissues ( an anal crevice ) or perforation ( a hole ) in the colon, the latter of which being a serious medical issue that should be remedied by immediate medical attention. [ 3 ] [ 93 ] Because of the rectum ‘s lack of elasticity, the anal mucous membrane being thinly, and small blood vessels being present directly beneath the mucous membrane, bantam tears and bleeding in the rectum normally result from acute anal arouse, though the bleed is normally minor and therefore normally not visible. [ 16 ] By contrast to early anal sexual behaviors, anal fisting poses a more good danger of damage due to the careful stretch of the anal and rectal tissues ; anal fisting injuries include anal sphincter lacerations and rectal and sigmoid colon ( rectosigmoid ) perforation, which might result in death. [ 5 ] [ 94 ] repetitive penetrative anal arouse may result in the anal sphincters becoming weakened, which may cause rectal prolapse or affect the ability to hold in feces ( a circumstance known as faecal dissoluteness ). [ 3 ] [ 93 ] Rectal prolapse is relatively rare, however, particularly in men, and its causes are not well understand. [ 95 ] [ 96 ] Kegel exercises have been used to strengthen the anal sphincters and overall pelvic floor, and may help prevent or remedy faecal incontinence. [ 3 ] [ 97 ] Most cases of anal cancer are related to infection with the human papilloma virus ( HPV ). anal sexual activity alone does not cause anal cancer ; the risk of anal cancer through anal sex is attributed to HPV contagion, which is often contracted through unprotected anal sex. [ 76 ] Anal cancer is relatively rare, and importantly less coarse than cancer of the colon or rectum ( colorectal cancer ) ; the american Cancer Society states that it affects approximately 7,060 people ( 4,430 in women and 2,630 in men ) and results in approximately 880 deaths ( 550 in women and 330 in men ) in the United States, and that, though anal cancer has been on the rise for many years, it is chiefly diagnosed in adults, “ with an average age being in the early on 60s ” and it “ affects women slightly more often than men. ” [ 76 ] Though anal cancer is good, treatment for it is “ much identical effective ” and most anal cancer patients can be cured of the disease ; the american Cancer Society adds that “ receptive anal sexual intercourse besides increases the risk of anal cancer in both men and women, particularly in those younger than the age of 30. Because of this, men who have sex with men have a high risk of this cancer. ” [ 76 ]

other cultural views

General

depiction of anal sex on 510 BC Attic red-figure kylix different cultures have had different views on anal sexual activity throughout human history, with some cultures more positivist about the activity than others. [ 5 ] [ 52 ] [ 98 ] Historically, anal sexual activity has been restricted or condemned, particularly with gaze to religious beliefs ; it has besides normally been used as a human body of domination, normally with the active partner ( the one who is penetrating ) representing masculinity and the passive partner ( the one who is being penetrated ) representing femininity. [ 5 ] [ 7 ] [ 52 ] A number of cultures have specially recorded the rehearse of anal sex between males, and anal sexual activity between males has been particularly stigmatized or punished. [ 7 ] [ 57 ] [ 99 ] In some societies, if discovered to have engaged in the practice, the individuals involved were put to death, such as by decapitation, burn, or even mutilation. [ 5 ] Anal sex has been more accept in modern times ; it is much considered a natural, enjoyable form of intimate expression, [ 5 ] [ 7 ] [ 98 ] that is basically just a non-reproductive sexual behavior which has besides been observed in other primates, both in enslavement and in the angry. [ 100 ] [ 101 ] [ 102 ] Some people, men in particular, are lone matter to in anal sex for intimate satisfaction, which has been partially attributed to the buttocks and anus being more eroticized in modern culture, including via pornography. [ 52 ] Engaging in anal sex is silent, however, punished in some societies. [ 7 ] [ 103 ] For example, regarding LGBT rights in Iran, Iran ‘s Penal Code states in Article 109 that “ both men involved in same-sex acute ( anal ) or non-penetrative sex will be punished ” and “ Article 110 states that those convicted of engaging in anal sex will be executed and that the manner of execution is at the delicacy of the judge ”. [ 103 ] Some people, men in particular, are alone interest in anal sex for intimate atonement, which has been partially attributed to the buttocks and anus being more eroticized in modern culture, including via pornography. [ 52 ] Engaging in anal sex is still, however, punished in some societies. [ 7 ] [ 103 ] For example, regarding LGBT rights in Iran, Iran ‘s Penal Code states in Article 109 that “ both men involved in same-sex acute ( anal ) or non-penetrative sex will be punished ” and “ Article 110 states that those convicted of engaging in anal sex will be executed and that the manner of execution is at the discretion of the judge ”. [ 103 ]

