Abdominal Wall Hernias

A hernia occurs when an organ protrudes through the wall of muscle that encircles it. There are several different types of hernia that can occur in the abdominal and surrounding areas. These include umbilical hernia, epigastric hernia, incisional hernia, and others. For more data on these specific types of hernia, including symptoms and treatment methods, see below .

Types of Abdominal Wall Hernias

Epigastric Hernia

An epigastric hernia occurs when a dampen area in the abdominal wall allows a bit of fatty to push through. epigastric hernia are typically small. They occur in the center of the belly, in the sphere between the belly push button and the sternum .
Some patients develop more than one epigastric hernia at a time. These hernias typically don ’ metric ton cause symptoms, but you may experience trouble in your upper abdomen .
discussion of epigastric hernia typically involves surgery, but your doctor of the church will discuss all your options with you in detail.

Incisional Hernia

A hernia that occurs in the sphere of a previous surgery is known as an incisional hernia. These hernias may occur when the abdominal rampart has been weakened by operation, or when a surgical incision becomes infected, further weakening the area .
Incisional hernias are relatively common because surgical incisions weaken the abdominal area. That weakness makes it easier for a part of the intestine or early tissue to protrude .
Incisional hernia can develop soon after operating room, or they can develop slowly, over months or even years. They typically occur aboard vertical incisions. Incisional hernia tend to be big and rather painful .
Incisional hernia will not heal on their own. talk to your doctor of the church for more details about your discussion options .

Spigelian Hernia

Spigelian hernia occur throughout the spigelian fascia. Unlike other types of hernia, which develop immediately below layers of fatty, spigelian hernia happen in the midst of abdominal muscles. This means that spigelian hernia may not be immediately visible as a bulge or ball. They can go undetected for longer periods of time .
Because spigelian hernias tend to be small, the risk of developing a strangulated hernia is higher .
Spigelian hernias tend to occur more rarely than other types of hernia .

Umbilical Hernia

An umbilical hernia occurs when a weak blemish in the belly allows a bite of fat, fluid, or intestine to push through, creating a lump or bulge near the belly clitoris .
umbilical hernia frequently occur in infants. In most cases, these hernias will heal on their own. occasionally, however, operating room may be required .
umbilical hernia besides occur in adults, particularly those with health issues that cause increase press in the belly. Those issues may include fleshiness, pregnancy, chronic cough or stultification, and trouble make .
Because they tend to grow bigger over time, umbilical cord hernia require treatment. Treatment typically involves surgery, but your doctor will discuss all your options with you in detail. Without treatment, you are at risk of developing a strangulated hernia, which means that blood supply to the weave has been cut off. Strangulation is life threatening and requires emergency surgery.

Symptoms

Abdominal wall hernia are broadly visible : they will look like a lump or bulge beneath the peel. These hernia don ’ t normally cause any other symptoms except for balmy pain or discomfort, normally when you are straining ( for case, lifting something heavy ) .
If the hernia becomes strangulated, however, you may experience more serious symptoms, such as dangerous pain, nausea, vomiting, and/or inflammation in the area of the hernia. Contact your sophisticate immediately if you begin to experience these symptoms. A strangulated hernia is life-threatening.

Causes 

Abdominal wall hernia can occur in people of any historic period, including infants. however, the gamble of developing a hernia tends to increase as you age. Most abdominal wall hernia are caused by an area of helplessness in the abdominal walls. A number of different factors can contribute to the development of that weakness. These factors include :

  • Aging
  • Chronic coughing
  • Collagen vascular disease
  • Frequent heavy lifting
  • Genetic defects   
  • History of previous hernias
  • Infection (especially following surgery)
  • Injuries to the abdominal area
  • Obesity
  • Pregnancy
  • Straining during bowel movements or urination
  • Surgical openings

Diagnosis

In most cases, your doctor will be able to determine whether you are in fact suffering from a hernia merely by looking and by gently palpating the affected area .
If for some reason a diagnosis international relations and security network ’ thyroxine immediately apparent, your doctor may decide to order an image test, such as an abdominal sonography, CT scan, or MRI. These imaging tests can help to show the hole in the muscle wall, along with the tissue protruding from it .

Treatment

Abdominal wall hernia that have no associated symptoms may not require any treatment at all. Your doctor will discuss your options with you which may include surgery or insomniac wait .
Larger hernia, however, or hernia that are causing trouble, may require surgical rectify to relieve pain american samoa well as to prevent complications .
There are two types of surgical hernia rectify : outdoors and minimally incursive surgery. The character of surgery chosen will depend on the severity and type of hernia you ’ ve developed, the predict recovery time, your past medical and surgical history, and your surgeon ’ randomness expertness .
Open Surgery: During this operation, your surgeon will make a little incision into your groin, and then push the stick out weave back into your abdomen. Your surgeon will then sew up the weaken area. In some cases, your surgeon will use a mesh topology to reinforce that weakened area .
afford operation can be performed either with general anesthesia or with sedation or local anesthesia .
After your surgery, it might be several weeks before you ’ re able to amply resume your normal activities. however, it ’ second even crucial that you begin moving about again deoxyadenosine monophosphate soon as possible for a healthier recovery .
Minimally Invasive Surgery: minimally incursive surgery is typically performed under general anesthesia .
During this operation, your surgeon will make a few little incisions in your abdomen. Your surgeon will then inflate your abdomen, using a particular accelerator, in order to make your inner organs easier to see .
Your surgeon will then insert a small, narrow tube into one of the incisions in your abdomen. This tube has a bantam camera, or laparoscope, at the end of it. That television camera serves as a kind of usher for your surgeon, who is then able to insert surgical instruments through the other incisions in your abdomen. Your surgeon will repair the hernia using and may use mesh topology.

Patients who are candidates for minimally invasive operating room may experience less scar and discomfort following surgery than those who undergo open surgery. Patients may besides be able to return more quickly to their normal activities .
Your doctors will speak with you in detail about all of your treatment options and will recommend a course of carry through well suited to your individual needs .

Make an Appointment

To discuss a electric potential hernia surgery, contact the Surgery Call Center at ( 734 ) 936-5738 .

reference : https://www.bestofcalgary.city
Category : Health

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