What are kidney stones?
Kidney stones are solid masses that form when chemicals and minerals in your urine harden into a crystal. These chemicals and minerals, such as calcium and uric acid, are always present at low levels. Excess normally gets flushed out with your urine. In some cases, however, you can have excessively much of them, and kidney stones can form. Some cases of kidney stones have no known cause, but certain life style and health factors can increase your likelihood of developing them. For example :
- eating a lot of protein
- taking too much vitamin D
- not drinking enough fluids
- being obese
- having a metabolic disorder
- having gout or inflammatory bowel disease
man and people who have a family history of kidney stones are besides more likely to develop them. Common symptoms of kidney stones are :
- severe pain in your back and sides, especially pain that comes on suddenly
- blood in your urine
- constant need to urinate
- pain while urinating
- cloudy or foul-smelling urine
- only urinating a small amount or not at all
Kidney stones imprint in the kidney and then move into the ureter. The ureter is the tube that connects the kidney to the bladder and allows urine to flow. small stones can normally pass naturally, but bigger stones might get stuck in the ureter, causing the above symptoms. Read on to learn the factors that determine how long it takes to pass a kidney stone.
How long does it take to pass?
A couple factors determine how hanker you ’ ll spend waiting for a kidney stone to pass .
size of the stone is a major gene in whether it can pass naturally. Stones smaller than 4 millimeters ( millimeter ) pass on their own 80 percentage of the time. They take an average of 31 days to pass. Stones that are 4–6 mm are more likely to require some classify of discussion, but around 60 percentage pass naturally. This takes an average of 45 days. Stones larger than 6 mm normally need aesculapian discussion to be removed. only around 20 percentage pass naturally. For stones of this size that do pass naturally, they can take up to a year to travel by .
While size is the chief factor in whether stones will pass on their own, stone location in the ureter besides makes a difference. Stones that are in the end of the ureter close to where it attaches to the bladder — preferably than the end that attaches to the kidney — are more probable to pass on their own. research shows that 79 percentage of these stones pass on their own. For stones in the end of the ureter close to the kidney, approximately 48 percentage of these stones pass without any medical treatment.
Is there any way to make them pass faster?
The best home redress to encourage the stone to base on balls is to drink lots of fluids, specially complain water and citrus juices such as orange or grapefruit. The excess fluent causes you to urinate more, which helps the stone move and keeps it from growing. You should aim for at least 2 to 3 quarts of water per day. Smaller stones are more probably to pass on their own, so you should take steps to keep the stone from growing. This includes eating a diet that ’ sulfur broken in salt, calcium, and protein. however, you need all of these for your body to function by rights, so talk with your doctor about an appropriate diet to help you pass the stone. Passing a kidney stone can be very irritating. Taking pain medicine such as ibuprofen won ’ t speed up the summons, but it can make you a lot more comfortable while passing the rock. A heat pad can besides help. If you have a fever, meaning nausea, or are unable to keep down liquids without vomiting, you should seek checkup care. alike, if you have only one kidney or known kidney problems or wrong, see a sophisticate immediately.
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An infect kidney stone is a surgical hand brake. If you notice any signs of infection, go to the hospital.
Nonsurgical medical treatment
In some cases, you might need medicine or a nonsurgical operation to help the stone pass. common medications and treatments are :
- Calcium channel blockers. Calcium channel blockers are usually used for high blood pressure but can be used to help kidney stones pass. They stop the ureter from spasming, which helps relieve pain. They also help widen the ureter so the stone can pass more easily.
- Alpha blockers. Alpha blockers are medications that relax the muscles in the ureter. This can help the stone pass more easily. Relaxing the muscles can also help relieve pain caused by spasms in the ureter.
- Lithotripsy. Lithotripsy is a nonsurgical procedure where high-energy sound waves (also known as shock waves) are used to break up the stone. The waves are aimed at the kidney’s location and pass through your body. Once the stone is broken up, the pieces can pass more easily. You might be hospitalized for a day or two after lithotripsy.
dehydration is besides coarse with kidney stones and can require intravenous fluids. You should see your doctor immediately if you start vomiting or have other signs of austere dehydration.
When surgery is necessary
If you think you might have a kidney stone, you should see your doctor of the church american samoa soon as possible. If you ’ re found to have one, your doctor of the church can help you determine whether to try to pass the stone naturally, take medicine, or get the stone surgically removed. In some circumstances, your doctor might recommend contiguous surgical removal without a waiting period. This will normally be because the rock is excessively big to pass naturally ( larger than 6 millimeter ) or is blocking urine flow. If the stone is blocking the hang of urine, it can lead to an infection or nephritic wrong. In early circumstances, your repair might recommend waiting to see if you can pass the stone on your own. You should check in with your doctor of the church much during this meter to see if anything is changing, specially if you have newfangled symptoms. During the waiting period, your repair might recommend operating room if the stone continues to grow, you ’ re having uncontrollable annoyance, or you develop signs of infection, such as a fever. Infection, fever, kidney damage, intractable ( hard to control ) pain, or intractable vomit are all indications for contiguous operating room.
Kidney stones can be very afflictive, but they much resolve without medical treatment. If you think you have a kidney stone, see your repair a soon as potential to help you decide the best class of action. generally speaking, the larger the stone, the longer it will take to pass on its own. You may be able to wait it out, or your doctor may recommend medical treatment.
Having a kidney stone makes you more likely to have more kidney stones in the future. To reduce your hazard of developing more stones, make certain you drink enough water to keep your urine light scandalmongering or clear, and eat a diet high in fruits and vegetables and humble in salt. Your doctor can help you figure out what diet and life style changes are best for you .