ancient and non-Western cultures

From the earliest records, the ancient Sumerians had identical relaxed attitudes toward arouse [ 104 ] and did not regard anal sexual activity as taboo. [ 104 ] Entu priestesses were forbidden from producing offspring [ 105 ] [ 106 ] and frequently engaged in anal sex as a method of birth control condition. [ 105 ] [ 104 ] [ 106 ] Anal sex is besides obliquely alluded to by a description of an omen in which a homo “ keeps saying to his wife : ‘Bring your rear. ‘ ” [ 106 ] early sumerian text refer to homosexual anal intercourse. [ 104 ] The gala, a fit of priests who worked in the temples of the goddess Inanna, where they performed elegies and lamentations, were particularly known for their homosexual proclivities. [ 107 ] The sumerian sign for gala was a ligature of the signs for ‘penis ‘ and ‘anus ‘. [ 107 ] One sumerian proverb reads : “ When the gala wiped off his buttocks [ he said ], ‘I must not arouse that which belongs to my mistress [ i, Inanna ]. ‘ ” [ 107 ] The term Greek love has long been used to refer to anal intercourse, and in modern times, “ doing it the greek way ” is sometimes used as gull for anal sexual activity. [ 108 ] Male-male anal sexual activity was not a universally accept practice in Ancient Greece ; it was the target of jokes in some athenian comedies. [ 109 ] Aristophanes, for case, derisively alludes to the commit, claim, “ Most citizens are europroktoi ( ‘wide-arsed ‘ ) now. ” [ 110 ] The terms kinaidos, europroktoi, and katapygon were used by greek residents to categorize men who chronically [ 111 ] practiced passive anal intercourse. [ 112 ] Pederastic practices in ancient Greece ( sexual bodily process between men and adolescent boys ), at least in Athens and Sparta, were expected to avoid acute sex of any kind. greek artwork of sexual interaction between men and boys normally depicted caress or intercrural sexual activity, which was not condemned for violating or feminizing boys, [ 113 ] while male-male anal sexual intercourse was normally depicted between males of the same age-group. [ 114 ] Intercrural arouse was not considered acute and two males engaging in it was considered a “ clean ” work. [ 109 ] Some sources explicitly express that anal sex between men and boys was criticized as black and seen as a class of hubris. [ 113 ] [ 115 ] Evidence suggests, however, that the younger collaborator in pederastic relationships ( i, the eromenos ) did engage in receptive anal sexual intercourse thus long as no one accused him of being ‘feminine ‘. [ 116 ]
In subsequently Roman-era Greek poetry, anal sex became a coarse literary conventionality, represented as taking seat with “ eligible ” youths : those who had attained the proper age but had not yet become adults. Seducing those not of proper senesce ( for exemplar, non-adolescent children ) into the practice was considered very disgraceful for the adult, and having such relations with a male who was no longer adolescent was considered more disgraceful for the young male than for the one mount him. greek courtesans, or hetaerae, are said to have frequently practiced male-female anal sexual intercourse as a mean of preventing pregnancy. [ 117 ] A male citizen taking the passive voice ( or receptive ) function in anal intercourse ( paedicatio in Latin ) was condemned in Rome as an act of impudicitia ( ‘immodesty ‘ or ‘un chastity ‘ ) ; spare men, however, could take the active role with a unseasoned male slave, known as a catamite or puer delicatus. The latter was allowed because anal sexual intercourse was considered equivalent to vaginal intercourse in this room ; men were said to “ take it like a charwoman ” ( muliebria pati ‘to undergo womanly things ‘ ) when they were anally penetrated, but when a homo performed anal arouse on a woman, she was thought of as playing the son ‘s function. [ 118 ] Likewise, women were believed to only be able of anal sex or other sex acts with women if they possessed an exceptionally big clitoris or a dildo. [ 118 ] The passive collaborator in any of these cases was constantly considered a woman or a boy because being the one who penetrates was characterized as the only appropriate way for an adult male citizen to engage in sexual action, and he was consequently considered unmanly if he was the one who was penetrated ; slaves could be considered “ non-citizen ”. [ 118 ] Although Roman men frequently availed themselves of their own slaves or others for anal sexual intercourse, Roman comedies and plays presented greek settings and characters for explicit acts of anal sexual intercourse, and this may be indicative that the Romans thinking of anal arouse as something specifically “ greek ”. [ 119 ]
In Japan, records ( including detailed shunga ) show that some males engaged in acute anal sexual intercourse with males. [ 120 ] Evidence indicative of widespread male-female anal intercourse in a pre-modern culture can be found in the erotic vases, or stirrup-spout pots, made by the Moche people of Peru ; in a sketch, of a collection of these pots, it was found that 31 percentage of them depicted male-female anal intercourse significantly more than any early sex act. [ 121 ] Moche pottery of this type belonged to the world of the dead, which was believed to be a reversal of animation. consequently, the inverse of coarse practices was much portrayed. The Larco Museum houses an erotic gallery in which this pottery is showcased. [ 122 ]

western cultures

In many westerly countries, anal sex has generally been taboo since the Middle Ages, when dissident movements were sometimes attacked by accusations that their members practiced anal sexual activity among themselves. [ 123 ] At that meter, celibate members of the Christian clergy were accused of engaging in “ sins against nature “, including anal sexual activity. [ 124 ] The term buggery originated in medieval Europe as an diss used to describe the rumored same-sex intimate practices of the heretics from a faction originate in Bulgaria, where its followers were called bogomils ; [ 125 ] when they spread out of the state, they were called buggres ( from the ethnonym Bulgars ). [ 125 ] Another terminus for the practice, more archaic, is pedicate from the Latin pedicare, with the same meaning. [ 126 ] The Renaissance poet Pietro Aretino advocated anal sex in his Sonetti Lussuriosi ( ‘Lust Sonnets ‘ ). [ 127 ] While men who engaged in homosexual relationships were generally suspected of engaging in anal sex, many such individuals did not. Among these, in late times, have been André Gide, who found it hideous, [ 128 ] and Noël Coward, who had a horror of disease, and asserted when young that “ I ‘d never do anything – well the disgusting thing they do – because I know I could get something wrong with me ”. [ 129 ]

religion

François-Rolland Elluin, Sodomites provoking divine wrath, from Le pot-pourri (1781), from ( 1781 )

judaism

The Mishneh Torah, a text considered authoritative by Orthodox Jewish sects, [ 130 ] states “ since a homo ‘s wife is permitted to him, he may act with her in any manner any. He may have sexual intercourse with her whenever he so desires and kiss any harmonium of her body he wishes, and he may have sexual intercourse with her naturally or artificially [ traditionally, unnaturally refers to anal and oral arouse ], provided that he does not expend semen to no aim. however, it is an attribute of piety that a man should not act in this matter with levity and that he should sanctify himself at the time of sexual intercourse. ” [ 131 ]

christianity

christian textbook may sometimes euphemistically refer to anal arouse as the peccatum contra naturam ( ‘the drop the ball against nature ‘, after Thomas Aquinas ) or Sodomitica luxuria ( ‘sodomitical lusts ‘, in one of Charlemagne ‘s ordinances ), or peccatum illud horribile, inter christianos non nominandum ( ‘that atrocious sin that among Christians is not to be named ‘ ). [ 132 ] [ 133 ] [ 134 ]

islam

Sawaqub al-Manaquib)Ottoman illustration depicting two young men having sex (from Liwat, or the sin of Lot ‘s people, which has come to be interpreted as referring by and large to same-sex sexual action, is normally formally prohibited by Islamic sects ; there are parts of the Quran which talk about smiting on Sodom and Gomorrah, and this is thought to be a reference to unnatural sex, and so there are hadith and Islamic laws which prohibit it. [ 135 ] While, concerning Islamic belief, it is objectionable to use the words al-Liwat and luti to refer to homosexuality because it is blasphemy toward the prophet of Allah, and consequently the terms sodomy and homosexuality are preferred, [ 136 ] same-sex male practitioners of anal sexual activity are called luti or lutiyin in plural and are seen as criminals in the lapp means that a thief is a criminal. [ 136 ] [ 137 ]

See besides

References

further reading

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